RECORD: Newman, Edward. 1840. Entomological notes. The Entomologist 1: 7-13.

REVISION HISTORY: Scanned by John van Wyhe, transcribed (single key) by AEL Data 6.2008. RN1


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THE ENTOMOLOGIST.

No. I. NOVEMBER, MDCCCXL,. PRICE 6D.

ART. I.—Entomological Notes. By EDWARD NEWMAN.

(Continued from the 'Entomological Magazine', vol. V. p. 402).

Class.—COLEOPTERA.

Natural Order.—CERAMBYCITES, Newman.

Genus.—CALLISPHYRIS, Newman.

CAPUT pronum, prothorace angustius; antennæ dimidio corporis vix longiores, 11-articulatæ, simplices, apice paullò crassiores: prothorax lateribus medio dentatis: elytra dimidio corporis manifestò breviora, a basi ad medium pedetentìm angustata, ponè medium linearia: pro- et mesopedes breves, simplices, femoribus haùd tumescentibus; metapedes elongati, femoribus tibiisque valdè hirsutis.

Call. Macropus. Niger, hirsutus, antennarum basi, elytris, pedibusque flavis: metafemorum spatio mediano, tarsisque ommibus nigris. (Corp. long. 1 unc. lat. 35 unc.)

Inhabits South America. A single specimen, taken by Mr. Darwin on the Island of Chilöe, is in the cabinet of the Entomological Society of London.

This fine insect in some of its characters closely resembles Odontocera, of Serville, but the structure of its antennæ, the tooth on each side of its prothorax, and its slender and simple pro- and meso-femora, incline me to consider the similarity merely dependant on its rowed elytra and hirsute metatibiæ, and not implying any very near approach to that well-known genus.

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dorso convexus, lateribus rotundatis dente postico armatis: elytra convexa, apice 1-spinosa: pedes simplices.

Cyll. spinifera. Fusea, obseura, lanuginosa: prothorax maculis duabus glabris ornatus: antennarum articuli basi cinerei: elytra fusca, maculis fasciisve lanuginosis cinereis ornata. (Corp. long. 7 unc. lat. 225 unc.)

Inhabits South America. Specimens taken by Mr. Darwin are in the cabinet of the Entomological Society. I find no description of this insect in Serville's 'Nouvelle Classification,' but it is by no means uncommon in collections: it bears as close a resemblance to Clytus as Phacodes to Callidium.

The descriptions which follow have no reference to any particular family of Longicorns, but are simply recorded as supposed novelties to the science.

Genus.—ŒMONA, Newman.

Facies ferè Clyti: caput vix pronum, in prothorace ad oculos ferè immersum anticè elongatum; oculi reniformes subtù dilatati: antennæ corpore vix longiores, filiformes, 11-articulatæ, articuli 3us 4usque sequentibus paullò breviores: prothorax inermis, latitudine longior, lateribus ferè parallelis, disco transversè rugatus: elytra dorso complanata, apicem versus pedetentim attennata, apice ipso rotundato: pedes paullò elongati, femoribus simplicibus.

Œmona humilis. Castanea, oculis, femoribus apice tarsisque fuscis: vertex pilis aureis crebrè obsitus, medio lineâ glabrâ longitudinalitèr divisus: scutellum tomentosum cinereum: elytra profundè puncta, pilis canis obsita. (Corp. long. 55 unc. lat. 125 unc.)

Inhabits New Zealand. A single specimen, taken by Mr. Darwin, is in the cabinet of the Entomological Society of London.

Genus.—ŒME, Newman.

Caput exsertum, transversum; antennæ graciles, corpore breviores, pilosæ, spinis minutis passim instructæ: prothorax ferè globosus, inermis: elytra elongata, prothorace latiora, linearia, apice rotundata: pedes simplices, femoribus paullò compressis.

Œme indecora. Testaceo-fusca, unicolor, oculis tantùm nigris:

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prothorax punctus: elytra puncta lincis elevatis duabus instructa. (Corp. long. 6 unc. lat. 125 unc.)

Inhabits North America. 'A single specimen in the cabinet of the Entomological Club, was taken by Mr. E. Doubleday, at St. John's Bluff, in East Florida. It approaches in habit, to Xystrocera globosa.

Genus.—PETALODES, Newman.

Antennæ corpore breviores, lamellatæ 11-articulatæ, articulus 1 us mediocris exteriù crassior, 2us brevissimus, 3us et sequentes breves, ramulam longissimam emittentes: oculi maximi, infra capitem dilatati, ferè conniventes: prothorax capite haùd latior, paullò longior, nullo modo armatus: clytra linearia prothorace paullò latiora, triplò longiora, apice inermia.

Peta, laminosus. Punctus, fuscus, scutello, lineâque laterali latâ pro- mesoet metathoracis albis: abdominis segmentis lateralibus albo bimaculatis. (Corp. long. 8 unc. lat. 2 unc.)

Inhabits New Holland. A single specimen, taken by Mr. Davis at Adelaide, is in the cabinet of the Entomological Club.

Genus.—HETERACHTHES, Newman.

Generi Ibidioni (Serville) affinis: caput ferè porrectum; antennæ corpore longiores, 11-articulatæ; articulus 1us mediocris, 2us brevis, 3us, 4us, 5us, et 6us elongati, cylindracei, incrassati, 7us, 8us, 9us, 10us, et 11us elongati, filiformes: oculi magni, reniformes, ad antennarum basim emarginati: prothorax elongatus, cylindraceus, capite angustior, lateribus ferè parallelus: elytra linearia prothorace paullò latiora, apice ferè rotundata: pedes mediocres, femoribus vix tumidis.

Heterach. ebenus. Concolor, niger, opacus, antennarum articulis incrassatis tantùm nitidis. (Corp. long. ˙4 unc. lat. ˙075 unc.)

Inhabits North America. In the cabinet of the Entomological Club: taken by Mr. Doubleday in East Florida.

G. N.—Callidio affine.

—— piceum. Piceum, antennis pedibusque pallidioribus: antennæ corpore breviores; simplices: caput porrectum prothorace

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vix angustius: prothorax rugosus, lateribus inermis: scutellum parvum, cinereo-lannginosum: elytra prothorace latiora, lateribus parallela, apice rotundata inermia, crebrè puncta; punctis profundis, basim versus confluentibus: femora apice manifestò haùd repente tumida. (Corp. long. ˙75 unc. lat. ˙2 unc.)

Inhabits New Holland. In the cabinet of the Entomological Club &c.; not uncommon.

—— signiferum. Punctum, ferrugineo-fuscum: elytra maculis 11 flavis signata: femoribus apice tumescentibus basi attenuatis, luteis, tibiis quoque basi luteis. (Corp. long. ˙3 lat. ˙075 unc.)

Inhabits New Holland. A specimen in the cabinet of Mr. Waterhouse.

Genus.—HEPHÆSTION, Newman.

Caput ferè pronum, exsertum, prothorace haùd angustius: antennæ corpore breviores, apice paullò crassiores, 11-articulatæ: prothorax spinis 4 lineâ transversâ collocatis armatus: elytra apice inermia: pedes simplices, graciles, mediocres, metafemoribus tibiisque paullò compressis.

Hephæs. ocreatus. Antennarum articuli 3us 4usque sequentibus breviores, nitidi: elytra linearia rotundata: caput antennæ, prothorax et sternum nigerrima: elytra glaberrima, splendore metallico purpureo mutabili læta: pedes nigri, femoribus croceis: abdomen croceum, apice nigro. (Corp. long. 1 unc. lat. ˙25 unc.

Inhabits South America. A single specimen, taken by Mr. Darwin on the island of Chilöe, is in the cabinet of the Entomological Society of London.

Hephæs. macer. Antennarum articuli 3us 4usque sequentibus haùd breviores, obscuri: elytra corpore breviora, à basi ad medium pedetentìm attenuata, post medium tenuissima, linearia: niger, antennarum articulis 1mo basi, 7mo omninò, 8vo basi albidis: metafemoribus basi metatarsis medio albidis. (Corp. long. ˙85 unc. lat. ˙15 unc.)

Inhabits South America. A single specimen, taken by Mr. Darwin on the island of Chilöe, is in the cabinet of the Entomological Society of London.

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Genus.—TRACHYDERES, Dalman.

Trac. renustus. Piceus, clytrorum fasciis duabus, maculâque singuli subrotundâ apicali lætè stramineis: scutellum elongatum, sublineare, medio longitudinalitèr impressum, piceum. (Corp. long. 1˙15 unc. lat. ˙5 unc.)

Inhabits Demerara. Three specimens of this lovely insect were taken by M. Schomburgk, who kindly allowed me to describe and name the species. The entire colour is pitehy black, with the exception of three large spots on each elytron of a beautiful straw colour: of these spots the first is humeral, transverse, and extends from the costal margin to the scutellum, but does not quite reach the base; the second is median, transverse, and reaches the costal but not quite the sutural margin; the third is nearly apical, almost round, and does not reach either of the margins; the prothorax is rugose, and has five dorsal protuberances arranged thus, ; the scutellum is elongate, linear, narrow, and has a longitudinal impression, it is of a clear pitchy black. This description was read before the Entomological Society of London, in 1839.

Genus.—LAMIA, Fabricius.

Lamia ahenea. Nigra, lanugine lateritiâ undiquè tecta: elytra puncta, punctis à basi ad apicem magnitudine pedetentìm decrescentibus, ahenea, fasciâ angustâ posticè convexâ ante medium, vittâque laterali à medio ad apicem rufis: antennæ et tarsi glabra, nigra. (Corp. long. 1˙5 unc. lat. ˙5 unc.)

Inhabits the Cape of Good Hope. There are two specimens in the cabinet of the Entomological Club.

Genus.—MICROCLEPTES, Newman.

Caput pronum, prothorace vix angustius; facies complanata, lata, trigona: antennæ 11-articulatæ corpore longiores, articulo basali majori; oculi elongati, medio angustissimi: prothorax valdè convexus, lateribus reetis, spinâ acutâ armatis: elytra valdè convexa, humeris l dentata: pedes mediocres, femoribus tumidis, metafemora elytris longiora.

Micro. Aranea. Testaceo-fusca, puncta, punctis magnis, profundis, pravè dispositis, nunc distinctis, nunc confluentibus: facies et scutellum cinereo-tomentosa. (Corp. long. ˙225 unc. lat. ˙1 unc.)

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Inhabits South America. In the cabinet of the Entomological, Society of London; taken by Mr. Darwin at Valparaiso. This little longicorn, which a good deal resembles a small brown spider, is very closely allied to the genera Compsosoma and Ensphærium, but appears to me sufficiently distinct from both.

Genus.—XYLOTOLES, Newman.

Caput pronum; antennæ corpore longiores, graciles, 11-articulatæ prothorax ferè cylindraceus, capite triplò longior, lateribus rectus: elytra lateribus convexa, apice acuta: pedes mediocres, femoribus tumidis

Xylo. lentus. Testaceo-fuscus: scutellum cinereo-lanuginosum spatio mediano glabro: utrumque elytron maculis oblongis obscurè flavido-lanuginosis signatum: elytra obsoletè 10-striatastriâ suturali cæteris distinctiori; versus elytrorum basim punctis nonnullis magnis profundis pravè dispositis. (Corp. long. ˙4 unc. lat. ˙15 unc.)

Inhabits New Zealand. A specimen in the cabinet of the Entomological Society of London was taken by Mr. Darwin.

Genus.—MEGACERA, Serville.

Mega. parrula. Antennæ corpore duplò longiores: prothorax capite angustior: puncta, elytrorum punctis profundis vix in ordine dispositis: testaceo-fusca, vittis 6 luteis capite prothorax elytrisque communibus. (Corp. long. ˙3 unc. lat. ˙04 unc.)

Inhabits South America. A specimen in the cabinet of the Entomological Society of London, was taken by Mr. Darwin at Bahia. It differs but slightly from Megacera macrocera of Serville, except in size, being scarcely more than a seventh part as large; the little projections on which the antennæ are situated are less prominent than in that species, and the extremities of the elytra less pointed and less divaricating.

Genus.—SAPERDA, Fabricius.

Saper. cana. Nigra, laungine canâ tecta: elytrorum lineâ sutural et marginali, sterno, abdomineque albidis. (Corp. long. ˙4 unc. lat. ˙1 unc.)

Inhabits North America. Two spceimens in the cabinet of the Entomological Club, were taken by Mr. Doubleday at St. John's Blutt East Florida.

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Saper. cinerea. Nigra, lanugine cinereâ densè tecta, lineâ longitudinali capitis prothoracisque albidâ (Corp. long. ˙45 unc. lat. ˙125 unc.)

Inhabits Mexico. In the cabinet of the Entomological Club. This and the preceding species are very similar, but on comparison appear distinct: the present is the larger insect; its hue is rather ash-colored than grey, and it wants the delicate sutural line of the elytra.

Saper. læta. Rufa: caput rufum, oculis antennisque nigris: prothorax rufus, maculis 4 dorsalibus nigris: elytra cana, margine laterali nigrâ: sternum nigrum, lanugine canâ tectum: abdomen rufum: pedes fusci, femoribus rufis. (Corp. long. ˙35 unc. lat. ˙1 unc.)

Inhabits Mexico. In the cabinet of the Entomological Club.

Saper. flammata. Nigra, lanugine nigrâ densè tecta: antennæ hirsutæ, articulorum basis tenuissimè testaceus; caput ferrugineum, oculis maculâque verticali nigris: prothorax niger, lineâ latâ laterali ferrugineâ: elytra profundè puncta, lineâ teunissimâ suturali alterâque costali ferrugineis. (Corp. long. ˙35 unc. lat. ˙1 unc.)

Inhabits North America. A specimen in the cabinet of the Entological Club, was taken by Mr. E. Doubleday at St. John's Bluff.

Saper. juncea. Fusca; antennæ corpore longiores, fuscæ articulorum omnium basis albidus; articulus apicalis totus albidus: prothorax cylindraceus, elongatus, angulis posticis valdè acutis: elytra elongata, linearia, apice obliquè truncata, puncta, punctis magnis biseriatìm dispositis, spatiis alternis paululùm elevatis: pedes breves; metatarsi elytrorum apicem nullo modo attingentes. (Corp. long. ˙45 unc. lat. ˙075 unc.)

In habits Brazil. In the cabinet of the Entomological Club.

Genus.—PHÆA, Newman.

Caput pronum; facies trigona; oculi 4, 2 rotundi, prominentes, la , 2 minores prominentes, verticales; antennæ corpore festò breviores, 10-articulatæ: prothorax inæqualis, dorso gibber, te haùd latior: elytra linearia, prothorace paullò latiora, apici rotundatis: pedes breves, femoribus simplicibus.


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