RECORD: Rookmaaker, Kees ed. 2008. Census Returns of England and Wales. Entries relating to the Darwin family for 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881 and 1891. (Darwin Online, http://darwin-online.org.uk/)

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker, edited by John van Wyhe 2008. RN1

NOTE: Images reproduced with the permission of The National Archives, Kew Richmond Surrey.


[1841]

Census of 1841

Census Returns of England and Wales. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO). Class: HO107; Piece 989; Book: 3; Civil Parish: Maer; County: Staffordshire; Enumeration District: 2; Folio:  ; Page: 1; Line: 14; GSU roll: 474620.

City or Borough of       1
Parish or Township of Maer      
Place Houses NAMES of each Person who abode there the preceding Night AGE and SEX PROFESSION, TRADE, EMPLOYMENT, or of INDEPENDENT MEANS Where born
  Uninhabited Inhabited   Males Females   Whether born in same County Whether born in England, Scotland or Foreign Part
Maer Hall   1 Josiah Wedgewood 70   Ind yes -
      Elizabeth do   75   y -
      Sarah Elizabeth do   45   y -
      Sarah Collins   35 F S y  
      Mary Harding   36   y  
      Elizabeth Martin   35   y  
      Sarah Highfield   19   y  
      Elizabeth Highfield   25 governess y  
      Ann Shatterley   20 F.S. y  
      William Birkin 25   M.S. y  
      Henry Birkin 25     y  
      Josiah Wedgewood Junior 45   Ind. y  
      Caroline do   35     N
      Charles Darwin 30       N
      Emma do   30   y  
      William Erasmus do 1       N
      Anne Elizabeth do   3     N
      Marianna Culley   25     N
      Elizabeth Harding   17   y  
      Joseph Parslow 25   M.S.   N
      George Powner 20     y  

[1851]

Census 1851

Census Returns of England and Wales. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO). Class: HO107; Piece: 1476; Folio: 240; Page: 12; GSU roll: 87799

Parish or Township of St George, Hanover Square.     12
City of Westminster      
No. of House-holder's Schedule Name of Street, Place, or Road, and Name or No. of House Name and Surname of each Person who abode in the house, on the Night of the 30th March, 1851 Relation to Head of Family Condition Age of Rank, Profession, or Occupation Where born Whether Blind, or Deaf-and-Dumb
          Males Females      
37 - 7 7 do [=Park Street] E.A. Darwin Head U.M. 47   M.M.Assistant Shrewsbury, Shrop. -
    John Griffith   do 30   Servant do -
    Emma Hund   do   32 do do -
    C.R. Darwin Visitor Married 42   M.A. Profector & Land do -

[1851]

Census 1851 for Emma Darwin, Down House

Census Returns of England and Wales. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO). Class: HO107; Piece: 1476; Folio: 240; Page: 12; GSU roll: 87799

Parish or Township of Down     5
Village of Down      
No. of House-holder's Schedule Name of Street, Place, or Road, and Name or No. of House Name and Surname of each Person who abode in the house, on the Night of the 30th March, 1851 Relation to Head of Family Condition Age of Rank, Profession, or Occupation Where born Whether Blind, or Deaf-and-Dumb
          Males Females      
16 Down Place Emma Darwin W,of Head Mar   42 Gentlewoman Staffordshire Maer -
    George H. Do Son   5     Kent, Down -
    Elizabeth Do. Daur     3   Kent, Down -
    Francis Do. Son   2     Kent, Down -
    Leonard Do. Son   1     Kent, Down  
    Joseph Parslow Serv. Mar 39   House Servant Glocestersh. Standish  
    James Pearce Serv. U 18   Footman Yorsks., Ripon  
    Jane Davies Serv. U.   44 Cook Hintsh. Hammer  
    Elisabeth Harding Serv. U.   25 Housemaid Staffordshire Maer  
    Jane Holledge Serv. U.   24 Laundry Maid Kent Brasted  
    Margaret Evans Serv. U.   19 Kitchen Maid Shropshire Edgebottom  
    Mary Cooper Serv. U.   17 Nursery Maid Staffords. Bettery  
    Sarah Young Serv. U.   15 Nursery Maid Kent, Farnboro'  

[1861]

Census 1861

Census Returns of England and Wales. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO). Source Citation: Class: RG9; Piece: 462; Folio: 74; Page: 10-11; GSU roll: 542642

Parish or Township of Down   Page 10  
City of        
No. of Schedule Road, Street, &c., and No. or Name of House Houses Name and Surname of each Person Relation to Head of Family Condition Age of Rank, Profession, or Occupation Where born Whether Blind, or Deaf-and-Dumb
    Inhabited Uninhabited (U.) or Building (B.)       Males Females      
51 Down House 1 - Charles R. Darwin Head Mar 52 M Justice of P. M.A. Author of scientific works [illegible] Shrewsbury -
        Emma D. Wife Mar   52   Maer Staffordshire -
        William E. D Son Un 21   Scholar Cambridge Snt Pancras Midsex -
        Henrette D Daur Un   17   Kent Downe -
        George H. D. Son   15 M Scholar Kent Downe  
        Elizabeth D. Daur     13 Do Kent Downe  
        Francis D. Son   12 M Do Kent Downe  
        Leonard D. Son   11 M Do Kent Downe  
        Horace D. Son   9 M Do Kent Downe  
        Emily M. Thorley Governess Un   28 Governess Congleton Cheshire  
        Georgeina Tollett Visitor Un   53 Lady Independant Berby Do  
        Elizabeth Furneval Vis Lady Md Un   24 Servant Lady Maid Bucleston Staffordshire  
        Henry Emmings Visitor Widower 51 M Retird Servt Maer Do  
        Martha Morrey Visitor Un   40 Retird Do Woore Salop  
        Joseph Parslow Servant Mar 49 M Servant Butler Stanleigh Gloucestershire  
        Samuel Jones Serv Un 25 M Coachman Llandidno Derbyshire  
        George Bridgen Serv Un 21 M Footman Hartfield Sussex  
        Margaret Evans Serv Un   29 Cook Shrewsbury Salop  
        Jane Asborne Serv Un   25 Nurse Kent Downe  
        Eliz Chapman Serv Un   35 Lady Maid Pembroke  
        Emily Asborne Serv Un   22 House Maid Kent Down  
        Anne Parslow Serv Un   19 Under Nurse Standish Gloucesterhire  
        Jane Rofey Serv Un   24 Kitchen Maid Surrey  
        William Brooks Serv Mar 59 M Gardener Kent Sevenoaks  

[1861]

Parish or Township of Down   Page 11  
City of        
No. of Schedule Road, Street, &c., and No. or Name of House Houses Name and Surname of each Person Relation to Head of Family Condition Age of Rank, Profession, or Occupation Where born Whether Blind, or Deaf-and-Dumb
    Inhabited Uninha-bited (U.) or Building (B.)       Males Females      
        Kesea Brooks wife Mar   53 Gardener Wife Kent Cudham  
        George Brooks Grand Son   4 M - London  

[1871]

Census 1871

Census Returns of England and Wales. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO). Class: RG10; Piece: 157; Folio: 81; Page: 16; GSU roll: 823298 

Parish or Township of St Marylebone      
City or Municipal Borough of Marylebone      
Municipal Ward of Portland Place      
Parliamentary Borough of Marylebone      
Town of London      
Village or Hamlet etc of        
Local Board ... of        
Ecclesiastical District of All Souls      
No. of Schedule ROAD, STREET &c, and No. or NAME of HOUSE Houses NAME and Surname of each Person RELATION to Head of Family CONDITION Age of Rank, Profession, or OCCUPATION WHERE BORN Whether Blind, or Deaf-and-Dumb
    Inhabited Uninhabited (U.) or Building (B.)       Males Females      
58 Queen Anne St No 6 1   Erasmus A. Darwin Head Unm 66   [illeg] Landowner Shropshire Shrewsbury -
        Charles R. do Brother M 62   Shareholder. Sd & J.P. do do -
        Emma do Sister in Law M   62   Staffordshire -
        Henrietta E. do Niece Unm   27   Kent Down -
        Elizabeth do Niece do   23   do do  
        Francis do Nephew do 22   Medical student B.A. do do  
        Horace do do do 19   Undergraduate Cambridge do do  
        Elizabeth Pearce Servt M   43 Servant Staffordshire Maer  
        do Squire Servt Unm   26 Cook London  
        William Petitt Servt do 24   Butler Suffolk Ashelington  
        Anne Parslow Servt do   28 Ladymaid Gloucestershire Hardenhuish  
        James Texter Servt do 24   Footman Sussex Nietley  

[1871]

Census 1871 - Down House

Census Returns of England and Wales. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO). Class: RG10; Piece: 875; Folio: 34; Page: 2-3; GSU roll: 827771.

Civil Parish or Township of Down 2    
City or Municipal Borough of        
Municipal Ward of        
Parliamentary Borough of        
Town of        
Village or Hamlet etc of Down      
Local Board ... of        
Ecclesiastical District of        
No. of Schedule ROAD, STREET &c, and No. or NAME of HOUSE Houses NAME and Surname of each Person RELATION to Head of Family CONDITION Age of Rank, Profession, or OCCUPATION WHERE BORN Whether Blind, or Deaf-and-Dumb
    Inha-bited Uninha-bited (U.) or Building (B.)       Males Females      
13 Down House 1   Joseph Parslow Servant Mar 59   Butler Gloucestershire -
        Margt Evans Do Unmar   39 House Keeper Salop Shrewsbury -
        Eliz Chapman Do Unmar   48 House Maid Pembroke -
        Sara Griffith Do Unmar   26 Kitchen Do Gloucestershire -
        Hellen Parslow Do Unmar 19   Servant do  

[1871]

Civil Parish or Township of Down 3    
City or Municipal Borough of        
Municipal Ward of        
Parliamentary Borough of        
Town of        
Village or Hamlet etc of Down      
Local Board ... of        
Ecclesiastical District of        
No. of Schedule ROAD, STREET &c, and No. or NAME of HOUSE Houses NAME and Surname of each Person RELATION to Head of Family CONDITION Age of Rank, Profession, or OCCUPATION WHERE BORN Whether Blind, or Deaf-and-Dumb
    Inhabited Uninhabited (U.) or Building (B.)       Males Females      
  Down House     Mark Ansell Servant Unm 20   Groom Cudham  

[1881]

Census 1881

Census Returns of England and Wales. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO). Class: RG11; Piece: 855; Folio: 83; Page: 1; Line:  ; GSU roll: 1341203.

Parish or Township of Down      
City or Municipal Borough of        
Municipal Ward of        
Parliamentary Borough of        
Village or Hamlet etc of Down      
Urban Sanitary District of        
Rural Sanitary District of Down      
Ecclesiastical District of Down      
No. of Schedule ROAD, STREET &c, and No. or NAME of HOUSE Houses NAME and Surname of each Person RELATION to Head of Family CONDITION Age of Rank, Profession, or OCCUPATION WHERE BORN Whether Blind, or Deaf-and-Dumb
    Inhabited Uninhabited (U.) or Building (B.)       Males Females      
2. Cudham rd. Downe House Cudham rd 1   Charles Robert Darwin Head Mar 72   M.A., L.L.D.(Cambs), F.R.S., J.P. Shropshire Shrewsbury -
        Emma do wife Mar   72   Maer, Staffordshire -
        Elizabeth do daur Mar   33   Down, Kent -
        William E. do son Unm 41   Banker, B.A.(Cantab) St Pancras, Midlesex -
        Sara do daur-law Mar   41   United States  
        George H. do son unm 35   M.A.(Cant) F.R.S. Barrister Down, Kent  
        Francis do son Widr 32   M.A. M.B. (Cant) do do  
        Bernard R.M. do grandson   4     do do  
        Herman Franke Visitor Mar 33   Music Director & Violinist Saxony Germany  
        Rose G. do Niece Mar   34   Etauria, Staffordhsire  
        Charles Wood Fox Cousin Unm 33   Barrister Hampstead, Middlesex  
        James Johnson Serv Unm 23   Footman Domestic Serv Marylebone do  
        Frederic Hill Serv Unm 20   Groom Bromley Kent  
        Margaret Evans Serv Unm   49 Cook Hedgebottom Shropshire  
        Augusta Dickson Serv Mar   44 Ladies Maid Hamburg, Germany  
        Elizabeth Bradford Serv Unm   26 Housemaid Bullbeck, Cambridgeshire  
        Harriet Irvine Serv Unm   23 Housemaid Offham, Kent  
        Mary Wilkins Serv Unm   19 Kitchenmaid Sundriger, Kent  
        Pauline Badel Serv Unm   29 Nurse Dom: Switzerland  
        Harriet Wills Visitor Unm   24 Ladies Maid Portswood, Hants  
        Leonard Darwin son Unm 31   Lieutenant Royal Engineers Down Kent  

[1891]

Census of 1891

Census Returns of England and Wales. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO). Class: RG12; Piece: 1288; Folio: 5; Page: 1; GSU roll: 6096398.

Civil Parish of Saint Giles      
Municipal Borough of Cambridge      
Municipal Ward of Cambridge      
Town or Village or Hamlet etc of Cambridge      
Sanitary District of Cambridge      
Parliamentary Borough of Cambridge      
Ecclesiastical Parish or District of St Aycles      
No. of Schedule ROAD, STREET &c, and No. or NAME of HOUSE Houses NAME and Surname of each Person RELATION to Head of Family CONDITION Age of Rank, Profession, or OCCUPATION WHERE BORN Whether Blind, or Deaf-and-Dumb
    Inhabited Uninhabited (U.) or Building (B.)       Males Females      
4 the grove 1   Emma Darwin Head Wid   82   Maer Staffordshire -
        Elizabeth do daur cs   44   Down Kent -
        Harriet E. Litchfield do cs   47   do do -
        Richard B. do son in Law M 59   Barrister. Civ. Clerk in Govt. Office Yarpole, Herefordsh -
        Hannah Bronwick   M   53 general servant Warwickshire Great-Barr.  
        Joanna Macheson   cs   33 do Scotland  
        Harriett Irvine   cs   33 do Maer Shrop  
        Elizabeth Batholomew   cs   25 do Hampshire Adeham  
                       

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Citation: John van Wyhe, editor. 2002-. The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. (http://darwin-online.org.uk/)

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