RECORD: Yorkshire Naturalists' Union, 1880. Homage to Mr. Darwin.Nature. A Weekly Illustrated Journal of Science 23 (18 November): 57.

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed by AEL Data; corrections by John van Wyhe 10.2005. RN1

[page] 57


On Wednesday, November 3, a deputation from the Yorkshire Naturalists' Union waited upon Mr. Darwin at his residence, Down, Beckenham, Kent, for the purpose of presenting him with an address expressive of admiration for his long devotion to scientific research, and appreciation of the great and important results to which his investigations have led. Prof. Williamson, F.R.S., of the Owens College, Manchester, who is the president of the Union for the current year, was prevented from accompanying the deputation by the pressure of his professorial duties. The deputation arrived at Mr. Darwin's residence about 1 p.m., and was received in a most hearty manner by the great naturalist himself, Mrs. Darwin, and other members of the family. The members of the deputation were introduced individually to Mr. Darwin by Dr. Sorby, vice-president of the Union, and then the interesting ceremony of the presentation of the address was at once proceeded with. After a few words on the work of the Union by Dr. Sorby, the address was read by Mr. Thomas Hick, B.A., B.Sc., and formally presented to Mr. Darwin by Dr. Sorby. Replying to the address, Mr. Darwin assured the deputation of his deep sense of the honour the Yorkshire Naturalists' Union had conferred upon him on that occasion, and only regretted that he had not done something more deserving of such an honour. He had no idea previously that there was so strong a body of working naturalists in Yorkshire, but was pleased to learn that such was the fact, and to find from the Transactions that had been forwarded to him that they were doing useful work. Coming from such a body, the address was all the more gratifying to him, though he still feared he hardly merited the good things that had been said of him. The address which had been presented to him he and his family would for ever treasure and preserve, and he desired to express his warmest thanks, both to the deputation and those whom they represented, for it, and for the kind and considerate manner in which everything connected with it had been arranged. Subsequently the deputation were entertained at luncheon, and having spent a short time in familiar conversation with their hospitable host and his family, took their departure amid mutual expressions of kindness and regard.

The following is the text of the Address, which is dated August last:—

To Charles Darwin, LL.D., M.A., F.R.S. &c., &c.

SIR,—The Council and Members of the Yorkshire Naturalists' Union, all of whom, with scarcely an exception, are working students of one or more of the various branches of natural history, desire to express to you in a most respectful manner, and yet with the greatest cordiality, their admiration of your life-long devotion to original scientific research and their high appreciation of the almost unparalleled success of the investigations by which you have contributed so largely to the modern development and progress of biological science.

More especially do they desire to congratulate you on the fact that your great work on the Origin of Species will come of age at an early date, and that your life has been spared long enough to enable you to see the leading principles therein enunciated accepted by most of the eminent naturalists of the day. On the conspicuous merits of that and of your other published works they need not dwell, as those merits have been recognised and admitted even by those who have dissented most strongly from the conclusions at which you have arrived. They may nevertheless be permitted to remind you that your writings have been instrumental in giving an impetus to biological and pal├Žontological inquiries which has no precedent in the history of science, except perhaps in that which followed the promulgation of the gravitation theory of Newton, and that which was due to the discovery of the circulation of the blood by Harvey.

One of the most, important results of your long-continued labours, and one for which you will be remembered with honour and reverence as long as the human intellect exerts itself in the permit of natural knowledge, is the scientific basis you have given to the grand Doctrine of Evolution. Other naturalists, as you yourself have shown, had endeavoured to unravel the questions that had arisen respecting the origin, classification, and distribution of organic beings, and had even obtained faint glimpses of the transformation of specific forms. But it was left to you to show, almost to demonstration, that the variations which species of plants and animals exhibit, and in natural selection through the struggle for existence, we have causes at once natural, universal, and elective which of themselves are competent not only to explain the existence of the present races of living beings, but also to connect with them, and with one another, the long array of extinct forms with which the pal├Žontologist has made us familiar.

Farther, the Yorkshire Naturalists are anxious to place on record their firm conviction that in the care, the patience, and the scrupulous conscientiousness with which all your researches have been conducted; in the ingenuity of the experiments you have devised; and in the repeated verifications to which your results have been submitted by your own hands, you have furnished an example of the true method of biological inquiry that succeeding generations will deem it an honour to follow, and that cannot but lead to still further conquests in the domain of organic nature.

In presenting this small tribute of their high regard and esteem, the members of the Yorkshire Naturalists' Union cannot but hope and pray that many year of happiness and usefulness may yet remain to you, and that our Science and Literature may be still further enriched with the results of your researches.

(Signed) WILLIAM C. WILLIAMSON, F.R.S., President,

H. C. SORBY, LL,D., F.R.S., Vice-President,

GEORGE BROOK, ter. F.L.S., Secretary,


and Eleven other representative Officials.

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