RECORD: Anon. 1869. [Influence of the stock on the scion]. (Forwarded by Darwin) Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette (26 June): 686.

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed and edited by John van Wyhe 9.2010. RN1

NOTE: See the record for this item in the Freeman Bibliographical Database by entering its Identifier here. See Correspondence vol. 17, p. 323, where the editors note: "[Fritz] Müller evidently enclosed a brief article from Colonie Zeitung with his letter of 14 March 1869. A translation of a portion of the article appeared in Gardeners' Chronicle, 26 June 1869, p. 686. The excerpt does not mention [Darwin] or Müller by name, but mentions that the newspaper was published at 'Santa Catharina, Brazil'. The article discussed the influence of the stock of Citrus decumana (now C. maxima, the pomelo) on the scion of an orange variety known as Laranja selecta."

[page] 686

— We do not vouch for the authenticity of the subjoined paragraph relating to the INFLUENCE of the STOCK on the SCION, and which is taken from a German newspaper (Colonie Zeitung) published at Santa Catharina, Brazil:— "With regard to the grafting of fruit trees it is generally believed that the stock exercises no altering influence over the scion in conjunction with it, but experiments made here testify to the contrary. We have raised a number of seedlings from a tree of the Laranja selecta Orange, whose spherical somewhat flattened fruit is very large and sweet, and remarkable for its thick oleaginous rind. Some of these seedlings—which bear good fruits themselves—were budded, but only two of them so treated produce similar fruits to that from which the buds were taken. The remainder differ materially from one another and from the parent, and are not recognisable as descendants of one sort. They are all distinguishable from the fruit of the original stock, especially in possessing greater sweetness and less acidity. A bud of Laranja selecta worked upon Citrus decumana produced a very peculiar fruit, of an oblong form and large size, and almost flavourless."

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Citation: John van Wyhe, ed. 2002-. The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. (

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