RECORD: Darwin, Francis. [Reading notes on Wallace, Island life]. CUL-DAR205.2.207 Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker. (Darwin Online,

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker, corrected by John van Wyhe 2.2011. RN1

NOTE: These notes are in the handwriting of Francis Darwin.

Editorial symbols used in the transcription:
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[some text] 'some text' is the conjectured reading of an ambiguous word or passage
[some text] 'some text' is a description of a word or passage that cannot be transcribed
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Text in small red font is a hyperlink or notes added by the editors.

Reproduced with the permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library and William Huxley Darwin.


Wallace Isl Life

* (see next column)

70 excellent general remarks

73 see Lyell Princ ii

79 — dispersal along mountain chains — debris forms fresh empty soil for foreign plants

480 same thing in Detail

481 Diplotaxis muralis used to only found near sea, no spread along railway embankment - & now established

482 lot of other facts showing that out plants only known at distance appear on embankments and then get killed off

Railway from Yarmouth to Caistor passes through sandy 'Denes' — here Delph ajacis1 only known 30 miles off in Cambs lived for a few years

Stellaria media Chesterton killed by grasses & carexes [Carices]

p 70 - 71 - 72 — Sea a barrier to mammals ∴ mammals used as test of where connection has existed.

storms carry leaves

— Natural rafts important [heavy] &c and we are certain they carry seeds even if do not see them

80 great antiquity of plants makes chance distribn easier to understand 

Slower readings with

1 Delphinium ajacis, commonly cultivated larkspur. KR

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Citation: John van Wyhe, editor. 2002-. The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. (

File last updated 2 July, 2012