RECORD: Darwin, C. R. 1844.02.22. Dr Falconer Feb. 22 /44/ With Anoplotherium Palæoth.  CUL-DAR205.9.184. Edited by John van Wyhe (Darwin Online,

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed by Christine Chua and edited by John van Wyhe 9.2021. RN1

NOTE: Reproduced with permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library and William Huxley Darwin.


Dr Falconer Feb. 22 /44/

With Anoplotherium Palæoth. [illeg] etc etc several crocodile & recent most peculiar Emys Tecta (like roof of house) & partially recent fresh-water shells argues against mutability of species from long persistence, false logic from Lamarck. Remarked that here we have forms from Europe, Asia & Africa united – good - Affinity with S. Africa shown also by fossil musk-deer with metacarpal bones disunited like one living species in S. Africa - This is character of Pachydermata, to which great family the musk deer also in head shows some affinity, (as does Sivatherium) - The foot of this musk deer is absolutely similar to that of the Peccary, but in Peccary (?) its two half soldered, just like Tibiae & fibula in macrauchenia. F: believes macrauchenia a ruminant


Falconer says Hippotamus not found in India

Remarked that case E. Tecta is opposed to depth & range being related. on other hand the crocodile is that species which ranges to N. S. Wales. What range in size between great Tortoise with bone so similar to common tortoise.

There are fossil Mammifers, where scarcely no vegetation lives, on Himalaya, at height of 18000 or 19000 ft?? What changes fossil recent? shells on Mount Taurus (Forbes)

—what changes!

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Citation: John van Wyhe, ed. 2002-. The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. (

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