RECORD: Darwin's 'Fish in Spirits of Wine' [Beagle animal notes] (1832-1836). CUL-DAR29.1.B1b-B20 (Darwin Online, http://darwin-online.org.uk/)

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed by Jacqueline McGlade 2004; corrected and enlarged by Kees Rookmaaker and John van Wyhe 7.2007. RN1

NOTE: This was originally copied by Syms Covington in 1838 or thereabouts. Darwin contributed corrections and additional text to the manuscript of twenty pages, kept in the Darwin Archive at the Cambridge University Library as DAR29.1.B1b-B20. The right side of 'Fish in Spirits of Wine' reproduces Darwin's field notes, while the left side mainly contains the species names resulting from Leonard Jenyns' identifications (including preliminary identifications, and names he subsequently rejected). The inside page of the front cover of 'Fish in Spirits of Wine' bears in Darwin's handwriting: '+ signifies the fish the names of which I am anxious to know'. This is a corrected and enlarged version of the transcription which appeared as Appendix I in Pauly 2004.

Editorial symbols used in the transcription:
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Text in small red font is a hyperlink or notes added by the editors.

Reproduced with permission of Daniel Pauly, the Syndics of Cambridge University Library and William Huxley Darwin.


[1]

(1

1832 Fish in Spirits of Wine

Exd 17

Porto Praya caught by hook C. de Verd Isld Serranus goriensis Val.

Exd 18.

Hab. do. vermilion, with streaks of iridiscent blue Upeneus prayensis

Exd 19.

Fish. Quail island; they bite very severely; having driven teeth through Mr Sullivans finger. Salarius atlanticus. —

Exd 20.

Do Salarius Atlant. Do Porto Praya C. Verd Islds

Exd 21

Do Do Salarius vomerinus F Cuv & Vals

Exd 43 + + Serranus aspersus Jen.

Fish, dark greenish, black above, beneath lighter, sides marked with light emerald green tips of anal, caudal, and hinder parts of dorsal tipped saffron yellow. Tip of pectorals orpiment orange Jany 25th Quail Is

Exd 44

45

46

Fish Do Do

Blennius parvicornis

Stegastes imbricatus

Muraena

114

Sucking fish Echeneis Remora off a shark near St Pauls.

126

Fishes.

St Jago. Feb. and March.

+ 132

Diodon antennalus ? U P: 22 Bahia Do

137

Fish. Do Do (Thrown away : bad)

138

Fish (Syngnathus crinitus, Jen.) Do Do

147. 149

Fish caught on the 2d of March Lat. 14˚ 20' S. Long 38˚ 8' West. About 65 miles from land; became of a pinker colour from spirits of wine (Balistes vetula. B1. Young)

154

Fish. (very small) Lat 17. 12. S. Long 36. 33W.

156.-157

Psenis. Fish. In the above Latitude and Longitude, caught two specimens of a fish; belly silvery white, mottled with brownish black, side blueish with dusky greenish markings. Ins yellow with dark blue pupil. Caudal fin with a pink tinge: these fish were 120 miles from the nearest land above water namely Abrothos; but the shoals are considerably nearer.

Exd. 79

Fish, salt water lake. Lagoa de Boacica. April. genus Gala, Cuv. & Val. ? Rio de Janeiro

[2]

[3]

     

(2

1832 Fish in Spirits of Wine

Rio de Janeiro

180

Pimelodus gracilis, D'Orb.1

 

Exd 180

Fish. Running block. Socēgo? Not common; pectoral fin causes painful pricks. April

181 & 182

These were probably the Pimelodus exsudans, Jen. — a h.d. of wh. two specimens were found in the collections without labels. — Tetragonopterus taeniatus

 

181 182

Another specimen from same site. Ditto Ditto Ditto

Nos 195, 210, & 228 — Are the same Poecilia unimaculata, Val

 

Exd 195

Exd 210

Exd 228

Fresh water fish, in great numbers in a small ditch. Rio de Janeiro. April Fish out of a salt lagoon in great numbers, precisely the same as (195) those taken in fresh water. Do Do May Fish, same as (195) Fresh water Do Do

269

Prionotus punctatus.

 

269

Fish, swimming on surface. Rio bay. above and sides olive brown with red spots and marks, beneath silvery white; edges of pectoral fin Prussian blue, emitted a sound like a croak Do Do June

288

Tetragonopterus scabripinnis, Jen. & N.S.

 

288

Fish fresh water, same as (195) Do Do

301

Gymnothorax ocellatus Spix. & Agass2

 

301

Fish. Rio Harbour. Do Do

     

309

Fish Do Do Do

     

334

Fish, little pools near the river Monte Video, August.

347.

Percophis Brazilianus

 

347

Fish. Coast of Patagonia. Lat 38°S. 20'. August 26th 14 fathom, caught by hook and line Above pale, regularly and symmetrically marked with brownish red (by the tip of each scale being so coloured). Beneath silvery white; side with faint coppery tinge; ventral fins yellowish. Pupil of eye intense black. When cooked was good eating.

348

Plectropoma patachonica, Jen

 

348

Fish. Hab same as last. Many specimens exceeded a foot in length Above aureous – coppery; with wave like lines of dark brown, these often collect into 4 or 5 transverse bands, fins leaden

1 Val. In D'Orb. Voy. Dans l'Amer. Merid. Al. Lehth. [?] Pl.2. Fig. 5 and Cuv. Et Val. Hist. des Poiss. Tom. xv. p. 134.) [Fishes] (D'Orbigny)

2 Spix et A Pisces Brazil. p. 91 tab. 50b.

[4]

[5]

     

(3

1832 Fish in Spirits of Wine

       

colour, beneath obscure; pupil dark blue, when caught vomited up small fish and a Pilumniis. Mr Earle states these fish are plentiful at Tristan da Acũnha, where it is called the Devils fish; from the bands being supposed the marks of the Devils fingers. Was tough for eating, but good. This sort was taken in very great numbers. Coast of Patagonia. August.

354

Pinguipes fasciatus, Jen.

 

Exd 354

Fish. Hab. same as last. Above pale chestnut brown so arranged as to form transverse bands on sides; sides, head, fins, with a black tinge; beneath irregularly white; under lip, pink; Eyes with pupil black, with yellow ris. From Do

358

Plectropoma Patachonica, Jen.

 

Exd 358

Fish. Hab. same as (347) Colour above salmon coloured. Do

359

Great shark (bad?)

 

359

Squalus. August 28th. Lat 38°S. 25' South. Soundings 14 fathoms. Caught by a hook a specimen of genus Squalus; Body "blueish grey"; above with rather blacker tinge; beneath much whiter; Its eye was the most beautiful thing I ever saw, pupil pale "verdegris green" but with lustre of a jewel, appearing like a Sapphire or Beryl. Iris pearly edge dark. Sclerotica pearly; In stomach was remains of large fish. In the uterus, the young ones for a long time after the viscera were opened continued to move; good specimen for dissecting Do Do

367

Atherina incisa, Jen N.S1

 

Exd 367

Fish. Lat. 39 Long 61 W. Body semitransparent, colourless; with a bright silver band on each side; also d˚ marked about the head; taken some miles from the land. Sept

1 This entry is not visible on the microfilm.

[6]

[7]

     

(4

1832 Fish in Spirits of Wine

— Bahia Blanco. Sept

371

Clupea arcuata, Jen. NS.

 

371

Fish. Body silvery, excepting back greenish blue.

390

(underneath another sp. Clupea?) Clupea (Alosa) pectinata, Jen. N.S

 

390, 391, 392, 394

Fish

     

390

Fish. Caught on a sand bank in the net: body silvery, dorsal scales iridescent with green and copper; head greenish; tail yellow.

     

391

Fish. Body pale, darker above: band on sides: common — broad. Silvery This is probably the old fish of the small ones (367) taken at sea.

392

Umbrina arenata, C.&V.

 

392

Fish. Body mottled, with silver and green; dorsal and caudal fins lead colour; common.

393

Mugil Liza? C.&V. Dried, & in bad condit. (thrown away.)

 

393

Fish. Back coloured like Labrador feldspar; iris coppery; plentiful.

394

Platessa P. Orbignyana, Val.

 

394

Fish. Above dirty reddish brown; beneath faint "blue". iris "yellow"; plentiful.

395

Rhombus — ? Dry & hard

 

395

Fish. Above pale purplish brown, with rounded darker Markings.

396

Young Ray — (bad)

 

396

Fish Hab. Do

402

Batrachus porosissimus, Val.?

 

402

Fish. Cast up on the beach. Above purple – coppery; sides pearly; beneath yellowish with silver dots in regular figures; iris coppery; not uncommon.

415

Young Shark (bad)

 

415

Squalus. (very small specimen)

416

Clupea arcuata, Jen. N.S.

 

416

Fish; back blue, belly silvery.

431

Great Conger? Eel at Society (bad)

 

431

Fish; above reddish lead colour

     

— October B.Blanca

449

Paropsis signata, Jen. (N. Gen)

 

449

Fish, uniform bright silvery, ridge of back blueish; black patch on gill-cover, and another under pectoral fin.

450

Same as 390 – Dry & bad

 

450

Fish; scales silvery indescent, back especially greenish; caudal fins yellow; remarkable from circular dark green patch behind gill cover.

[8]

[9]

     

(5

1832 Fish in Spirits of Wine

M. Video. November

458

459

Corvina adusta, Agaz. Dry

Mugil Liza? Dry & bad.

 

458. 459.

Fish. Monte. Video. Octob.r 29th.

     

465.466.

Fish. M. Video

     

467.

Fish do

470

Lebias multidentata. Jen. N.S.

 

470.

Fish. Fresh Water do

479

UnknDry and in bad order

 

479.

Fish. San Blas,. From the Schooners, coast of Patagonia.

480.

Achirus (Plagusia) ? Dry & in bad state. —

 

480

Fish Do

       

Tierra del Fuego

     

494

Fish. In coral. 35 fathoms, about 30 miles off. Northern Tierra del Fuego. Dec.r 16th Lat. 53.S. Head coloured purple (colour abruptly truncate posteriorly) with a white line over the nose, belly purplish; rest of body dirty yellow.

     

504.

Fish, very common in the Kelp. Coppery orange, with dark transverse markings; pectorals and verticals reddish orange.

     

1833

     

505.

Squalus. Goree Sound: same Hab. as last. Above, with white and dark spots and transverse marks; [erased word] breast, and pectoral and ventral fins clouded with scarlet red. Jan. 7.

     

511.

Fish, with irregular bands of pale "reddish brown"; the pale parts with a most beautiful metallic violet coloured glitter along the sides. Grows to be one foot long. Jany

     

513.

Fish. dusky orange red, above obscure. Kelp.

     

514.

Fish. coppery orange above obscure, common in the Kelp.

     

+ names of genera?

Fish. 504. 514. 520. And others form chief subsistence to the Fuegians. Do

515

Myxine australis, Jen.

 

515

Fish. (Cyclostomes?) Caught by hook amongst the Kelp. Goree Sound and other parts of Tierra del Fuego.

     

Myximus

Above coloured like an earth worm but more leaden; beneath yellowish and head purplish; very vivacious

[10]

[11]

     

(6

1833 Fish in Spirits of Wine

— Goree Sound Jany Tierra del Fuego

       

and retained its life for a long. Had great powers of twisting itself and could swim tail first; when irritated struck at any object with its teeth; and by protruding them, in its manner, much resembled an adder striking with its fangs. Head most curiously ornamented with tentacles; vomited up a sipunculus. When caught. This fish is abundant amongst the rocky islets, having found one on the beach nearly dead. I observed a milky fluid transcending through the row of internal pores or orifices. It would appear to be Myxinidus.

     

516.

Fish. Do

     

517.

Fish. Above curiously marked with reddish purple, grey, and black.

     

519

Fish. Uniform yellow.

     

520.

Fish. Anal and ventral fins black. Pectoral orange; three orange stripes on the sides. All these fish caught by hook in the Kelp.

     

523.

Fish. Colour "crimson red". Kelp.

     

524. 525.

Fish. Caught in Kelp.

526.

Aplochiton taeniatus. Jen. N.S.

 

526.

Fish. (3 specimens) these were caught in the mouth of a fresh water stream; when the water was quite fresh upon being placed in salt water: they immediately died.

       

Tierra del Fuego

     

531.

Fish. Beagle Channel – Tierra del Fuego

     

535.

Fish. Abdomen with a fine red.

536.

Mesites alpinus, Jen. N.S.

 

536.

Fish. Alpine fresh water fish in lake; Hardy. Peninsula.

         

[12]

[13]

     

(7

1833 Fish in Spirits of Wine

Tierra del Fuego.

       

N.B. In the same cask, as the Skate there is a Gadus, caught in Good Success Bay and common about Cape Fairweather; it leaves the coast in March.

     

538.

Skate, two specimens both sexes Good-Success Bay. Colour "broccoli brown" and marked (like binding of book) with rings and lines of chocolate red. Iris silvery grey upper part depending fringed, sometimes almost concealing the pupil.

     

542.

Fish. In pools left by the tide.

543.

Mesites maculatus, Jen. N.S

 

543.

Fish, fresh water brook. Hardy Peninsula.

     

546.

Merlus; caught in Good Success Bay, by hook and line; colours reddish brown and white variously marked. Eye with singular fleshy appendage; to the fish are sewn another pair from another specimen. March

     

549. 550.

Fish. On the rocks on coast Good Success Bay. March.

553, 4, 5.

Aplochiton Zebra. Jen. N.S (three specs.)

 

553. 554. 555 +

Fish from fresh water lake (Silurus?); dull leaden colour; good eating grow about as half as large again; common; Falkland Islands. This lake is not far from the sea, and connected by a brook

       

____________________________

       

— Falkland Island. March.

     

558.

Fish; under stones; sea coast.

     

562.

Fish (two species). Rocks. Sea coast.

     

578.579.580.581

Small rocky pools; at low water.

     

592.

Fish, fresh water, embourchure of brook.

598

Phucocoetes latitans, N.S

 

598. 599.

Fish. Caught amongst Kelp.

     

636.

Fish. Hab. same as (634) Fresh water brook Maldonado. May. Rio Plata

[14]

[15]

     

1833

(8

Fish in Spirits of Wine

Maldonado

660

Chronis faxitus, Jen.

 

Exd 660.

Fish, fresh water lake. Maldonado May. Lake left dry by breaking of bank; Lake sometimes a little brackish; above greenish black sides paler, Slightly indescent.

       

June. Maldonado

661.

Hydrocyon Hepsetus —

 

661.

Fish. Fresh water lake; blueish silvery.

No. 669. *

Poecilia decem-maculata. Jen. N.S. — (2). Lebias lineata , Jen. N.S. – (3) Tetragonopterus interruptus, Jen. N.S

 

669.

Five species of fish from a lake which was suddenly drained. The fish with beard I have seen 8 or 9 inches long * The smallest fish with black spots on side I think is full grown — I have taken them so repeatedly in brooks &c of the same size.

     

692.

Fish.

       

May and June Maldonado

692.

Percophis brasilianus

 

Exd 692.

Fish. Mottled with red, beneath beautiful white; common, good eating.

693

Atherina argentinensis? Cuv & Val.

 

Exd 693.

Fish, silvery, with silver lateral band, above blueish grey; very common, (also in brackish water.)

694.

Otolithus Guatucupa, Cuv & Val. —

 

Exd 694.

Fish, silvery white, above indescent with violet purple and blue.

695.

Corvina adusta, Agaz.

 

Exd 695.

Fish. Above more coppery, with irregular transverse bars of brown; beautifully indescent with violet. June.

696.

Dules auriga, Cuv.

 

Exd 696.

Fish. Sides with numerous waving longitudinal lines of brownish red; intermediate species greenish — silvery, so figured as to look mottled; head marked with lines of dull red & green; ventral, and anal fins coloured dark greenish blue.

     

NB

The above five fish Maldonado Bay. June.

714

Umbrina arenata, Cuv. & Val. .

 

(a) 710

Exd 714

Fish. Colour blueish silvery, fins, darker Maldonado. June

723.

Diodon rivulatus, Cuv. End

 

723

Diodon. Picked up on shore of R. Plata. Maldonado

[16]

[17]

     

(9

1833 Fish in Spirits of Wine

Exd. (a) 710. Plectropoma Patachonia, Jen. N.S. caught in 40 fathoms of water off the mouth of the R. Plata. —

     

739.

[name deleted] Achirus lineatus, D'Orbig.

 

738 to 745.

Fish bought in market of Buenes Ayres and all edible

     

741.

X

Is a fish excessively abundant high up the Rio Parana. In like manner is (745) the Armado. This fish is peculiar by the very loud harsh grating noise which it can make, heard even before hauled out of water. Is able to seize very firm hold of any object with the serated pectoral bones and dorsal fins.

     

746.

Fish. High up the Parana, near Rozario, not very abundant. (July) Upper part of body with its fins with tint of yellow, but stronger on the head, with dorsal clouds of black, tip of tail black. Beneath silvery white, pupil black, iris white, usual size sometimes larger.

747.

Tetragonopterus Abramis. Jen. NS.

 

747.

Fish same locality. Caught in October in the Rio Parana as high as Rozario. The four first fish 747: 48: 49: 50 are the commonest of the river fry. Back blueish silvery, with silver band on side, blueish black spot behind the Branchiae. Fins pale orange, tail with central band black. Do

748

Tetragonopterus rutilus, Jen. NS

 

748.

Fish. Back indescent greenish brown,,, silver band on side. Fins dirty orange, tail with central black band, above and below bright red and orange. Do

     

749

Fish. Silvery; eyes fine black, Hab peculiar form of belly; grows to twice the size of this specimen. Hab Do

     

750.

Fish. Called salmon grows to one or two feet long. Above blueish gradually shading down, on sides; fins tipped with fine red, especially the tail, which latter organ has central black band. Hab Do

[18]

[19]

     

(10

1833 Fish in Spirits of Wine

 

P St Julian & Port Desire Central Patagonia

Port Famine Tierra del Fuego

 

751.

Fish. Jar with the latter and B. Ayres fish also a Cod and one sex of a Ray from Good Success Bay Tierra del Fuego.

     

775.

Fish, in rocky pools of salt water — Beneath dirty white; back with dive brown darker in the middle. Port Desire. Jan 1834

776

Aphritis porosus, Jen. NS.

 

776.

Fish, left among the mud banks. D˚

     

Exd 785.

Fish, rocky pools: Port St Julian. D˚

788

Stromateus maculatus, Cuv. & Val.? In bad condition & thrown away

 

788.

Fish, whole body silvery, upper part of back irridescent blue, lower greenish, spotted with coppery — lead, circular patches; common size. Do

     

789.

Fish, back blackish; centre of each scale greenish white; reaches to one and two feet long. P. St Julian. At Port Famine one was 2ft 4inch in length. A Pescado del Rey was there likewise 20 inches long and wonderfully numerous.

     

791.

Small fish. P. St Julian D˚

     

818.

Fish, above coppery yellow with 5 or 6 transverse brown bands; caught by hook and line. Port Famine.

     

819.

Dog fish yellowish brown clouded with "cochineal red". P. Famine.

     

829.

Fish pale yellowish brown, with figure of S (or muscles) on sides pale coppery; about mouth bronchial covering tips of pectorals and ventrals, reddish orange; caught by hook, uncommon. Do

     

835.

Fish. Hab. as S of C. Penas east coast of T. del Fuego beautifully silvery with raised lateral line; upper part of back, pale most beautiful auricular purple Straits of Megellan.

[20]

[21]

     

(11

1834 Fish in Spirits of Wine

Tierra del Fuego. Feb.

838.

Clupea Fuegensis, Jen.

 

838.

Fish. Caught at night. 2 miles from shore. Cape Ines. 19th 13 fathoms

     

840.

Dog-fish. Colour pale "Lavender purple", with cupreous gloss, sides silvery do , above with irregular quadruple chain of circular and oblong snow white spots tip of dorsal and caudal blackish under part of caudal reddish, iris pearly white. Length of old specimen tip to tip 2 feet 3 inches. breadth from tip of pectoral to tip of other 8 inches. Young specimen out of belly; with it is posterior spine of old specimen.

     

847.

Fish, above greenish black, beneath yellowish white, sides indescent where the dark back shades away. N.B. bought of and cleaned by the Fuegians — Kelp fish – East entrance of Beagle Channel.

     

848.

Fish. Pectorals. Ventrals red orange; anal caudal dorsal blackish; back and sides mottled, reddish and greenish, & blackish &: on kelp. East entrance of Beagle Channel.

     

849.

Fish. Pectoral. Dorsal and Caudal. Tile and vermilion red side of head. 4 or 5 very irregular rows do colour. Anal ventral and Branchial covering dark blue black. (March) Hab. as above

866.

   

866.

Fish; very active; roots of Fucus. Hab: Do Sides transverse bars of "chocolate and brownish red" separated by narrow grey spaces.

870

Conger punctulatus punctus, Jen. NS. —

 

870.

Fish. Hab: D˚ (Young of 866)

     

876.

Kelp Fish. Back mottled with dirty red and green; fins with orange eyes coppery. Beagle Channel.

[22]

[23]

     

(12

Tierra del Fuego

     

1834 Fish in Spirits of Wine. March

     

877.

Gadus. Back "yellowish and chestnut brown" dorsal fins "Silver brown." Tierra del Fuego.

     

882.

Dog-fish; upper part coppery Brownish purple and Cochineal red with small white: Hab do spots and large blackish ones: Ponsonby Sound.

     

883.

Kelp. Fish. Hab: D˚ Mottled with orange: Pectoral and part of caudal d˚ colour; anal ventral, Dorsal blackish green.

       

____________________________________________

       

E. Falkland Island. March.

     

896, 897, 898

Fish roots of Kelp. Berkeley Sound

     

905.

Fish. General colour "Gallstone and honey yellow" browner on the back.

     

906.

Fish. More brown on back; same general colour as above; with small irregular patches on sides of body, head and branchial covering, of pale silvery blue.

     

907.

Fish d˚ Pectoral. Ventral and Caudal fins mottled with orange; body with brown blade; much more tenacious of life than latter two; all caught in kelp.

       

____________________________________________

       

Santa Cruz. May Patagonia

947.

Perca laevis, Jen. NS.

 

Exd 947.

Fish found dead high up river of S. Cruz; pale yellowish brown, with black mottlings

952.

Mesites maculatus, Jen. N. Gen.

 

952.

Fish, numerous in streamlets and creeks high up river; pale greenish brown with small irregular transverse bars of black, belly snow white.

957.

One of the Gadidae; but in very bad condition, & thrown away

 

957.

Fish found dead on beach. Cape Virgins. Saw many skeletons in astuary of S. Cruz.

1002.

Cheilio ramosus, Jen. NS.?

 

Exd 1002

Fish. Said to come from the Japan Sea. a whaler. Chiloe. July.

     

1007.

Fish. Above dirty gallstone and honey yellow posterior half of the body becoming reddish, while spots on the side and smaller ones above head. Valparaiso. July.

[24]

[25]

     

(13

1834. Fish in Spirits of Wine

Valparariso Valparaiso. July 25th

     
     

1008

(Fish bought in Market.) Above blackish grey, indistinct bands of d˚ on sides; beneath white. Are found 3 or 4 times as large.

     

1009.

A uniform pale greenish tinge, most thickly mottled with greenish black.

     

1010

Uniform pale flesh colour (especially beneath) mottled with deep reddish brown and transverse dorsal bands of d˚; Branchial covering yellowish. Inferior edge of Pectoral pink.

1011.

Heliases crusma, Cuv. & Val.

 

Exd 1011

Above leaden colour, beneath paler; grows considerably larger.

1012

Pinguipes chilensis, Val.

 

Exd 1012

D˚ D˚ fins dark

     

1013.

D˚ slightly iridescent d˚ grow to 2 or 3 times this size.

1014

Sebastes oculata, Val? (Dried & in bad order)

 

1014

Under surface. Sides; Branchial covering part of fins, "Tile and carmine red", dorsal scales pale yellowish dirty brown.

     

1015

Uniform tinge pale dirty yellow with numerous angular spots of black. Above clouded with pale brown. Ventral and tips of pectoral and anal "reddish orange". Common size.

     

1016.

Sides "Cochineal red mixed with grey", an indescribable tint, belly strongly tipped with yellow, fins pale "blackish green", posterior half of body with numerous small scarlet dots.

1017

Latilus jugularis, Cuv. & Val. (Gony.)

 

Exd 1017

Beneath brilliant white; head and back clouded with "purplish and carmine red" longitudinal and transverse irregular bands of D˚

     

1018.

Whole body silvery, back and fins with few clouds of leaden colour. Grows to 3 or 4 feet long. All the above bought in Market.

[26]

[27]

     

(14

1834 Fish in Spirits of Wine

Valparaiso. August.

     

1026.

Fish. Above "wood & yellow brown" with white and dark brown spots, grows more than a foot long. July.

1056.

Atherina microlepidota, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1056

Fresh water fish.

     

1066.

D˚ D˚ (Most extraordinary) Tadpole!!

1075.

Syngnathus acicularis, Jen. N.S

 

1075.

Fish. The two last Sept & Octobr

     

Archipelago of Chiloe. Novr & Decr

     

1077.

Fish. Island of Lemuy Octobr

1080

Ilucoetes fimbriatus, Jen. N.S

 

1080

Blennius, under stones

1081

Gobiesox marmoratus, Jen. N.S

 

1081

Sucking fish D˚

     

1083

Fish.

     

1116

Fish tidal rocks Island of Incho North part of Cape

     

Tres Montes Decr

1123

Agriopus hispidus, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1123

Fish Hab. same as (1122) caught in middle of cove. Coloured pale "reddish orange" with black spots on the fins, and a dusky shade on back; strange appeare with its bony face. D˚

       

Chonus Archipelago Jan 1835 (South of Chiloe)

1138

Aphritis undulatus, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1138

Two sorts of marine fish. Lowes Harbour

1139

Gobius ophicephalus, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1139

Fish tidal pool; pale lead-colour coarsely reticulated with brown d˚

     

1141

Fish; silvery, bright, back blue. Lowes Harbour.

     

Chiloe Jan.

     

1145

Caboza del Cavallo. Fish same as at Chonos.

1146

Stromateus maculatus, Cuv. & Val. ?

 

1146

Fish. Silvery, blue above with regular circular leaden spots.

     

1147

Fish. All silvery

     

1148.

d˚ Above with fine tint of purple.

     

1149

d˚ Mottled reddish above, beneath white.

     

1150

D˚ D˚

     

1151

d˚ Silvery, irregular leaden coloured marks

1153

Aspidophorus chiloensis

 

Exd 1153

D˚ Above dusky

[28]

[29]

     

(15

1835 Fish in Spirits of Wine

Chiloe Jan.

1154

Syngnathus — ? — In very bad condition, & thrown away. —

 

1154

Fish

     

1161

D˚ under stones on sea beach. Chanques Isd

     

1188

Fish. disc of body yellowish brown with minute spots. 4 transverse bands in front part and superior convex edge, most beautiful Cobalt blue; gody generally dark and yellowish brown — Coast of Chili

1202

Blennechis fasciatus, Jen. N.S.

 

Exd 1201

Fish & 1202 Marine Concepcion Chile

1204

Clinus crinitus, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1204

Fish Coquimbo d˚

1211

Blennechis ornatus, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1211

Fish &c &c D˚

     

1215

Sucking fish. R. Maule Chili

1218, & 1220

Umbrina ophicephala, Jen. N.S (Bad)

 

1216 to 1222

Fish. Coquimbo

1229

Engraulis ringens, Jen. N.S

 

1229

Fish Iquique Peru

1232

Exocoetus exsiliens, Bl.

 

1232

Flying fish Lat 18˚S. July

       

       

— Lima San Lorenzo July —

1238

Unkn. Dry & in bad order —

 

1238.

Fish dull lead colour. with pale transverse bands. Pectoral ventral annual caudal fins pale vermilion.

     

1239

Fish dull coloured blue with numerous red spots like a trout. Pectoral and caudal orange.

     

1240

Fish,pale greyish blue. with blacks specks and clouds of d˚. tips of fins pinkish.

     

1241. 1242

Small silvery fish.

1244

One of Siluridae — very bad & thrown away

 

1244

Fish back indescent green, belly white. all Fins and Barbillons reddish purple.

     

1246

Fish, above nearly black.

     

1251. 1252. 1253

Fish. D˚

1251

Clupea sagax;? Jen., N.S

 

1254. 1255

D˚ D˚

     

1258

Fish Coquimbo

1260

Otolithus angusticeps, Jen. N.S

 

1260

D˚ Callao

     

1261

D˚ D˚

[30]

[31]

     

(16

1835 Fish in Spirits of Wine

Sept— Galapagos. Chatham Island

1265

Tetrodon angusticeps, Jen. N.S

 

1265

Fish. above dull green, base of Pectorals and Dorsal black, a white patch beneath the Pectorals, inflatable.

1266

Pristipoma cantharhinum, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1266

Fish. Blueish silvery.

1267

Prionotus ruber miles? Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1267

Fish. Beneath silvery white, above mottled brilliant "Tile red"

1268

Latilus princeps, Jen. N.S

 

1268

Fish. Above and fins obscure greenish; sides obscure coppery, passing in belly into Salmon colour. Pectoral fins edged with dull blue. Iris yellowish brown, pupil black blue.

1269

Cossyphus Darwini, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1269

Fish. Centre of each scale pale "vermilion red". Lower jaw quite white, large irregular patch above the pectorals bright yellow. Iris red, pupil blue black.

1273

Serranus labriformis, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1273

Fish. Mottled brown-yellow, black and white upper and lower edge of tail, edges of ventral and dorsal (and purplish red)

1274

Chrysophrys taurina, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1274.

Fish. White with four dark brown much interrupted bands giving mottled appearance, d˚ coloured about head, top of d˚, ridge of back, edges of dorsal, tail, and ventral fins, tinted with fine Azure blue.

1275

Serranus Galapegensis, olfax , Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1275.

Fish common large mottled brown fish

1282, 3

Scorpaena histrio, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1282, 1283

D˚ Whole body scarlet red, fins rather paler; small irregularly shaped light black spots; very extraordinary; are they distinct?

1284

Prionodes fasciatus, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1284

Fish, pale yellowish brown, with numerous transverse bars of which upper part reddish black; lower "vermilion red", gill covers head, and fins tinted with d˚. Fish

1286

Muraena lentiginosa (Same as 1299.)

 

1286

Eel, tidal pools, colour dark reddish purple brown, with pale, or whiteish brown spots, eyes blueish.

[32]

[33]

     

(17

1835 Fish in Spirits of Wine

Sept— Galapagos. Chatham Island

1287

1288

Gobius lineatus, Jen. N.S.

Gobiesox poecilophthalmos, Jen.

 

Exd 1287, 1288

Fish, tidal pools

1293

Tetrodon annulatus, JenN.S

 

1293.

Diodon, Beneath snow white, above dark brownish black; this colour is placed in broad rings one within the other on the back, so that on the side they form oblique ones which point both ways: whole upper surface spotted with darker black circular spots. Pectoral and dorsal fins yellowish brown; Iris inner edge clouded with orange. Pupil dark green — blue — made a loud grating noise.

     

Charles Island

1299

Muraena lentiginosa, Jen. N.S

 

1299

Fish, fine dark purplish brown with yellow circular spots.

1302

Pristipoma cantharhinum, Jen. (Young)

 

Exd. 1302

Fish silvery above, shaded with brown and indescent with blue; fins and iris sometimes edged with blackish brown. Flap of gill cover edged with black.

1304

Serranus albomaculatus, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1304

Fish vary varies much in colour. Above pale blackish green, belly white; Fins, gills covers and part of sides dirty reddish orange; on side of back 6 or 7 good-sized snow white spots, not very regular outline. In some specimens, the blackish green above becomes dark & is separated by a straight line from the paler under parts; Again other specimen coloured dirty reddish orange and gallstone yellowCD upper parts only rather darker, but in all white spots clear. (5 or 6 in one row and one placed above). Sometimes fins banded with orange and the black green, length ways.

     

Otahiti Novr

1317

Acanthurus humeralis Cuv. & Val. Exd

 

Exd. 1317

Fish. Splendid verditer blue and green.

1318

1319

1320

Scarus lepidus Jen. N.S /

Scarus globiceps, C.&V

Upeneus trifasciatus

 

Exd. 1318, 1319

Exd 1320

Fish

[34]

[35]

     

(18

1835 Fish in Spirits of Wine

Otahiti Novr

1321

Caranx torvus, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1321

Fish.

     

1324.

Extraordinary Fish

1325, 1326

Ostracion meleagris, Shaw

 

1325 1326

Fish

1327

1328

Muraena

Syngnathus conspicillatus, Jen

 

1327. 1328

1329

Balistes aculeatus, Bl. —

 

1329

1330, 1331

Dules leuciscus, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1330 1331

Fresh water Fish

     

Bay of Islands N. Zealand Decemb.

     

1335.

Fresh water Fish

1337

Anguilla australis, Rich. bad spec.

 

1337

Fresh water Eel

1339

1340

Eleotris gobioides, Val

Mesites attenuatus, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1339 1340

F.water Fish

1341

Trigla kumu, Less et Garn.

 

Exd 1341

Fish whole body bright red

1343

Tripterygion capito, Jen. N.S

 

Exd 1343

Fish. Tidal rocks

1344

Acanthoclinus fuscus, Jen. New gen.

 

Exd 1344

D˚ D˚

     

1345

D˚ D˚

     

King Georges Sound March 1836 "New Holland"

Exd 1371 Arcipis gingianus

[Exd] 1372 Helotus gunestus

[Exd] 1368 Platycephalus levitatus ?

[Exd] 1374 Caranx declivis

[Exd] 1365, 1366 Caranx georgianus

Exd 1369 Unkn. Dry

Exd 1386 N.Gen. of Leut ? Dry

 

1365 to 1386 Various fish caught by net in Princess Royal Harbour.

     

1389

Skate, above muddy cream colour.

     

1390

Fish above varied dull green, with pale D˚, beneath snow white.

1391

New Genus? of Loucate. Dry & in bad order —

 

1391

Fish, pale copperish brown, with water marks of a fine darker brown.

No. 1392

Aleuteres velutinus, Jen. N.S.

 

1392

Fish, very pale brown, fins pale orange.

No. 1393

Aleuteres maculosus, Richardson. — ?

 

1393

Fish, mottled with pale blackish green, leaning white spots

     

1394

Fish. Sides fine dark green, and pale silvery green, fins tipped with red. Iris fine green, handsome, fish.

     

1395

 
     

1402

 
     

1407

 

[36]

[37]

     

(19

1836 Fish in Spirits of Wine

       

black face from snout to behind the head jet black, throat white. Colours imperfectly described.

     

1408

Fish, whole body most beautiful "Verditer blue", said to eat Coral; common on the outside reefs in small shoals.

     

1409.

Eel; cream coloured with rows of large black rings, which send off coarse reticulation of the same colour, a very fierce fish; immediately on seeing any person opens its mouth and will even spring out of water; is very strong, and has great power in its jaws: lives on Crabs, the hard and large shells of which are broken with ease: frequents very shallow places.

     

1410.

Fish, dirty white, with 3 longitudinal bans of pink and some transverse lines on its sides.

1412.

1413.

1414.

Acanthurus triostegus,

Opatodon setifer, Bl.

 

1412. 1413. 1414

Fish, Coral reefs.

1420.

Tetrodon implulus, Jen. N.S.

 

1420.

Fish; dirt metallic olive green, with white circular spots, belly white with streaks of same colour with back:

1423.

Seriola bipinnulata, Qu.& Gaim.

 

1423

Fish, Band on side "Azure blue" above a duller greenish blue, beneath two greenish metallic stripes: lower half of body snow white.

1424

Searus chlorodon, Jen. N.S.

 

1424

Fish, fine Verditer blue, with some yellow stripes about head and fins.

     

1425.

Fish, most beautiful silvery white, dorsal fins blueish, upper part of body with a beautiful shade of "siskin green", on mid side a row of few irregular spots of "gamboge yellow", eye jet black.

     

1427.

Fish, beautiful white, with a yellow tinge on back, on each side four bands of a pale blueish green: the edges of these being darkest, gives the appearance of having been ruted.

1429

Salarias quadricornis ? Cuv. & Val.

 

1429.

Fish, with dull red transverse lines.

[38]

[39]

     

(20

1836 Fish in Spirits of Wine

1430

Scarus — ? —

 

Exd 1430.

Fish, body dull reddish and greenish colours blended and mottled; fins banded lengthway with "Vermilion Red", head with waving bright green lines.

1431.

Chaetodon setifer, Bl.

 

Exd 1431.

Fish, body pale with narrow dark straight lines, which form network; across eye, black eband, posterior half of body bright orange, upper part of prolongation of dorsal fin edged with black, and round patch of do.

1432.

Gerres Oyena, Cuv. & Val. ?

 

Exd 1432.

Fish, White, silvery.

1433.

Dracipe marginata, Cuv.

 

Exd 1433.

Do. Upper part pale lead colour, pectoral fins yellow, ventral and anal orange: sides very pale yellow.

     

1439.

Fish, coloured in circles red, white and dull brown.

1440

Mugil — ? Dry & in bad condition. —

 

1440.

Dull silvery fish.

1441

Apercus flavo-lineatus.

 

Exd 1441.

Do. with yellow stripe on side

       

Mauritius. May.

     

1449.

Fish.

         

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Citation: John van Wyhe, editor. 2002-. The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. (http://darwin-online.org.uk/)

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