RECORD: Darwin, C. R. On the Banda Oriental side near to the dos Hermanas. (nd) CUL-DAR42.140 Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker, edited by John van Wyhe (Darwin Online, http://darwin-online.org.uk/)

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker, corrections and editing by John van Wyhe 3.2011. RN1

NOTE: Editorial symbols used in the transcription:
[some text] 'some text' is an editorial insertion
[some text] 'some text' is the conjectured reading of an ambiguous word or passage
[some text] 'some text' is a description of a word or passage that cannot be transcribed
< > word(s) destroyed
<some text> 'some text' is a description of a destroyed word or passage
Text in small red font is a hyperlink or notes added by the editors.

Reproduced with the permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library and William Huxley Darwin.


140

On the Banda Oriental side near to the dos Hermanas, there occurs a precipitous mass of Horn-stone

(Mr Hughes)1

At R San Antonio de Areco. large small bones are converted into large ones ! i.e. large bones occur there

(Mr Lumb)2

At Agraciado, 15 leagues from Martin Garcia, small shells are burnt for lime

A small. Rodentia, without a tail. of a grey colour: is called either Coney del campo. or Aperia

Limestone occurs at Mercedes (Mrs Lumb & Hughes). —

Also at las Vacas. very soft. (Mr Tweedees)3

Mr Tweedies notes on sailing up Rio Parana for about 50 miles before arriving at [Barradero] or San Pedros. — the river is bounded on its Western side by a low cliff about 4 feet high: From San Pedros to Rozario. the cliff is about

1 Charles Hughes, a school fellow of Darwin's, attended Shrewsbury School, 1818-1819 and resident in Buenos Ayres, 1832-1833.

2 Edward Lumb (1804-75), English merchant in Buenos Ayres.

3 John Tweedie (1775-1862), Scottish gardener and plant collector based at Buenos Ayres, who owned a garden at Retiro. We are grateful to Jeff Ollerton for providing this information.

140 verso

40 feet high. — From this point to Santa Fe the banks are inclined & wooded. —

On the East bank. —

At Punta Gorda, the cliff is broken at Bajada. the cliff is from 40 to 50 feet high & composed of beds of reddish clay about 6 feet thick alternating with thicker beds of oysters shells. adhaering together. — These shells are of great diameter. & nearly one inch thick. not quite circular: the water of river causes masses to fall down & these are burnt for lime.

There is a calera. or lime kiln north of Salto. —

Mr Tweedie mentions the death of vast numbers if cattle, who during a long draught came to drink. fell rushed down the low cliff were exhausted & could not rise: may not this account for the number of [Mastadon] bones found in one bed of river

Look to D'Orbigny list of fossils, when making out list


This document has been accessed 1126 times

Return to homepage

Citation: John van Wyhe, editor. 2002-. The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. (http://darwin-online.org.uk/)

File last updated 2 July, 2012