RECORD: Darwin, C. R. 'Miner's American bee-keepers' manual'. CUL-DAR48.B20 Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker. (Darwin Online,

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed and edited by Kees Rookmaaker, textual notes by John van Wyhe 12.2010. Corrections by Christine Chua 9.2021. RN2

NOTE: Written in brown ink on blue grey paper, verso blank.

Reproduced with the permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library and William Huxley Darwin.


Miner's American bee-keepers' manual 18491

p. 102 says he has often observed first rudiment of comb, up to every step of completion, & could not provide "the slightest difference in construction & colour could I ever discover." — He cd hardly have overlooked the rounded external edges & wall of wax of Hives. p 321 The more populous a swarm of Bees less liable to be destroyed "being able by mere force of numbers to prevent a lodgment being made" & here lies the general secret of success." — which shows importance of increase in numbers & therefore loss from wax being necessary.

1 Miner, T. B. 1849. American bee-keepers' manual: being a treatise on the history and domestic economy of the honey-bee embracing a full illustration of the whole subject, with the most approved methods of managing this insect through every branch of its culture, the result of many years' experience. New York: C. M.Saxton.

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Citation: John van Wyhe, editor. 2002-. The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. (

File last updated 14 October, 2021