RECORD: Darwin, C. R. 1867. Hedgehogs. Hardwicke's Science Gossip 3 (1 December): 280.

REVISION HISTORY: Scanned, OCRed, corrected and edited by John van Wyhe 2002-8. Scanned by Angus Carroll 6.2011. RN3

[page] 280

HEDGEHOGS.—As in the August and September numbers,1 you have published an account of hedgehogs apparently carrying away pears and crabs sticking on their spines, you may think the following statement worth insertion as a further corroboration. I have received this account in a letter dated August 5, 1867, from Mr. Swinhoe at Amoy:—"Mr. Gisbert,2 the Spanish Consul at Amoy, informs me that when he was an engineer on the roads in Spain some years ago, he was fond of shooting and roaming about the country. He states that in the Sierra Morena, a strawberry-tree (Arbutus unedo?) was very abundant, and bore large quantities of red, fruit-like, fine, large, red strawberries. These gave quite a glow to the woods. The district in the mountain chain he refers to, is on the divisional line between the provinces of Seville and Badajos. Under these trees hedgehogs occurred innumerable, and fed on the fruit, which the Spaniards call Madrône.3 Mr. Gisbert has often seen an Erizo (hedgehog) trotting along with at least a dozen of these strawberries sticking on its spines. He supposes that the hedgehogs were carrying the fruit to their holes to eat in quiet and security, and that to procure them they must have rolled themselves on the fruit which was scattered in great abundance all over the ground beneath the trees."—Charles Darwin.

1 B.L. 1867 and A.B.F. 1867. See Correspondence vol. 15, pp. 450-1.

2 Mr. Gisbert has not been identified.

3 MadroƱo = Arbutus unedo, the strawberry tree.

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Citation: John van Wyhe, editor. 2002-. The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. (

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