RECORD: Darwin, C. R. [1832-37]. 'Reptiles in spirits of wine'. NHM-405052-1001. Edited by John van Wyhe (Darwin Online,

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed by Christine Chua and edited by John van Wyhe 11.2019. RN2

NOTE: Reproduced with permission of the Natural History Museum, London and William Huxley Darwin.

See Reptiles (F9.5) and Richard Keynes, Charles Darwin's zoology notes & specimen lists from H.M.S. Beagle (F1840).

Introduction by Christine Chua and John van Wyhe:

These notes were prepared to accompany Darwin's collection of reptiles and amphibians from the voyage of the Beagle when handed over to an expert at the British Museum. Even though the inside front cover states Darwin's hand are in some pages specifically, it is not so. Darwin corrected Covington's entries but Covington also uses certain spellings Darwin used, e.g 'broard' by Darwin is always 'broad'. 'Symetrical' is sometimes corrected by Darwin. 'Borbocœtes' remained uncorrected.


[inside front cover]






There are two sequences of pagination in this volume.

The first sequence, pp. 1-13.

p. 1               In hand of J.E. Gray

p.3-11           Probably in hand of Thomas Bell (not verified)

p. 12             In hand of C.R. Darwin

p. 13             In part in hand of C.R. Darwin


The second sequence, pp. 1-25.

p.1-25           In hand of Syms Covington

except p. 4-6 In hand of C.R. Darwin


Notes on verso in ink, when not in Covington's hand, [presumably are by Thomas Bell. The writing at the top of p. 19 (verso) is by Darwin, as are the corrections of Covington's text.

Syms Covington was Darwin's amanuensis and servant on the voyage of the Beagle; he continued to work for Darwin until 1839

This information has been supplied by Dr D.M. Porter, Cambridge (an American botanist) who visited the Zoology Library on 16 April 1981. Similar lists on the birds, fishes and insects are at Cambridge.


[1. John Edward Gray (1800-75), keeper of Zoology at the British Museum from 1840. 

 Collaborated with Darwin on the Cirripedia]

[2. Thomas Bell (1792-1800), Professor of Zoology at King's College, London, in 1836. Described Darwin's reptiles and amphibians from the voyage of the Beagle]

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4 - 3



plain Half [Burn]

Darwin & Bell

Chilean Reptiles

C.R. Darwin


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[blank] 11

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Record from Mr Bell

In hand of J.E. Gray, 1845.


1022. [ditto]


 767    Leiolæmus Bibronii

1063.  Leiolæmus tenuis

1064.  Leiolæmus pictus

1082.  [ditto]                               Busking on Rock in [Montaeus ] Nancagua

 449    Leiolæmus Darwinii             Bahia Blanca

 399    [ditto]                              Bahia Blanca

 387    Leiolæmus wiegmannii         Bahia Blanca

 421.   [ditto 387 - 718]                Bahia Blanca  Rio Negro

 609                                          Maldonado. Sand Dunes

 672                                          [ditto]

 715                                          Maldonado ash grey orange & blue splashes

 378                                          Bahia Blanca Sand Hillocks

 386                                          [ditto]

 461.                                         Grey orange coloured, blue lateral streak

 718.                                         Monte Video, gorge & lateral streak orange


 432.  Leiolæmus Multimaculatus     Bahia Blanca

 455.  [ditto]                               [ditto], Monte Hermoso

 454.  [ditto]                               [ditto]

 393   Proctotretus pectinatus         Bahia Blanca

 443   [ditto]                               [ditto]

 686.  [ditto]                               Maldonado Port Desire

1196  Proct Chilensis Bell

1167. [ditto]

1208. Proct (nigromaculatus?)

1163. Proct cyanogaster

1172  [ditto]

1062. [ditto]

1192  Proct Chilensis Bell

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[blank] 15


[blank] 16


  13  (Gecko) Platydactyles Darwinii; very near Delalandii [with Bibron's illeg, crossed]



  34  Hemidactylus (also 219)  Hemidactylus Mabouia (grey)

  37              (13) Platydactyles Darwinii




146  Ecphymotes torquatus

151  Snake

152  Bufo semi cinctus (Prince de Neuwied) compare with B. Chilensis. 


162  Ecphymotes torquatus

163  Do.

164  Do.




  78  Snake



185  horned toad

186  Cystignathus ocellatus

190  Snake

191  Hyla albomarginata (Spix)

192  Bufo Agua 202

193  Ecphymotes torquatus

197  Amph. (Bib) Hyla? very young

201  Snake

202  Bufo Agua

203  Bufo semi cinctus, (152)

204  Cystignathus ocellatus.

208 -

209  Cystignathus ocellatus.

215  Bufo semi cinctus, (152)


270  Spix's figure bad).

341  young specimen (Bibron to send the adult with its name)


217  Snake

218  Ecphymotes torquatus (193)

219  Hemidactylus (34) H. Mabouia

227  Hyla Vauterii

242. Brachycephalus ephippifer

251  Ecphymotes torquatus (163)

259  New genus (palatine teeth in corner) Limnocharis fuscus Bell

260  Do.

261  Cystignathus ocellatus

262  Do.

270  Leposternon      (to be well figured especially the teeth)

271  Amph. Bib. in too bad a state to determine


289  Bufo semicinctus  (152)  Bufo melanotis Bibr

292  Leposternon   (270)

308  this number was without any specimen in the bottle


317  Zonopterna Delalandii Pyxicephalus americanus Bibr.

338  Snake


341  Ameiva young.

342  Do

343  Do

344  Cystignathus ocellatus

345  Snake

373  Proctotretus n.s. (386) P. Weigmannii

374  Ameiva

377  Phryniscus nigricans. (Weisman) not figured. Bibr VIII p. 465

378  Proctotretus n.s. (386) 373 P. Weigmannii

383  Proctotretus n.s. Snake


385  Proctotretus n.s. (386)

386  Proctotretus n.s Weigmannii probably same as 373  421?  doubtful

387  Do  373

389  Bufo semicinctus (152)


397  to be well figured (there are two males & one female (see 443, 686.

399. new with notch scales on the side of neck & abdomen like Pr. nigromac but with two or

        three series of inferior labial plates.

461  to be figured –[illeg]see of 399 - for length of tail.

468 [illeg]out (D'Azara) figured by D'orbigny under the name of ameiva cælestina

605  not yet figured.


397  Proctotretus pectinatus

398  Ameiva  (374)  P. Darwinii

399  Proctotretus n.s. probably not same as 421 (same as 445)

421  Proctotretus (new species) 373 Weigmannii

423  Proctotretus n.s. (probably same as 421) (399) (386)

427  Ameiva (341)

432  Proctotretus multimaculatus or very near it. 

433  Snake

434  Proctotretus n.s.- see 1061 P. Cyanogaster

435  Do.

439  Snake

440  Snake


443  Proctotretus pectinatus (397)

444  Ameiva (374)

445  Proctotretus n.s. (386) 399. P. Darwinii

446  Snake

451  Snake

452  Ameiva  (341)

453  Proctotretus (n.s.) 421)

454  Proctotretus multimaculatus? 432

455  Do. very young

461  Proctotretus n.s (421) 373 Weisman

463  Bufo D'orbignii young adult 654

464  Do

468  Acrantus viridis

469  Ameiva  (341)


481  Snake

605  Adenopleura oculata Pleurodema Darwinii 665. 676.

606  Hyla pulchella agrestis & (figured in Spix or Prince de Neuwied)

607  Cystignathus ocellatus

608  Carococca & Spix.

609  Proctotretus n.s. (386.) 373 Weigmannii

613. Phryniscus nigricans (377)


654  not yet described nor figured (see last vol.)

681  new genus-

682  second species of same genus as 681.

683  second species of same genus as 681


615  Ameiva (341)


621  Hyla pulchella agrestis (606)

623  Snake


631  Pseudys paradoxa Wagler (mas)

639  Snake

644  Snake

648  Ameiva (341)

649  Acrantus viridis (468)

651  Phryniscus nigricans (377) not figured

652  Hyla Vauterii (227)

653  [Upodermotes] n.s.

654  Bufo D'obignii Bibron 463


663  Snake

665  Adenopleura oculata Pleurodema Darwinii (605) 676)

666  Anops kingii Bell

672  Proctotretus n.s 373

673  Snake

674  Snake

675  Snake

676  Adenopleura oculata Pleurodema Darwinii (605) 665)


679  Snake

681  Diplolæmus Bibronii

682  Do

683  Diplolæmus Bibronii

684  Diplolæmus Bibronii (681)

685  Do




686  Proctotretus pectinatus (397)

687  Proctotretus n.s. (434) var? P. gracilis Bell

688  Adenopleura n.s

778  Pleurodema bufoninum


731. 732. 734. to be examined by Bibron

765  to be figured, also 773

769-70-71 to be figured see Bibron III p 403

773  to be figured


689. Toad Amph. Bib. Bufo Agua B. jun Bibr



705  Snake





715  Proctotretus n.s. (421) 373 Weigmannii


718  Proctotretus n.s. (386) 373 Weigmannii

720  Snake


730  Snake

731  Bufo Chilensis?

732  Do

733  Do Snake

734  Bufo Chilensis (731)

735  Ceratophrys Uperodon marmoratum

736  Do

764  Diplolæmus Bibronii (681)

765  Ceratophrys, marmoratum. Proctotretus Kingii Fitzingerii

766  Proctotretus new sp. multimaculatus almost certainly probably certainly not Bibronii 767

        Kingii examini

767  Proctotretus n.s. Bibronii

768  Diplolæmus Darwinii Bibronii Mihi (681)

769  Gymnodactylus n.s. (Gaudichaudii) to be figured

770  Do.

771  Do.

772  Proctotretus Fitzingerii (765)

773  probably same (766)

774  Leiuperus salarius

778  Adenopleura n.s. (688) Pleurodema bufoninum Bell

783  Diplolæmus Darwinii (683)

803  Gymnodactylus n.s. (769)

812  Diplolæmus Darwinii (683)

948  Adenopleura n.s. (688) Pleurodema bufoninum 


1024 not yet decr? or fig?

1063 to be figured  see the[illeg]of [history]

1076 new genus


 949 Proctotretus Fitzingerii (765)

 950 almost certainly the same (see 766)

 951 Proctotretus n.s. ??? surely Fitzingerii (at least the same as 765)

 986 new genus see 1170 & 1176

1021 Proctotretus n.s. (434)

1022 Do –

1023 Amph. Bibr. Cystignathus nodonus?

1024 Adenopleura n.s. Pleurodema obscurum 1088. 1168. 1213

1025 Bufo Chilensis Bibr. n.s.

1041 Snake

1053 Snake

1054 Snake

1060 Bufo D'orbignii young

1061 Proctotretus n.s. (434) P. Cyanogaster P. Cyanogaster

1062 Do

1063 Proctotretus tenuis. ? Bibron IV p 279

1064 Proctotretus pictus (same as mine from Capt. King.)



1076 New genus [illeg, crossed] Rhinoderma Darwinii

1082 Proctotretus pictus (1064)



1088 Pleurodema obsurum Adenopleura n.s. (1024) 1168) 1213)

1090 New genus –

1117 Amph. Bibr. Dorso impresso punctato Cystignathus roseus

1118 Bufo Chilensis young

1119 Amph. Bibr. Bufo jun. (Ly. B. Agua C?)

1120 Amph. Bibr. New genus Ellipticeps alsodes monticola.

1136 probably New genus of Hylidæ. Hylorina sylvatica

1163  Proctotretus n.s. (434) P. Cyanogaster

1168  Adenopleura Pleurodema obscurum (1024) 1088) 1213

1170  New genus Cycloramphus n.s. ? (986) Borbocœtes Bibronii – n.g. [Borborocœtes]         

1171  Proctotretus n.s. 434 P. Cyanogaster                                            

1172  Do


1198  to be figured


From 1271 to 1315 Galapagos.

1271 Genus Holotropis of Bibron (Leiocephalus genus of Gray founded on bad character says



1173 Proctotretus n.s. (434)

1176 Borbocœtes grayii new genus same genus as 986. & 1170 but diff. species.

1177 Amph (Bib) Cystignathus roseus

1178 new genus Rhinoderma Darwinii (1076)

1179 Do Rhinoderma Darwinii

1187 Snake

1189 new genus Rhinoderma Darwinii (1076)

1190 Do (1076)

1191 Amph. Bib. n.g. Batrachyla leptopus

1192 Proctotretus Chilensis

1194 Microlophus Lessonii young

1196 Proctotretus Chilensis var. (1192?)

1197 Do

1198 Proctotretus tenuis (1063) Bibron IV p. 279

1199 Snake –

1200 Amph. (Bib) n.s. Litoria glandulosa

1207 Proctotretus nigromaculatus Fitzingerii (765) young

1208 Proctotretus n.s. (767)

1213 Adenopleura Pleurodema obscurum (1024) 1088) 1168 1213

1230 Microlophus Lessonii (1194)

1233 Snake


1271 Holotropis n.s. Leiocephalus Grayii

1279 Holotropis n.s. allied to microlophus - Leiocephalus Grayii

1280 Holotropis n.s. 1271) very young Do.

1281 Do. 1271

1294 Snake

1295 Snake

1296 Holotropis n.s. (1271)

1297 Do. 1271

1300 Do. 1271

1301 Snake

1303 Holotropis n.s. (1271)

1305 Amblyrynchus cristatus young.

1308 Snake

1310 Snake


1342 not described or figured

1354 [illeg, crossed]

1358 some mistake in number 1358 said to be Tiliqua Casuarini to be figured from the

                                                                    specimen in Zool Soc.


1315  Amblyrynchus Demarlii Bibron IV. p. 197

1342. Platydactylus (Bibr) Gehira elegans of Gray not desc?

1348  Snake

1349  Cystignathus ocellatus.

1350  Hyla Peronii

1351  Amph. Bib Hyla Fucsa??? too bad to be determined

1352  (Amph. Bib) Cystignathus Georgianus jun.

1353  Grammatophorus barbatus

1354  Tiliqua sucurii (Cocteau) J. tæniolata gray

1355  Grammatophorus muricatus

1358  Tiliqua Gasperini (see opposite page)

1359  Tiliqua ? named by Bibron but not fig?




1363  Snake

1364  Grammatophorus barbatus young (1353)


1397  Amph. (Bib.) Cystignathus Georgianus Bibr (Crinia Georgiana, Tschudi)

1398  Hyla Amph (Bib) Hyla Jacksonianus Bibr.

1399  Amph. (Bib) Hyla Fucsa??? too bad to determine


1446  Rana Mascariensis Bibr


1452  Cordylies griseus

1453  Scincus travittatus not figd

1454  Gerrhosaurus sepiformis not figd

1455  Bibron to write about

1456  Do. Rana Delalandii




[blank] 32


1024. 1088. 1168. 1213       Pleurodema obscurum descd  Bibronii certainly

 778. 688                           Pleurodema nod bufoninum Descd

 605.665.676                      Pleurodema oculata Darwinii – Descd

 377. 651.                         Phryniscus nigricans Descd

 476. 1179. 1189. 1190       Rhinoderma Darwinii Bibr. new genus Upper and under side of

                                       1076. Descd. To be figured under side if 1189)

 652. 227                          Hyla Vauterii. Bibr. MS. very near Baudinii accounting to

                                       Bibron's description of the latter. Descd

 191                                 Hyla albomarginata

 456                                 Rana Delalandii Bibr for 368 Cape of G.H. not figured Descd

 269                                  Limnocharis fuscus n.g. Palatine teeth behind the [noses] Descd

 735                                 Uperodon very little marmoratus. It can scarcely be identical for                                      for so different locality.

1446                                Rana Mascariensis Descd ?

 606. 621                           Hyla agrestis - both to be figured. Descd  

1170                                Borbocœtes Bibronii - Descd                   

1176                                Borbocœtes Grayii Descd

1342                                6 Naultinus Grayii -  Descd 

 444. 374. 398                    7 Ameiva longicauda Descd

                                       2 Amblyrhynchus cristatus Descd

                                                                 1 Amblyrhynchus Demarlii

                                        9 Cyclodus Casuarinæ

                                       5 Gymnodactylus Gaudichaudii

                                       8 Gerrhosaurus sepiformis

                                       3 Leiocephalus Grayii

                                       4 Centrura flagellifer

[blank] 34



Charles I. Galapagos Arch.

1301. - Snake

 608     Maldonado. R. Plata

1452. - C. of Good Hope

 133     Bahia Brazil

 468    M. Video

 615     North of Maldonado

 427     Bahia Blanca North Patagonia

 452     Do. Do

 648. -  Maldonado                                 649- is this 649, if so Maldonado if 609 also

 343 -   M. Video                                                          Maldonado

 341    Fish!!!                    341

 342    Fish!!!                    342     343

1355   N. South Wales

1353   [do]

1364   Van Diemen's land

 146    Bahia Brazil

 193    Rio de Janeiro

 163    Abrolhos islets, Brazil coast

 162    [do]

 218     Rio de Janeiro

 257     Rio de Janeiro         251 Rio de Janeiro

 454     Bahia Blanca Pat:

 458     fish!!! M. Video        455 - Bahia Blanca

 772    P. Desire Patagonia

 992    [illeg]animal!!!        994. Crab !!!! wrong number

 951    central Patagonia    

 950    [do]

 760     [illeg] speciemen !!!  766. Port Desire

 373    Bahia Blanca

 708    Maldonado              718 Maldonado

 378     Bahia Blanca

 715    Maldonado

 672    do

 609    do.

 421    Bahia Blanca

 387    do

1063   Valparaiso

 444    Bahia Blanca

 812    P. Desire

 683    Central Patagonia

1454    C. of Good Hope

1315   same as Galapagos

 432    Bahia Blanca

 773    P. Desire


 445    Bahia Blanca

 386    do

 707    Port Desire

 397    Bahia Blanca

1198   Concepcion Chile

 461    Monte Video

 399    Bahia Blanca

1358   Van Diemen's Land.

1208   Coquimbo Chile

1061.62 - Valparaiso

1194    Copiapo North Chile Iquique Pem

1230   [do]

1453   C. of Good Hope

1305   Chat Id Galapagos

 949    Leiolæmus Kingii - Patagonia River S. Cruz

1172   Valparaiso southern Chile

1173   [do]

 686    Patagonia

1082.   Leiolæmus tenuis Chiloe Archipelago



387. 373. 671. 378. 609. 718.

715. 461. 386. 421.

373. 378. 386. 387. 421. 461

609. 672. 715. 718

Proctotretus  Weigmannii Darwinii

1063. 1198. Pr. tenuis

397. 443. 686. Pr. pectinatus

765. 766, 772. 773. 949. 960. 951

432. 454. 455. Pr. multimaculatus

767 Pr. Bibronii.

1207. 1208

687 Pr. gracilis

386. 461  Pr. Weigmannii

399. 445 n.s. (like nigromaculatus) Pr. Grayii Darwinii

1062. 1163. 1171. 1172 Pr. cyanogaster Bibr.

1207 Pr. nigromaculatus

1062. 1163. 1171. 1172

1082. 1064 -

Pr Chilensis

397 443 686

          n.s  Kingii 765

d        Pr. Chilensis

d        cyanogaster

d        pictus 1064

d        tenuis 1063. 1198

          nigromaculatus 1207

d        n.s Darwinii 199 445

d        Wiegmannii

d        n.s gracilis 687

d        n.s Bibronii 767

d        Fitzingerii

d        Multimaculatus

d        pectinctus

(signifer not in either collection)     


[not transcribed]


[This is the start of the second sequence: 

pp.1-25            In hand of Syms Covington, p. 4-6 In hand of Darwin]


1832. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

 13.  Gecko. (Hemidactilus Cuv)

 24.  Lizard, Porto Praya.

 25.  Do.

 34.  Gecko. Red hill do

 37.  Gecko. with mended tail. Porto Praya.

123. 124. Lizard. Fernando Noronha. Feb. and March

139. Lizard.             Bahia Brazil              Do.

146. Hyla (Laurenti) shot running up a lofty palm. Bahia. March

        (is a lizard, Paraguira smithii)

151. Snake. given to me by Mr. Wilkin of Samarang.

152. Frog. (Barnetti Cuvier?)

153. Lacerta March. Bahia

162. 163. Ecphimotes (?) Cuvier. March. Albrolhos Id.

164. 165. Lizards.                        Do.     Do.

166. Agama.                               Do.     Do.

167. Gecko.                                Do.     Do.

Rio de Janeiro

178. Snake. Socĕgo. called coral snake.

Socĕgo is on the Rio Macaè and all the places lie on the road to it. North E R. Janeiro April

183. Lizard. Socĕgo [April]

184  Frog.     Do.    [April]

185. Ceratophis (Cuvier) April

My specimen inhabited the dark and moist forest round Socĕgo. Its habits were rather those of an English toad than a Frog. All its motions slow and feeble; proceeded by short jumps. Colours in the spirits have become rather fainter. Iris bright copper colour.

186.  Frog. Campos Novos April

190.  Snake. Botofogo        do.

191. Hyla (Laurenti)            Do. Colour greenish stomach yellowish      April.

192. Frog. Botofogo. Iris yellow, with black                                       March.

       April Bufo agua.

[some text by Darwin]


193  Ecphymotes torquatus. also 163. 164. 162. 146. & 251. 218

202  Bufo Agua for me - being common.

202. 209. 261. 1349. 607. 186. 262. 344. Cystignathus ocellatus

[208 377 illeg 454 35 1119 1360 1445 1271 to 1315 - in pencil] 


1832. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

  193.  Lizard. Botofogo       April.

  197   Frog.                      Do.

  201.  Coluber (Cerberus)   May 5th (Cuvier) R. Macaè

  202.  Bufo agua (Bombinator?) Cuvier.

          colour on back "dirty Lemon yellow" toes particularly inner fore one dark brown. Iris 

          black spotted with golden yellow. Rio Macaè. April.

 203.  Bufo. (Bombinator?) Cuvier. Iris yellow; its note is in a high key appears to be emitted

          through nostrils; during which time the throat is much enlarged, and the tympanum

          slightly so; nostrils partly covered by a valve. May. Rio de Janeiro.

 204.   Rana. Extremely strong beneath pale above in the fore, parts yellowish green,

          hinder greenish yellow; angular markings 1/2 yellowish 1/2 "chestnut brown". Iris

          golden yellow with black markings. May. Rio de Janeiro.

 208.   Hyla. On the back, a band of "yellowish brown" width of head, sides copper yellow;

          abdomen silvery yellowish white slightly tuberculated; beneath the mouth, smooth

          dark yellow, under sides of legs leaden flesh colour. Can adhere to perpendicular

          surface of glass. The fields resound with the noise which this little animal, as it sits on

          a blade of grass about an inch from the water, emits.

          The note is very musical. I as first thought it must be a bird. When several are

          together they chirp in harmony: each beginning a lower note than the other, and then

          continuing or a harmony upon the two (I think these notes are third to each other).

          May. Rio de Janeiro.

  209   Rana. Do.

[some text by Darwin]


 219    Same as 34 Comma see 6

 227.   Hyla Vauterii - see 652

 242    Brachycephalus ephippifer, (Brachycephalus is Fitzinger's name, Ephippifer being Cocteau's.)

 259    probably new genus - palatine teeth in the corner

 270    To be well figured (Spix's fig. being bad) and particularly the teeth.

 292    see 270

[some text by Darwin]


Rio de Janeiro.

1832 Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

215. Bufo. Is very like (203) differs in not having pale dorsal line between darker ones; and

       in having dark transverse marks on the legs and obscure angular one behind head.

                                                                                                  May.    R. de Janeiro

217. Coluber (called the coral snake.)                                                 Do.    Do.

218. Steltion.                                                                                 Do.    Do.

219. Gecko (Hemidactyles)                                                               Do.    Do.

227. Hyla. Palm trees.                                                                     Do.    Do.

242. Bufo. colour intense "Dutch orange" wooded summit of Caucovado  Do.

          [Darwin's handwriting - illeg buried in the]

251. Lizard.                                                                                June.     Do.

259. 260 Rana, brooks in forest. hind toes edged with membrane, and curiously subdivided             at extremities. (Acari buried in the skin)                                       Do.     Do.

261. Rana. from the forest.                                                             Do.     Do.

262. Rana.     Do.                                                                          Do.     Do.

270  Leposternum (Spix) Taken in the ground with other specimens, whilst digging in the

       garden. When placed on turf made no attempt to escape, but on soft mould soon (like a

       worm) forced its way into it.                                                     Do.     Do.

271  Rana. (forest)                                                                        Do.     Do.

272  Lacerta, Do. iridescent with blue.                                               Do.     Do.

289. Bufo (Bombinator). Back: "deep orange and Chesnut brown" beneath pale, with dark

       mark between front legs, behind tympanum and under eye pale with dark marks. legs

       banded slightly with black. Iris yellow. tongue large, fleshy. Was found under piece of

       bark in forest. far from water. Motions slow, jumps. from the rich colours. the animal 

       presented a curious appearance.                                             Do.

292. Leposternum same as (270)                                                    June.   Do.

308. Gecko (Hemidactyles)


317  Zonopterna Delalandii? Pyxicephalus americanus

344. Cystignathus ocullatis

374. 398. 444. Ameiva.       ?Bibron to send the name.


Monte Video

1832. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

 314.  Bipeda (Cuv) Hysteropa. Dic. Class. under a stone. Rat Island.  July. M. Video.

 317.  Bufo. open plains with horny plate on hind feet.                                 Do.     Do.

 338.  Snakes (2 species). Back with black dorsal band; on each side is one of a pale "tile

         red"; then a black: then primrose yellow and then the black central abdominal one.

         Other species is above dark "yellowish brown", beneath pearly white.

                                                                                            August.   Do. Do.

 340. Monitor (Ameiva?) Living in a hole, not near any water: very thin and half torpid.

                                                                                                Do.     Do.

 341. 342. 343. Lacerta (palatine teeth small) under stones. Mount.      Do.     Do.

 344. Rana. Mount. When frightened, puffed itself up with air.             Do.     Do.

 345. Coluber. Mount                                                                    Do.     Do.

 373  Iguaniens; approximate to Quetzpales (Cuv). sand hillocks     Sept.  B. Blanca

 374  Lacerta; on sides two dark red streaks; tail red.                        Do.     Do.

 377  Bufo; appears to approach in its characters to Breviceps (Cuv) No tympanum or Parotid

        is [visible] mouth pointed. The colours of its body were the most extraordinary I have

        ever seen in a Reptile: general tint "ink black"; soles of feet, base of, & some scattered

        irregular patches, on, the abdomen. The most intense "Vermilion Red", back with few

        scattered spots of "buff Orange". - The appearance of the Vermilion colour was as if  

        the animal had crawled over a newly painted board. This toad inhabits the most

        dry and sandy plains of Bahia Blanca, where there is at present any no appearance of

        water over lodging.

[377 in Darwin's handwriting]


 389 203. 215. 152 289 Bufo semi cinctus Prince de Neuwied compare with B. Chilensis.

 397. Proctotretus pectinatus 443. 686. 2 males & 1 female - to be well figured.


1832 September: B. Blanca: Reptiles in Spirits of Wine

 377  having for any time. Crawls about during the day. - In the month of June (1833)

        I found at Maldonado (Northern bank of the Plata)

(613) several more (specimen 613) of this sort extraordinary looking reptile. They are

         not uncommon, crawling about the dry sand dunes: When placed in a pool of water,

         were scarcely able to swim & I think in a very short time would have been drowned. -

         The eye is jet black. The number & size of buff orange marks were slightly different,

         sometimes more & sometimes less than in those of B. Blanca.-

 378   Lizard same as (373).

 383   Coluber: (Heterodon Cuv?) above dark cream coloured, with symetrical marks of

         dark brown; beneath with black & bright red irregular patches. The first of the

         maxillary teeth much developed & distinct. Mouth very dilatable. - Was caught whilst           

         eating a Lizard. Inhabits the dry sandy plains of Bahia Blanca.-

[377-383 in Darwin's handwriting]

384.  Amphisbena; in sandy hillocks near the sea; same colour as earth worms. Bahia


385  Iguaniens, same as (373) Septr                                                                                                   Do.

386. 387. Same genus as (385) but different species. Differs in having orange coloured

       gorge, faint lateral stripes of blue; and general markings.   B. Blanca.   Septr.

389  Bufo. Marshes, the Fort. Body "oil green" with spots and bands of pale blue. Do.  Do.

397. Agama. This is the most beautiful lizard I have ever seen; back with three rows of  

       regular oblong marks of a rich brown; the other scales symetrically coloured either ash

       or light brown! Many also irregularly


Bahia Blanca

- South of the Plata

- or Northern Plata

[in pencil, in Darwin's handwriting]

421. 453. 715. 461 Proctotretus n.s. probably the same as 423 &c

423. 672. 399. 387.445 386. Proctotretus n.s. probably the same as 609 &c

432  Proctotretus multimaculatus or very near it. also 454. 455.



1832. B. Blanca: Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

bright emerald green.— beneath pearly with semilunar marks of brilliant orange on throat.

                                                                                      B. Blanca.     Septr.

 398. Lacerta. (same as 374).                                              Do.               Do.

 399. Lizard.  (variety of 373?)                                             Do.               Do.

 421. Lizard. Rio Negro

 423. Lizard.                                                                      B. Blanca

 427. Lacerta (of different species from 374) -                        Do.               Do.

 432  Lizard

 433  Trigonocephalus, not uncommon on the sandy plains & hillocks of Bahia Blanca: Body

         above marked with a chain of "umber brown" patches, the intervals being "wood

         brown". From the triangular nose & brightness of the eyes, aspect most fierce &

         hideous. - The pupil of the eye consists of a vertical slot. The iris is mottled & coppery.

         - This reptile inhabits holes, is slow in its motions, but strong & very courageous; as

         long as it retained life, upon being irritated with a stick it would with [widely] dilated  

         mouth & protruded fangs strike the wood with violence. - The aperture of the fangs is

         on the anterior surface & elliptic in form. The tail is terminated by a pointed hard

         button. The animal when irritated constantly vibrated the terminal part to the length of

         about an inch, of its tail. The vibrations were very rapid & as the animal glided through

         the dry grass, rushes or small brushwood, a rattling noise could be distinctly heard to

         the distance of six feet. This vibration of the tail was the constant result of irritating

         accompaniment of anger or surprise in the animal. How beautifully does this snake

         both in habits & structure connect Crotalus & Vipera: -

         In the stomach of this specimen there was the remains of a lizard.

[432-3 in Darwin's handwriting, dated 12 October in F1840] 

[blank] 50


1832 Septr  Reptiles in Spirits of Wine

                 Bahia Blanca.                      

 434. 435. Lizard (Galactis?) Above "liver brown" with latero-dorsal pale streak; thighs of

        hinder legs pale yellow.

 439. Trigonocephalus, same as (433)                                                       October.

 440. Coluber. Belly plates yellowish; dorsal scales with central band greenish, tip black

        sides pale; back mottled greenish.                                                    Do.

 442. Trigonocephalus, same as (439)                                                       Do.

 443. Lizard, same as (397)                                                                     Do.

 444. Lacerta, same as (374)                                                                   Do.

 445. Lizard                                                                                          Do.

 446. Trigonocephalus, same as (439)                                                        Do.

 451. Coluber. (same as (440).                                                                Do.

 452. Lacerta, Punta Alta.                                                                        Do.

 453. Lizard, (Quetzpales? having palatine teeth)                                         Do.

 454. 455. Lizard. Monte Hermoso In its depressed form and general appearance, partakes of

        (Octobr) some of the characters of the Geckos.

        Colours above singularly mottled, the small scales are coloured brown, white, yellowish

        red, and blue, all dirty, and the brown forming symetrical clouds. Beneath white, with

        regular spots of brown on the belly.

        Habits singular, lives on the beach, on the dry sand, some way from the vegetation.

        Colour of body much resembles that of the sand. When frightened, it depresses its body

        and stretching out its legs & closing its eye tries to avoid being seen; if pursued will

        bury itself with great quickness in the sand, legs rather short; it cannot run very fast.

M. Video November.

 461. Lizard (?) with palatine teeth; gorge orange


 463, 464 Bufo d'orbigny young (Bibr)

 468  Acrantus viridis[illeg]d'Azara figured by D'orbigny under the name of Ameiva


Maldonado North bank of the Plata [in pencil, in Darwin's handwriting]

 605. Adenopleura oculata - see 665

 606. 621. Hyla figured in Spix or in Prince de Neuwied?

 608. Carococca pf Spix


1832. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

M. Video Novemb.

colour; abdomen and 2 dorsal longitudinal bands pale orange.-

 463. 464. Bufo, in the marshes B. Ayres; belly dirty yellow, with Do dorsal line; note very

        high; odour singular & fetid.

 468. Ameiva. Back emerald green, with black patches and white lines; lateral ventral scales

        bright blue.                                   M. Video.

 469  Lacerta. (common on Mount)           Do.

 474  Amphisbœna, under stones in ground. M. Video.

        November or December.

 481. Coluber. San. Blas. coast of Patagonia (The Schooner)

Maldonado. May. 1833 and June

 605. Frog, above prettily marked with dark olive green above and greenish white; on hind

         thighs and base of body a little red.

 606. Hyla, above emerald green, beneath white, on sides a black and silvery stripe, also a

        shorter one at corner of mouth; under side of hinder legs, and side of abdomen   

        marked with black spots, tympanum brown, iris gold-colour. Hind feet semipalmated.  

        They frequent in great numbers the open grass camp, also marshes. These can never

        ascend trees, for they such are entirely wanting.

 607. Rana. Brown, with circular and symmetrical marks of black. always in immediate

        neighbourhood of water.— Same as in Brazil?

 608. Bipes. Beneath white gradually shading into a light brown above, with four dark brown

        lines, the 2 central ones being the broadest was caught near the water of a lake.

        motions inactive.


609. 718. 385. 373. 378. Proctotretus n.s.

 613. Phryniscus nigricans

 631. Pseudys paradoxa mes. Wagler.

 649  same as 468. young

 648. 452. 343. 427. 341. 615. 342. 469. young of Ameiva 

        ? the adult to be sent by M. Bibron

651. 377. 613 Phryniscus nigricans Weigm.


1833. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

Maldonado. May & June.

 609. Quetzpales, sand dunes.

 613. Bufo. (diaboliens!) same as (377)

 615. Ameiva or Lacerta, (allied to Centropiæ) Rio Marmagaja. Banda Oriental.

 616. Amphisbœna in ants nest; under stone.

 621. Hyla. (same as 606?) but body silvery white instead of green.

 623. Coluber. Colour of a uniform blackish lead colour, with an opaline bluish gloss; beneath

        pale, at the junction of the two sorts of scales the gloss is best seen; differs from the

        following one in shape of scales, & proportionate length of tail &c.

 624. Coluber. The commonest species in this country; is not same as taken at Bahia Blanca,

        reaches to be 3 or 4 feet long. The first maxillary tooth is very large; by aid of

        microscope I saw a narrow deep groove running down on convex surface. Is it for

        conveying poison?

        Specimen of tooth is in pill-box (1320)

 631. Rana. Eye very prominent; behind and by the side of them fine green markings; body

         brown with black markings; beneath silvery, with lateral band Do.

 639. Coluber marginal letters refer to back of page [in Darwin's handwriting]

 644. Coluber                     [do.]

 648. 649. Lacerta. Ameiva sides of body light rich brown, with black marks, a longitudinal

        white line on each side; within these and the inner brown for two thirds of anterior part

        of body there is a fine emerald green colour, are these 2 specimen the same, differ in

        form of scale of Head.

 651. Bufo. Same as (613)


(a) Coluber. Beneath cream-coloured with irregular rows of blackish dots, as if of interrupted

     chains; above all the scales, "yellowish" half "wood brown", with lateral darker band on

     each side; chiefly on anterior part of body, the interstices between scales, are coloured in

     symmetrical small spaces of white, "tile red" and black, (the latter most strongly

     marked); this gives a singular mottled appearance to the animal. Inhabits not

     uncommonly the sand dunes.

(B) Coluber. Above "clove brown" shading beneath into pale; on the sides and back, there

      are regular black spaces with yellow specks; likewise whole length of body two narrow

      dorsal ribbons of "saffron yellow"; on under side of tail a broad central band of "tile and

      half scarlet red",- there is also on the back a faint trace (chiefly shown by interrupted

      chain of specks) of a similarly coloured band. Upon taking this animal out of spirits I

      observed in its mouth several small worms; as there was a tight ligature (to kill it) round

      the neck, they could not have proceeded from the stomach. In the mouth of another

      Coluber (623) I noticed one alive (the animal being strangled as the former one), and if I

      remember right it crawled like a leach by the aid of its extremities.

      [8 lines crossed]

Common in the swampy plains between Sierra Ventana and Buenos Ayres. Jan 7 1834.


1833. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

Maldonado. May & June.

652. 227 Hyla Vauterii Bibr. fig of Spix? Above coppery brown, mottled with black, which

       latter colour is most distinct on hinder thighs; on sides of body extending over the

       tympanum a blackish brown band; iris coppery on edge of upper mandible white line.

       Caught under stone.

 653. Rana. Gen. Upoderonotor – n.s Body above light greenish yellow, with lateral brownish

        black band and distinct circular patch on sides before the thighs. These are obscure

        longitudinal marks on upper surface of thighs and the under is tinged with    

        reddish orange. Caught under a stone.

 654  Bufo. D'obigny Bibr not yet described unfig. Above yellowish green, with central line on

        back more bright: pimples brown; beneath yellowish. Under stone. Same as at M.


 655. Amphisbœna. Always under stones.

- June –

 663. Coluber. Above dark "Pistachio green", with central narrow dorsal line of bronze;

         beneath "aurora and half vermilion red" but mostly on posterior half of body,

         altogether very beautiful, open camp.

 665. Bufo adenopleura oculata Bibron not fig?

         Elegantly marked with black and pale green; colours most vivid on the lumbar glands;

         hinder thighs with little tinge of orange on softer parts.

 666. Amphisbœna Anops Kingii (2 species) one has vertical ridges on nose; differ in

         proportion of tail.

 673. Coluber. Above "sage green" shading into beneath "Siskin green", most beautiful.

681. 682. 764. 685. 684. a species of new genus to be named Bibronii.

683. 793. 812. 768. second species of same genus to be named Darwinii-

[in Darwin's handwriting]


1833. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

Maldonado. June.

 674 Coluber. Scales generally dirty "oil green" the interstices on the sides and edge of

        ventral plates, dark brown, these brown interstical  spaces, likewise form numerous

        irregular transverse bars on the back; the sides scales themselves in those parts being

        brown; beneath with dirty "siskin green".

 675. Coluber. Ventral plates fine "vermilion red", becoming paler towards the gorge, with

        black specks on each side; sides "greenish grey" back reddish grey, with central

        "blackish grey" line; head and upper side of neck, "umber brown".

 676. Bufo. Same as (665) True. [Darwin]

 677  Amphisbœna; larger one paler coloured. It appears there are now three species.

 679. Coluber. From Port St. Antonio (2B. 679. to 69.2

         Specimens collected on coast of Patagonia by the small Schooners. There is some

         mistake in the numbering by (692) occurring twice and (688) being omitted.)

 681B. Agama. General colour blueish grey with tinge of rust colour on back. broad

          transverse bands, with white undulation behind them.

 682B. 683B. 684B. 685B. different species and specimen of Agama. coast of Patagonia [Darwin]

 682B. Agama. General colour not so blue, with pointed bright yellow indentations in hinder

           part of brown band.

 683B. Agama. General colour rather darker; back dark brown with central light reddish

         longitudinal band with small transverse ones branching off.

[blank] 60


1833. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

684B. Agama. Pale reddish grey, brown transverse bands, yellowish white posterior


685B. Agama. General colour especially tail much redder; (All these Lizards were caught at

  NB    Port Desire in beginning of January, by the officers in the small Schooners).

686    Lizard. on back transverse rows, each with three semilunar rich brown marks, edged

          with cream colour; lateral line of same colour; about head traces of bright green. Pt.


687.   Lizard. Mud colour with lighter lateral line. Do.


689. Bufo. Head remarkably flat; dark grey, with much blacker & symmetrical markings. Rio


690 Bufo. Slate colour, with dark markings.— Rio Chupat.  Engaño Bay.


All the above specimens were collected by the officers in the Schooner under the command of Mr. Wickham; during the summer of the year; the colours of each were stated not to have altered, only now to be less vivid.

Maldonado. June.

702. Coluber same as (623) large specimen.

705. Coluber same as (639).

706:8 Amphisbœna


710. [3 lines crossed]

713. Bipes.

715. Lizard. ash grey, with dark brown mark and specks of orange and blue.

716. Bipes.

718. Lizard.


731 & 734. Bufo Chilensis? - same as 732 which M. Bibron will examine.

735. Ceratophrys marmoratus Uperodon ornatum

736 Do.



1833 Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

720. Coluber. Ventral plate "greyish black", sides pale primrose yellow; back with three black

bands and two intermediate "tile red" ones; behind head with collar of pale yellow; round anus collar of black.                                           Maldonado     June

729. Snake. Rio Negro.

730. [Vivora] Colour ash grey with regular corresponding marks of rich brown edged with

       black.                                                                       Buenos Ayres.

731. 732. Toads                                                                 Do.               Do.

733. Snake:                                                                      Do.               Do.

734. 735. 736. Toads                                                 Do.               Do.

Port Desire Jany 1834.

764 to 768. Lizards taken in numbers dry stone plain of Port Desire

764. Lizard. Back with double semilunar transverse marks of "gamboge yellow"; before

       which, irregular patches of black, intermediate spaces, blueish-greenish-grey, mottled

       with black and rust colour; belly "primrose and gamboge yellow". Common genus.

       Sluggish, often asleep.  

765  Lizard. Back with 13 snow white transverse lines; intermediate spaces most beautifully

        sparkling with green and orange, iridescent. centre of each scale black; belly orangish

        "tile red", clouded and net work black.

766  Lizard. Numerous jet black transverse bands, intermediate spaces, grey, and very pale

        reddish brown, belly grey.

767  Lizard. Blackish grey, with medial line black; row of marks of same colour on each side

        of this, and marks on the sides.


769  Gymnodactylus 770, 771 The same 803 same new species ?

772  Proctotretus Fitzingerii 765. 949. 1207. Bibron's specimen[illeg] less carinated scales -

766. 773. 950 - The same? almost certainly - but to be compared -

[Darwin's handwriting]


1834. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

Port Desire. Jany

768. Lizard. Whole body and tail ringed with "french grey", before which rings salmon colour,

        with anterior edge indented with "primrose yellow; before this dark brown, anterior

        edge jagged. then as before french grey &c &c. Beneath whitish except tail which is

        ringed; under the chin spotted with white.

769. 771. Gecko. (New sub genus?)

        Centre of back "yellowish brown" sometimes with strong tinge of dark green, sides

        clouded with blackish brown; in very great numbers under stones, cannot climb up

        glass. makes a grating noise when taken hold of. After death looses its darker


        A specimen, being kept for some days in a tin box, changed colour into an uniform

        grey, without the black cloudings. I thought I noticed some change after catching and

(a)    bringing home these animals; but could not observe no instantaneous change. (a)

772.  Lizard. Three whitish grey longitudinal bands, between which there are square black-

         brown marks in pairs, which together with lateral marks, form transverse bands;

         intervals grey and pale rust; belly grey and black, mottled, and with a tinge of orange.

773.  Lizard. Seven or eight very irregular transverse rows of dirty white, intervals blackish

         brown, grey and rust. sides more mottled with yellow. Belly blackish grey, sides of

        belly orangish.    


803. Under same stone found a very black variety and another one "Hair brown" with tinge of

(a)   green; mottled on sides of back with "Oil and Pistachio green" centre of each patch

       brownish black. Being kept for 3 or 4 days, not the slightest change of colour was


778. 688. 948. New species of Adenopleura different from the other two species. [Darwin]

774. Leiuperus salarius

956. Protrocteus n.s.


1834. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

 774.  Rana. Back blackish; flanks with three or four circular marks of black. young

          individual, is bred in and inhabits water far too salt to drink. P. Desire. Jany.

 778.   Rana, back greenish brown; with pale medial line and sides pale Do. P. Desire. Jany. a)793.  Lizard. V: 210  P. St. Julian.                                            Jany.

 803. Gecko. same as (767). P. Desire.                                            Do.

 812. Lizard. P. Desire.                                                                 Do.

 948. Bufo. high up river Santa Cruz.

        Beneath white, above "yellowish, with some chesnut brown"; black punctures; lumbar

        glands, rather coppery with large "liver brown" marks, upper part of thigh, faintly as  

        glands; under &c flesh colour.         

        I daresay, nearly the southern limit for this family.

 949. Lizard. central Patagonia up river.

        Blackish grey, with pairs of square black marks: four irregular longitudinal yellow lines;   

        beneath blackish grey with waving black lines. S. Cruz.

 950. Lizard. Above do do, but with white longitudinal lines, and belly orange. S. Cruz.

 951. Lizard. Above with three broader whitish lines, pairs of irregular square brown marks;

        intervals dirty orange; altogether much paler coloured; beneath coloured as before.

        S. Cruz.

 986. Frog. above pale "umber brown" sides with angular spots of dark "chesnut brown"

        behind the eyes; others paler on sides and on thighs upper part of eye golden; throat

        brown. Chiloe. July.

1021. Lizard. "yellowish brown," with dark brown markings.

         Valparaiso. August.       

[some corrections by Darwin]


(a) Belly rather silvery white, with very fine waving lines of black; back with very indented

     brown bands, between which spaces grey with stains of "lemon yellow". Head figured

     brown and lemon yellow.- upper surface of feet yellow, tail ringed brown and white &

     grey.— Port St Julian.

1025 Bufo Chilensis Bibr. n.s.

1060 Bufo D'orbigny young

1063. 1198 Proctotretus tenuis - common in Chile.

1064  Proctotretus pictus same as Capt. King's also 1089

[1025, 1060, 1063, 1198 and 1064 - Darwin]       


1834. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

Valparaiso. August.

1022. Lizard. brown nearly chesnut. This is of a very common size & colour. Is it young of


1023. Bufo. Pale dirty yellow. Back blackish brown, over eye as far as behind front legs jet

         black band.

1024. Bufo. "yellowish and broccoli brown" with darker brown marks; broad medial dorsal

         band of pale "gallstone yellow". Lumbar glands "saffron yellow" with jet black marks.

1025. Bufo, dirty "wax yellow" clouded above with blackish grey; when taken or handled

         utters a gentle plaintive repeated note, like some bird. Are found beneath stones.

1041. Snake, above "wood brown" with 3 band of "umber brown", ventral scales, with double

         arches of black, the rest coloured pale yellowish green.

1053. Snake, four longitudinal bands of dark brown, 2 central ones broadest, elegantly

         connected transversely.

1054. Snake, one central broad, dark brown band.

(- September and October -)

1060. Bufo. Bright yellow lines and patches; and red punctures.

1061. 1062. Lizards.

1063. 1064. Lizards. The latter, above blackish; posterior half of body with many scales

         mottled with brilliant blue; anterior half with do greenish blue; these brilliant colours

         are nearly absent, by degrees in different individuals, (excepting a few scales on the



1173. 1061. 1062. 1022. 1021. 687. 434. 1172. 1163. 1171. 435. Protrocteus n.s.

1076. 1179. 1178. 1189. 1190. n.g.-



1834. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

in some individuals as (1063), which is simply brownish black, with transverse black bands- basking in sun on rocks in mountains.  Nancagua.                 Septr or Octobr

1072. young Frog. like Fish. Tadpole [Darwin]                                Do.              Valparaiso.

Archipelago of Chiloe           Novr - Decr

1173 Lizard from Valdivia [Darwin]

1076. Frog.

1082. Lizard.

1086. Frog. Under side; throat, breast and cheeks rich chesnut brown, with snow white

         marks; thighs of hinder legs blackish with do marks, legs yellowish also with do

         marks. Upper side, pale iron rust colour, with posterior parts of body, thighs and

         anterior marks (one triangular and other transverse) beautiful bright green. iris rust

         colour; pupil black. eyes small. appearance very pretty and curious. nose finely

         pointed. Jumps like a Frog, inhabits thick and gloomy forest. Island of Lemuy. This          (1835) species is excessively common in the forest of Valdivia, seems subject in its colours to

         remarkable variation.

[1086, 1835 - M. Gray considers these different species - Darwin]

(1178) Specimen (1178) under surface posteriorly jet black and snow white marks, anteriorly  

         rich chesnut brown; above cream colour, with triangular slightly darker shades and

         small marks of green. (There is a point in all at joint of hind legs. iris of all is rusty  (1179) red):(1179) Above cream-coloured, without shade of green, hinder legs yellow;

         beneath all black with different shaped marks of white: another, beneath anteriorly the

         brown is replaced by bright yellow. upper surface instead of cream colour, rusty red



1090. n.g?

1118. Bufo Chilensis young. see 1025.

1120 New genus

1136 probably n.g. Hylorina sylvatica B.



1834. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

Archipelago of Chiloe Novr & Decr.

darker triangular shadings. All die soon in confinement.

1087. Frog. on back a longitudinal narrow, bright yellow line; above blackish brown.

1088. Frog. in forest Pleurodema obscurum

1090. Frog. forest, bright dorsal longitudinal line of yellow; beneath orange tint.

Archipelago of Chonos. Decr.

Island of Inchy, North part of Cape Tres Montes.

1117. Frog. Same Locality, as Bufo (1118, 19) but base of mountain. above pale rust colour,

         with obscure dark angular shading. Band of fine chesnut brown, reaching from nose,

         cross eyes and over the tympanum.

1118. Bufo. and 1119. Do. Back pale "chesnut brown"

1119  with three longitudinal bands of "gamboge yellow" edged with black; marks of do on

          legs and on greenish sides, under jaw "primrose yellow", belly do with rings of black,

          or may be considered as black removed with very numerous circular yellow patches:

          Feet and very base of belly orange. The stripes of yellow, often are irregular and

 (a)     become five in number. (a) Look behind page [Darwin]

1120. Rana. From same great height and Locality, or (500 to 2500 feet elevation) beneath a

         stone; on centre of back, strong tinge of grass green which shades on sides into a light

         yellowish brown. Eyes very large. Iris coppery.

1136. Frog; above fine "grass green"(1835) mottled all over with copper colour; which

         nearly forms two longitudinal bands; beneath entirely a lurid reddish lead colour. Iris



(a)    Are exceedingly abundant all over the clear (from trees) damp mountains of granite, "Anna Pinks Harbour" or [Partch] Harbour; crawl about eating during day time, and make noise like Englishman does to encourage horse.— When first touched, many close their eyes, arch their back and draw up their legs (as if spinal marrow was separated) I presume as an artifice.— They are chiefly remarkable from the curious manner of running, like the Natter Jack in England and scarcely ever jump; neither do they crawl like a toad, but run very quickly.— Their bright colours give them a very strange appearance.-  Abound at an elevation from 500 to 2500 feet.

1168. 1213. 1088. 1024. Adenopleura north same specimen as 665. not yet desc. un fig?

1176. probably n.s. allied to Cystignathus tongue & teeth difft.

         Dec 1170. (I think cystgnathus T.B) Borbocœtes Grayii

[1168..., 1176 - Darwin]


1835. Jany  Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

Archipelago of Chonos.

eyes very prominent large: mouth very much rounded; jumps; inhabits thick forest.

1163. Lizard. Pale, with dark brown spots and two lines upon back of a blueish colour.

Chiloe. Jany.

1168. Frog. Valdivia; above "ash grey" with blackish brown marks oblong on back. Do. Do.

1170 & 986 Frog. same genus as 1176 - difft species - both new. [Darwin]

                  above reddish brown with blackish marks on back.                           Do. Do.

1171. Lizard, pale "chesnut brown" with two cream coloured longitudinal bands on back;

         emerald spots on sides; belly greenish.

Valdivia. Feby

1172. Lizard (Do?) without emerald spots.                                              Do.

1173. Lizard. Sides, head and tail black with brownish obscure marks, down back row of

         pairs of small do coloured marks. centre of back obscure mixture of colours, edged

         with dirty green; belly yellow, throat greenish, both freckled with dark spots.

1176. Frog. forest: above "ash grey", posteriorly with "chesnut brown", marks, sides and

         under surface, white and pale brown mottled.

1177. Frog. above bright rust red, beneath fuscous. band over eye along side, and lumbar

         gland blackish brown: forest.                                                                        Do.         

1178. 1179. Frog. See account of Frog (1086)                                                 Do.

1187. Snake, sand dunes. Concepcion.

         Above light brown, with three narrow ash coloured bands, bordered with a darker



There are two lizards without number from great height on Cordillera  -viviparous- [Darwin]

1192  Protroctretus Chilensis.

1194 Microlophus Lessonii young - 1230                                                       Do.

Pr. Chilensis var. B

1196. 1197 probably same as 1192, says Bibron

1208 Protroctere n.s. 767.

1279. n.s. allied to Holotrepis microlophus.


1835. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

shade of brown; belly very pale with a row in centre of triangular black marks; on cheeks two oblique lines of do.

1189. 1190 Frog. same as (1178) Valdivia

1191. Frog.

1192. Lizard, deformed double tail. Guasco.

1194. Lizard, nearly black, common on sea beach Copiapo.

1196. 1197. 1198. Lizards. Concepcion.

1199. Snake. Island St. Mary. Do.

1200 Frog. Concepcion.

1207. 1208. Lizards Coquimbo.

1213. Frog. Valparaiso.

1230. Lizards Iquique Peru.

1233. Snake. Traversia South of Mendoza.

         Colour primrose yellow with broad jet black bands which contain bright scarlet red

         square marks, belly black, excepting beyond tail, where rings of black and scarlet are

         continued all around.

         Scarlet brightest near head. young one.

1263  Snake. Little. Callao August.

Septemb: Galapagos. Chatham Island.

1271. Lizard, above brownish obscure coppery black: mottled with dirty white, so as to form

         two irregular white bands on each side. Crest coppery. Before arm jet black fold. Head

         and throat very dirty blue. Belly do yellowish, under lowest side of do white.

1279. Lizard. above cream coloured and pale brown.

1280. Lizard. (both common.)


1300 - 1271 - 1281 - 1303 - 1296 - 1280 - 1297 -

Holotrepis of Bibron new species - (Leiocephalus gen. of Gray, founded upon bad characters)-



1835. Septemb. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

- Galapagos –

1281. Lizard, certainly distinct species; above dusky olive green, mottled with blackish

         brown; belly cream-colour, with band on each side of fine orange; patch of do beneath

         throat. Sand dunes. Chatham Isd.

Charles Island.

1294. Snake. two dark "Liver brown" stripes separated by lighter brown; on each side of

         these, pale "yellowish brown", stripes edged again by the 'Liver brown", which shades

         beneath into pale "clove brown".

1295  Snake; sides "clove brown" back do tinged with "yellowish brown" marked with circular

         patches of "blackish brown", forming a double band.

1296. Lizard. Upper part, "clove brown" passing with "black brown" with black spots, sides

         tinted lightly with orange; some scales of crest near head white; belly whitish, whole

         throat before front legs glossy black.

         This is commonest variety; black spots on scales not unfequently are arranged in

         sinuous transverse bars and sometimes longitudinally; vary in numbers much.

1297. Lizard, above "Hair brown" mottled with "yellowish brown" (sometimes arranged in

         longitudinal bands) throat light black; on each side intense orange mark.

1300. Lizard, perhaps variety of (1296), above greenish sooty brown, mottled with yellowish

         brown; clouded and spotted with jet black; fold before front legs, do belly yellowish,

         some have side of face coloured orange.


1305. Amblyrhynchus cristatus – jun.

1315  Amblyrhynchus Demarlii Bibr. IV. p. 197.

1342  Platydactylus of Bibron Gehira elegans of Gray in Zool. Soc. not described nor figured

1354. Tiliqua sucurii of Cocteau I. [Læniolata] of Gray not figured

1355. Grammatophorus muricatus torque

1356  Hyla Peronii


1364  Grammatophorus barbatus jun. 1358 do.


1835 Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

Charles Island Sept.r

1301. Snake. sides "clove brown", belly pale do. ridge of back narrow band of do. bordered

         by sinuous margin of "umber brown".

1303. Lizard. above "blackish brown", beneath yellowish edged with orange, throat black.

1305. Black Lizard (for dissection) V. 333 This specimen for Mr Owen [Darwin]

James Island.

1308. Snake; on back two yellowish brown bands between which and on each side dark

         "umber brown"; belly pale.

1310. Snake; centre of back, one dark "umber-brown" band, edged with black each side

         "clove brown", shading into the whitish belly.

1315. Lizard. V. 336 For Mr Owen [Darwin]

1342. Lizard, whole body fine green; lines in trees; is said to make a laughing noise.

Bay of Islands. New Zealand. (1836)

1348. Snake. New South Wales, Jany.

1349. 1350. 1351. 1352. Frogs.      Do      Do

1353. 1354. 1355. Lizards.             Do      Do

[All crossed below]

1358. 1359. 1360. 1361. Lizards.              Do      Do      V. 346

1362. Lizard.  V. 347                             Do      Do

1363. Snake   V. 348                             Do      Do

1364. Lizard   V. Do.                                       Do      Do

March King Georges Sound.

1388.  Lizard, caught in trap baited with cheese, frequents rocks near coast.

1397   Frog, centre of back rich brown, lateral bands of pale orange, under which a narrow

          irregular line of the brown, orange brightest on flanks, hinder thighs and legs.


1358   Tiliqua Camarini (figure the specimen at the Zool Socy. being c better specimen)

1359 –Tiliqua ? named by Bibron not fig?



1836 Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

Hobart Town. Van Diemens Land. Feby.

1358. Lizard. Scales on centre of back, light green with brown, edged on side with black;

         scales on upper sides of body greyer and with less black; on lower sides reddish; belly

         yellow with numerous narrow irregular waving transverse lines of black, - These lines

         are formed by the lower margin of some of the scales being black: Head above grey,

         beneath whitish. Motion of the body when crawling like a snake. – not very active: in

         stomach beetles and Larva: common in open wood.

1359. Lizard. Two longitudinal black bands, marked with chains of yellowish white spots;

         upper parts of sides irregularly black with do. marks: belly whitish, tail simply brown. –

         Soles of feet pale, coloured.

1360. Lizard. Above pale brown, with very numerous little transverse undulating irregular

         black narrow bands; sides richer brown, - tail same as body but paler: soles of feet


1361. Lizard. Whole upper surface, dark blackish brown each scale with 4-6 most minute

         longitudinal streak, - (The black colour far prepondant) Belly reddish: throat white:

         soles of feet black.

1362. Lizard. Same genus as (1358). – Colour – slightly dark "Wood Brown" with central

         longitudinal band, crossed by about 5 broad every irregular bands of "Umber Brown":

         tail with do and generally darker. – Beneath paler with most obscure undulating black

         lines: top of head reddish Brown. Iris orange, purplish black:-

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1836 Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

Animal so torpid and sluggish that a man may almost tread on it before it will move. –

I lay down close to one and touching its eye with a stick, it would move its nictitating membrane and each time turn its head a little further; at last turned its whole body, when upon a blow on its tail, ran away at a slow awkward pace, like a thick snake and endeavoured to hide itself in holes in the rocks. – Appears quite inoffensive and has no idea of biting: held by the tail; collapses its front legs, close to body and posteriorly. – Stomach capacious full of pieces of a white mushroom, and a few large beetles (8) inactive such as Curculios and Heteromerous gana:- Hence partly Herbivorous! – Not uncommon on sunny grassy hills:- Tongue coloured fine dark blue. –

1363. Snake. Above coloured "Hair Brown with much Liver Brown." – beneath mottled grey.

         The abdomen being burst in catching the animal; a small snake, appeared from the

         disrupted egg; hence Ovoviporous [Ovoviviparous]: Is not this curious in Coluber?-

1364. Lizard. Along the back, a space ash coloured, which contracts over the loins; in centre

         of this chain of transverse marks, connected together, of the richest brown: within

         these marks, white spots and central pale brown line down whole back:- sides mottled

         with all the above colours.

         Belly ash, with few minute longitudinal dark streaks: Head with transverse ones of the

         dark brown: Common

1398 Hyla.

1446 Rana Mascariensis Bibr

1453 Scincus trivittatus – 1452 Cordylus griseus

1454 Gerrhosaurus sepiformis? not figured –

1456 Leptomerus – new – not fig?

1456.1457 Rana (Bibron will write about it)



1836. Reptiles in Spirits of Wine.

          I believe also at Sydney. –

          March. King Georges Sound.

1388.  Lizard, caught in trap baited with cheese, frequents rocks near coast.

1397   Frog, centre of back rich brown, lateral bands of pale orange, under which a narrow

          irregular line of the brown, orange brightest on flanks, hinder thighs and legs.

1398.  tree Frog, above, with irregular marks of bright green, margined with copper,

          intermediate spaces, pale silvery brown.

1399. Rana, above bright green, brown streak along the eyes, hinder thighs orange.

Mauritius May.

1445. 1446. 1447 Frogs; swampy places, near the sea; extraordinary high jumps.

Cape of Good Hope. June.

1452. 1453. 1454. Lizards.

1455. 1456. 145791458-1459. Frogs.

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Citation: John van Wyhe, ed. 2002-. The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. (

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