RECORD: Downing, John. [1873]. Short-horn breeding and type maintenance. CUL-DAR193.67. Edited by John van Wyhe (Darwin Online,

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed by Christine Chua and edited by John van Wyhe 9.2020. RN1

NOTE: Darwin corresponded with John Downing and Downing also paid him a visit in 1873. Reproduced with permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library.


"Short-horn breeding and type maintenance"

Bell's weekly messenger. March 31st 1873 

"First that no eminent early short horn breeder has ever been able to keep up his herd for a long period without taking a cross.

Second, that the great breeders possessed herds having special and distinctive types.

Third, that they repeatedly introduced fresh blood.

Fourth that they maintained these types notwithstanding.

Fifth that never were their animals better than when the influence of fresh blood was considerable

I am Sir yours etc.,

"A Friend of short-horn progress i.e. J. Downing

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