RECORD: Darwin, C. R. n.d. Sturt vol 1: xxxix. CUL-DAR38.835a. Transcribed and edited by John van Wyhe. Edited by John van Wyhe (Darwin Online,

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed and edited by John van Wyhe 3.2013. RN1

NOTE: Reproduced with the permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library and William Huxley Darwin.


Sturt Vol. I. xxxix. Intro1

Shoal Haven Gully 1200ft. about 1/4 of mile broad; country on each side level.-

Dry season return periodically after every

1 Sturtt 1833, 1:xxxix:

"At Goulburn Plains, however, a vein of limestone occurs, which is evidently connected with that forming the ShoalHaven Gully, which is perhaps the most remarkable geological feature in the colony of New South Wales. It is a deep chasm of about a quarter of a mile in breadth, and 1200 feet in depth. The country on either side is perfectly level, so much so that the traveller approaches almost to its very brink before he is aware of his being near so singular an abyss. A small rivulet flows through the Gully, and discharges itself into the sea at ShoalHaven; but this river is hardly perceptible, from the summit of the cliffs forming the sides of the Gully, which are of the boldest and most precipitous character. The ground on the summit is full of caves of great depth, but there has been a difficulty in examining them, in consequence of the violent wind that rushes up them, and extinguishes every torch."

See further notes in the Red Notebook.

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