RECORD: Darwin, C. R. Limestone with lead ore: Maldonado. (nd) CUL-DAR42.141 Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker (Darwin Online,

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker, corrections and editing by John van Wyhe, corrections by Gordon Chancellor 3.2011. RN3

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Reproduced with the permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library and William Huxley Darwin.


P.20. —

Limestone with lead ore: Maldonado. Mr Mawe1

Gold ore: do: Falkner:2

At junction of Barriga Negra & Polanco limestone, dull thick colour &c &c. P. 24 Mawe

Gypsum. in concretions on surface. & limestone &c &c &c Mawe. P.25.

Minas: Limestone (lead & silver?).

Saltpetre district runs from. Vuulcian & Cape St Antonio to Corrientes. — St Jago & Rioja. — with hills in centre, which produce fresh water. — Falkner p. 37

No rock in Buenos Ayres. — but at Tardil Vuulcan, then any stone proper to the ground. Falkner. p.55

Fossil bones of various sorts at Parana & few leagues from the mouth of Carcaran — p 55 Falkner

In the cliffs, West of St Licia there are peculiar flat stones. Cap: Paget:3

Teeth belonging probably to Mastodon found at Salto in Province do B. Ayres

1 Mawe 1825.

2 Falkner 1774.

3 Charles Henry Paget (1806-1845), captain in the Royal Navy. He is mentioned several times in the Beagle Diary between March and October 1832.

141 verso

their teeth are now in possession (2 of them) of Manuel Esquenaga at Buenos Ayres:1

This is a rough outline of the one yet in possession of Fr Barbosa

k k

This tooth was much smaller than the others. — the drawing represents the gnawing surface. — I should this (a) was the outer side. — it has been been much worn (k k) are the curved plate of enamel — the whole surface now flat. I should think was formerly composed of 3 hillocks. (perhaps double) if so agreeing with small tooth of Mastodon: — Get Mr East to make drawing: —

1 Manuel Esquenaga has not been identified.


Salto is near either Rio Arrenco or Arrecife — perhaps it the upper part of the latter: — in possession of Miss Bartoza. at M. Video (Balti head Arrecife. Ignat: Nuevoz)

What sort of case had the fabulous gran bestia ??

Oakley (-farmer) found Megatherium for Mr Parish.2 Monte Video

South of Rio Negro. cliffs of Tosca. ? Mr Parry3

Cliffs of limestone (burnt for lime) north of the Aroia del Palmar. Mr Parry

Viscaches post coitum, quasi canes inter se adnexi sunt4

Mr Patchley (good authority on the bank of Rio Salado. there occurs beautifully crystallized gypsum.

Mr Oakley. gave some to Mr Parish

Mr Flint an american merchant has a large tooth at B. Ayres4

(Mr Oakley ?)

1 Miss Bartoza has not been identified.

2 Oakley was the agent of Woodbine Parish (1796-1882), the British consular representative. He is mentioned various times in the Beagle notebooks and the Geological diary, see here.

3 Mr Parry, a British merchant at Montevideo.

4 Latin for 'Viscaches after intercourse are connected to each other like dogs' Darwin later used this remark in his Beagle animal notes CUL-DAR29.1.A1-A49, in the Zoological diary, p. 180, and finally in Mammalia, p. 88.

4 Mr Flint, an American merchant at Buenos Ayres.

141[.1] verso

A gigante near Mondoza

name of hill 500 ft high

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Citation: John van Wyhe, editor. 2002-. The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. (

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