RECORD: Darwin, C. R. n.d. Abstract of Roulin, Jack, Fleming in Botanical Gazette. CUL-DAR73.123-124. Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker, edited by John van Wyhe (Darwin Online,

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker, edited by John van Wyhe 3.2014. RN1

NOTE: Reproduced with the permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library and William Huxley Darwin.


Bot. Gazette. vol I. p. 141. Mr. Roulin "on the tranformations of the Flora of Central Europe during the Tertiary period" from the Annales des Sc. Nat. 3d. ser. X. 193. (1848)

p. 154 The Eocene species are related to genera now belonging to intertropical regions.

The Miocene species belong to genera of which several are found in India & tropical America, but which for most part inhabit sub-tropical & temperate regions. The pliocene species are related to genera, which almost all inhabit the temperate regions, either of the old Continent or of U. States, a few only of the genera existing in India & Japan & N. Africa.

p. 145. some species, though few in number, are common to two of the Tertiary Formations. —

This is important as showing no great duration of species. (Confirmed by immense change since Carboniferous Era) —

Do terrestrial creatures change quicker. Mamifera Yes. Shells ??


Bot. Soc. of Edinburgh Jun 14th 1849. Dr Fleming "Remarks on the Origin of Plants" concludes that many individuals were first created of grasses, for instance for the support of animals — recommends abolition of term of "specific centre of distribution" & using "patches of distribution." —

Bot. Gazette. vol I. p. 227. Mr Jack on the Flora describes case of bunches of grapes, bearing "on one side white Burgundy on the other red Rülander, or even red Rulander & black Burgundy; the berries, therefore, were different in colour, size & flavour. Even the separate berries, had sometimes half, sometimes a third, or even a quarter belonged to the different sorts.

Attributes it to pollen of these 3 neigbouring kinds, which were actually growing in adjoining rows.

124 verso

Bot. Gazette vol I. p. 302. Quotes Phytologist Oct. 1849. Henslow on raising Primulae from Seed. — In Novr Mr Sidebotham on do.

Bot. Gazette vol. I. p. 307. from Bot. Zeitung Sept. 21. 49. case of Berlin nurseryman who cultivates the wall-flower extensively "observed several specimens of this plant in which every pedicel arose from the axil of a lanceolate, acuminate bract as is well known the occurrence of bracts is exceedlingly rare in the Cruciferae, they exist however in Cardamine picta, Card. laxa nasturtioides, as well as in Sisymbrium curvisiliquum.

are these genera allied to Cheiranthus. In Lindley Cardamine occurs in same sub-fam. of Aretidae, but Sisyrhin very distant group.

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