RECORD: Darwin, C. R. n.d. Cuvier, Risso in Annales du Museum (Paris), vols. 19, 20. CUL-DAR73.52. Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker, edited by John van Wyhe (Darwin Online,

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker, edited by John van Wyhe 3.2014. RN1

NOTE: References:

Cuvier, G. 1812. Sur un nouveau rapprochement à etablir entre les classes qui composent le Regne animal. Annales du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris 19: 73-84.

Risso, A. 1813. Memoire sur l'histoire naturelle des orangers, bigaradiers, limettiers, cedratiers, limoniers ou citroniers, cultives dans le departement des Alpes-Maritimes. Annales du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris 20: 169-212.

Reproduced with the permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library and William Huxley Darwin.


Tom. 19 p. 73. G. Cuvier remarks that true system of classification depends on taking organs of most influence, or most constant — says that Botanists are obliged to depend on constancy, because use of parts not well known in plants — constancy with zoologists being "moyen subsidiaires." — (I do not agree one iota, high as authority is. Jussieu & MIrbel were right in constancy going with connection of organs.)

Tom. XX. A. Risso Mem. sur l'Hist. des Orangers &c.

p. 188. Correlation "Citrus aurantium fructu variabilis" a var. of common orange, which has the leaves on new shoots rounded-oval "tachetees" spotted with yellow, & borne on petioles with heart-shaped wings; when these are fallen, they are succeeded by leaves more elongated, narrower & undulated, of a pale green "liserées" (bordered?) de jaune, situated on long petioles without wings — The front at first (ie when young) oblong, &c changes in form when ripe & are at first sweet & then become bitter. (The first fact good to quote to show change, from correlation of organization or external causes, & independent of selection &c.)


52 verso


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