Bibliography of works cited on Darwin Online

This is a bibliography of the works cited in short reference form (e.g. Smith 1842) in the editorial notes and introductions on Darwin Online. It includes only works which are not provided in full on this site. Short references to works which are provided on the site link directly to the work itself, not to this bibliography. To find a complete reference for an item which is available only as images, find its entry on the contents or supplementary works pages or in the bibliographical database. For the bibliography of Darwin's own works see the Freeman bibliographical database.
Scroll down or use Ctrl + f to locate a specific item in this bibliography.
Note this is work-in-progress. We welcome corrections, email Dr John van Wyhe


1837 and 1840. L’Institut: Sciences mathématiques, physiques et naturelles. 2 vols. Paris. 1ère section.

Abbot, Francis Ellingwood. [1872]. Truths for the times. Ramsgate, Kent: Thomas Scott.

A. B. F. 1867. Hedgehog eccentricities. Hardwicke’s Science Gossip No. 33 (1 September): 213.

Adler, S. 1959. Darwin's illness. Nature (10 October): 1102-3.

Agassiz, Jean Louis Rodolphe. 1833-43. Recherches sur les poissons fossiles. 5 vols. & atlas of 5 vols. Neuchatel.

Agassiz, Jean Louis Rodolphe. 1838. On the erratic blocks of the Jura. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 24: 176-9.

Agassiz, Jean Louis Rodolphe. 1840. Etudes sur les glaciers. Neuchâtel: Jent et Gassmann.

Agassiz, Jean Louis Rodolphe. 1850. Lake Superior: its physical character, vegetation, and animals, compared with those of other and similar regions. Boston: Gould, Kendall and Lincoln.

Agueros, Pedro Gonzalez de. 1791. Descripción historial de la provincia y archipiélago de Chiloe´ en el reyno de Chile y obispado de la Concepción. Madrid: B. Cano.

Alban, John. 1990. The wider world. In Griffiths, Ralph A., ed., The city of Swansea: Challenges and change. Stroud.

Allan, Mea. 1977. Darwin and his flowers. The key to natural Selection. London: Faber and Faber.

Allardyce, James. 1836. On the granitic formation, and direction of the Primary mountain chains, of Southern India. Madras Journal of Literature and Science. vol. 4, pp. 327-335.

Alter, Stephen G. 1999. Darwinism and the linguistic image: Langauge, race, and natural theology in the nineteenth century. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Anderson, James. 1863. Orchid cultivation, cross-breeding, and hybridising. Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s. 4 (103) (17 March): 206-208.

Anon. 1823. Account of the earthquake at Chili in November 1822. Quarterly journal of science, literature and arts 17: 38.

Anon. 1833. The nautical almanac and astronomical ephemeris for the year 1834. Published by order of The Lords Commisioners of the Admiralty. London: John Murray.

Anon. 1834. Extract from a Private Letter addressed to Captain Sabine, R.A. F.R.S., by Mr. David Douglas, F.L.S. Dated Woahoo (Sandwich Islands) 3d of May, 1834. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London Vol. IV, pp. 333-342.

Anon. 1837. [Review of] A Collection of Memoirs and Documents Relative to the History, Ancient and Modern, of the Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.— by Pedro de Angelis. Athenaeum no. 496 (29 April), p. 302.

Anon. 1842. On falls of dust on vessels traversing the Atlantic. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 33: 134-136.

Anon. 1857. [Various methods of weed propagation.] Gardeners' Chronicle No. 45 (7 November): 762.

Anon. 1873a. Dr. Carpenter on mental acquisitions and inheritance. Spectator 45 (11 January): 42-4.

Anon. 1873b. Perception of instinct in lower animals. Nature 7 (20 March): 377-8.

Anon. 1887a. Review of The life and letters of Charles Darwin. Ed. Francis Darwin. Athenaeum 3135: 713-714.

Anon. 1887b. Review of The life and letters of Charles Darwin. Ed. Francis Darwin. Scotsman (19 November).

Anon. 1925. Sir Francis Darwin. Obituary. Nature (17 October): 584.

Appel, Toby. 1987. The Cuvier-Geoffroy debate: French biology in the decades before Darwin. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Arlett, W. 1836. Survey of Some of the Canary Islands, and of Part of the Western Coast of Africa, in 1835. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London 6: 285-310.

Armstrong, Patrick H. 1985. Charles Darwin in Western Australia: a young scientist's perception of an environment. Nedlands, W.A.: University of Western Australia Press.

Armstrong, Patrick H. 1991. Three weeks at the Cape of Good Hope 1836: Charles Darwin's African Interlude. Indian Ocean Review. 4(2): 8-13,19.

Armstrong, Patrick H. 1991. Under the Blue Vault of Heaven: A study of Charles Darwin's Sojourn in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Nedlands, Western Australia: Indian Ocean Centre for Peace Studies.

Armstrong, Patrick H. 1992. Darwin’s desolate islands: a naturalist in the Falklands, 1833 and 1834. Chippenham: Picton.

Armstrong, Patrick H. 2002. Antlions: A link between Charles Darwin and an early Suffolk naturalist. Transactions of the Suffolk Natural History Socety 38: 81-6.

Armstrong, Patrick H. 2004. Darwin's other islands. London and New York: Continuum.

Arrowsmith, Aaron. 1823. A new general atlas, constructed from the latest authorities. London and Edinburgh: Archibald Constable & Co.

Arthur, W. 1878. On the brown Trout introduced into Otago. [Read before the Otago Institute, 9th July, 1878.] Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 11: 271-290, pl. XIII.

Aubuisson de Voisins, Jean François d'. 1819. Traité de géognosie: ou Exposé des connaissances actuelles sur la constitution physique et minérale du globe terrestre. 2 vols. Strasbourg: F. G. Levrault.

Audubon, John James. 1831-1839. Ornithological biography: Or an account of the habits of the birds of the United States of America... 5 vols. Edinburgh: Adam Black.

Austen, Robert Alfred Cloyne. 1838. On the origin of the limestones of Devonshire. [Read 25 April] Proceedings of the Geological Society of London 2 (1833-1838): 669-70.

Austen, Robert Alfred Cloyne. 1842. On the geology of the south-east of Devonshire. Transactions of the Geological Society of London 2d ser., 6: 433-489.

Azara, Félix d'. 1801. Essais sur l'histoire naturelle des quadrupèdes de la Province du Paraguay écrits depuis 1783, jusqu'en 1796, avec une appendice sur quelques reptiles; et formant suite nécessaire aux Oeuvres de Buffon. Traduits sur le manuscrit inédit de l'Auteur, par M. L. E. Moreau-Saint-Méry. Paris: Imprimerie de C. Pougens, Librairie de Madame Huzard.

Azara, Félix d'. 1802-5. Apuntamientos para la historia natural de los páxaros del Paraguay y Rio de la Plata. Madrid: Imprenta de la Viuda de Ibarra. 3 vols.

Azara, Félix d'. 1809. Voyages dans l'Amérique Méridionale par F. de Azara depuis 1781 jusqu'en 1801, contenant la description géographique, politique et civile du Paraguay et de la rivière de La Plata, l'histoire de la découverte et de la conquête de ces contrées; des détails nombreux sur leur histoire naturelle, et sur les peuples sauvages qui les habitent. Publiés d'après les manuscrits de l'auteur, avec une notice sur sa vie et ses écrits, par C. A. Walckenaer; enrichis de notes par G. Cuvier ... suivis de l'histoire naturelle des Oiseaux du Paraguay et de La Plata par le même auteur, traduite, d'après l'original espagnol, et augmentée d'un grand nombre de notes par M. Sonnini. Accompagnés d'un Atlas de vingt-cinq planches. Paris: Dentu.

Bachman, John. 1836. On the migration of birds of North America. American Journal of Science 30: 81-100.

Bacon, Francis. 1625. Of studies In The essaies of sr. Francis Bacon. Newly enlarged. London: Haviland for H. Barret and R. Whitaker.

Balbi, G. 1811. Gasparo Balbi's voyage to Pegu, and observations there gathered from his own Italian Relation [1579]. In Pinkerton, John ed. A general collection of the best and most interesting voyages and travels, vol. 9. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme.

Barrett, Paul H., 1977. The collected papers of Charles Darwin. 2 vols. Chicago and London: Chicago University Press. With a foreword by Theodosius Dobzhansky.

Barrett, Paul H., Gautrey, Peter J., Herbert, Sandra, Kohn, David, Smith, Sydney eds. 1987. Charles Darwin's notebooks, 1836-1844: Geology, transmutation of species, metaphysical enquiries. London: British Museum (Natural History); Cambridge: University Press.

Bary, Anton de 1877. Vergleichende Anatomie der Vegetationsorgane der Phanerogamen und Farne. Leipzig: W. Engelmann, volume 3.

Batalin, Alexander Feodorowicz. 1880. Ueber die Function der Epidermis in den Schlauchen von Sarracenia und Darlingtonia. Acta Horti Petropolitani 7: 345-359.

Bates, Henry Walter. 1861. Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley. Lepidoptera: Heliconidæ. [Read 21 November 1861.] Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 23 (1860-2): 495-566.

Bates, Henry Walter. 1863. The naturalist on the River Amazons. A record of adventures, habits of animals, sketches of Brazilian and Indian life, and aspects of nature under the equator, during eleven years of travel. 2 vols. London: John Murray.

Beaton, Donald. 1860. Crossing flowers. Cottage Gardener 24: 253-5.

Beaton, Donald. 1860b. Begonias. The Cottage Gardener and Country Gentleman 24 (12) (10 June): 193-195.

Beaton, Donald. 1861a. Cross-breeding plants. Journal of Horticulture (25 June): 232-4.

Beaton, Donald. 1861b. Phenomena in the cross-breeding of plants. Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s. 1 (7) (14 May): 112-113.

Beaton, Donald. 1861c. Crystal Palace flower and fruit show – May 18. Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s. 1 (9) (28 May): 153-155.

Beaton, Donald. 1863. Influence of pollen on the appearance of seed. Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener (27 January): 70-1.

Beatson, Alexander. 1816. Tracts relative to the Island of St Helena: written during a residence of five years. London: Printed by W. Bulmer and Co.

Bechstein, Johann Matthäus. 1789-95. Gemeinnützige Naturgeschichte Deutschlands nach allen drey Reichen. Ein Handbuch zur deutlichern und vollständigern Selbstbelehrung besonders für Forstmänner, Jugendlehrer und Oekonomen. 4 vols. Leipzig: Siegfried Lebrecht. Crusius.

Beechey, Frederick William. 1831. Narrative of a voyage to the Pacific and Beering's Strait, to co-operate with the polar expeditions performed in His Majesty's ship Blossom, in the years 1825, 26, 27, 28. 2 vols. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley.

Beechey, Frederick William. 1832. Narrative of a voyage to the Pacific and Beering's Strait, to co-operate with the polar expeditions performed in His Majesty's ship Blossom, in the years 1825, 26, 27, 28. Philadelphia: Carey & Lea.

Bell, Charles. 1824. Essays on the anatomy and philosophy of expression. 2d ed. London: John Murray.

Belt, Thomas. 1874. The naturalist in Nicaragua: A narrative of a residence at the gold mines of Chontales; journeys in the savannahs and forests; with observations on animals and plants in reference to the theory of evolution of living forms. London: John Murray.

Beneke, Friedrich Wilhelm. 1862. Studien über das Vorkommen, die Verbreitung und die Function von Gallenbestandtheilen in den thierischen und pflanzlichen Organismen. Gießen: J. Ricker'sche Buchhandlung.

Bennett, Alfred William. 1869. On the fertilisation of winter-flowering plants. Nature 1 (4 November): 11-13.

Bentham, George. 1869. Note on the styles of Australian Goodenovieae. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Botany) 10: 203-6.

Bentham, George. 1871. Notes on the styles of Australian Proteaceae. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Botany) 13 (1873): 58-64.

Benton, M. J. 1990. Vertebrate palaeontology. London: Unwin Hyman.

Benza, P. M. 1836. Memoir on the geology of the Neelgherry and Koondah mountains. Madras journal of literature and science no. 13 (October): pp. 241-299.

Berkeley, M. J. 1854. Vegetable pathology. Gardeners' Chronicle (24 June): 404.

Berkeley, M. J. 1855. Vegetable pathology. Gardeners’ Chronicle (1 September): 278.

[Bernardin de Saint Pierre, Jacques Henri]. 1773. Voyage a l'isle de France, a l'isle de Bourbon, au cap de Bonne-Espérance, &c.: avec des observations nouvelles sur la nature & sur les hommes. Amsterdam, volume 1.

Beudant, F. J. 1822. Voyage mineralogique et geologique, en Hongrie, pendant l'anne 1818. 4 vols. Paris.

Bischof, Carl Gustav Christoph. 1839. On the natural history of volcanos and earthquakes. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 26: 25-81, 347-86.

B. L. 1867. An original mode of fathering fruit. Hardwicke’s Science Gossip No. 32 (1 August): 184-185.

Blainville, Henri Marie Ducrotay de. 1834. Rapport sur les resultants scientifiques du voyage de M. Alcide d'Orbigny…par MM. De Blainville, Brongniart, Savary, Cordier. Nouvelles annales du Muséum National d'Histoirs Naturelle 3: 84-115.

Bollaert, William. 1838. Description of the Insulated masses of Silver found in the mines of Huantaxaya, in the province of Tarapaca, Peru. Proceedings of the Geological Society of London 2:598-665.

Boner, Charles. 1860. Chamois hunting in the mountains of Bavaria and in the Tyrol. With illustrations by Theodore Horschelt. 2nd edition. London: Chapman & Hall.

Boner, Charles. 1861. Forest creatures. London: Longman, Green, Longman & Roberts.

Boner, Charles. 1865. Transylvania: its products and its people. With maps and numerous illustrations after photographs. London: Longmans, Green, Reader and Dyer.

[Bonney, Thomas George?]. 1882. [Review of] An old chapter of the geological record with a new interpretation, or rock metamorphism (especially the methylosed kind), and its resultant imitations of organisms: with an introduction, giving an annotated history of the controversy on the so-called Eozoon canadense… by King and Rowney. Philosophical magazine pp. 217-222.

Bory de Saint-Vincent, J. B. G. M. ed. 1822-1831. Dictionnaire classique d'histoire naturelle. 17 vols. Paris: Rey, Gravier; Baudoin Frères.

[Boué, A.] 1830. [Formations secondaires autour du monde.] Journal de Géologie 2 (6): 205-207.

Bougainville, Louis Antoine de, Count. 1772. A voyage round the world : performed by order of His Most Christian Majesty, in the years 1766, 1767, 1768, and 1769 by Lewis de Bougainville, colonel of foot, and commodore of the expedition, in the frigate La Boudeuse, and the store-ship L'Etoile; translated from the French by John Reinhold Forster. London: Printed for J. Nourse and T. Davies.

Boussingault, Jean Baptiste Joseph. 1834-5. Sur les tremblemens de terre des Andes. Bulletin de la Société géologique de France 6: 52-57.

Brand, Charles. 1828. Journal of a voyage to Peru: a passage across the Cordillera of the Andes, in the winter of 1827, performed on foot in the snow; and a journey across the Pampas. London: Colburn.

Bree, Charles Robert. 1872. An exposition of fallacies in the hypothesis of Mr. Darwin. London: Longmans, Green.

Brent, Peter. 1981. Charles Darwin: a man of enlarged curiosity. London: Heinemann.

Brongniart, Alexandre. 1833. Rapport fait à l’Academie Royale des Sciences, sur les travaux de M. Gay. Annales des Sciences Naturelles 28:26-35.

Brongniart, Alexandre. 1833. Rapport fait a l'Académie Royale des Sciences, sur les travaux géologiques de M. Gay. Annales des Sciences Naturelles 28:394.

Brown, Robert. 1832. Additional observations on the mode of fecundation in Orchideæ. [Read 5 June] Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 16 (1833): 739-45.

Brown, Robert. 1833. On the organs and mode of fecundation in Orchideæ and Asclepiadeæ. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 16: 685-745.

Browne, Janet. 1994. Missionaries and the human mind: Charles Darwin and Robert FitzRoy. In R. MacLeod and P. E. Rehbock eds. Darwin's laboratory: evolutionary theory and natural history in the Pacific. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, pp. 263-282.

Browne, Janet. 1995. Charles Darwin: Voyaging. London: Jonathan Cape.

Browne, Janet. 2002. Charles Darwin: The power of place. Volume II of a biography. London: Jonathan Cape.

Brown-Séquard, Charles Edouard. 1860. Hereditary transmission of an Epileptiform affection accidentally produced. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 10: 297-8.

Brullé, August. 1844. Recherches sur les transformations des appendixes dans les Articulés. Annales des Sciences Naturelles (Zoologie) 3d ser. 1: 271-374.

Buch, Christian Leopold von. 1813. Travels through Norway and Lapland, during the years 1806, 1807, and 1808. Translated from the original German by John Black. With notes and illustrations, chiefly mineralogical, and some account of the author, by Robert Jameson ... Illustrated with maps and physical sections. London: Henry Colburn.

Buch, Christian Leopold von. 1836. Description physique des iles Canaries, suivie d'une indication des principaux volcans du globe. Translated by C. Boulanger. Paris and Strasbourg: F.G. Levrault. [Translation of: Physicalische Beschreibung der Canarischen Inseln. Berlin, 1825.]

Buckland, William. 1821. Notice on the geological structure of a part of the Island of Madagascar, founded on a collection transmitted to the Right Honourable the Earl Bathurst, by Governor Farquhar, in the year 1819; with observations on some specimens from the interior of New South Wales, collected during Mr. Oxley’s Expedition to the River Macquarie, in the year 1818, and transmitted also to Earl Bathurst. Transactions of the Geological Society of London ser. 1, 5: 476-481.

Buckland, William. 1824. On the excavation of valleys by diluvial action, as illustrated by a succession of valleys which intersect the south coast of Dorset and Devon. Transactions of the Geological Society of London 2nd ser., 1: 95-102.

Buckland, William. 1826. On the formation of the valley of Kingsclere and other valleys by the elevation of the strata that enclose them; and on the evidences of the original continuity of the basins of London and Hampshire. Transactions of the Geological Society of London 2nd ser., vol. 2, pp. 119-130.

Buckland, William. 1836. Geology and mineralogy considered with reference to natural theology. 2 vols. London: William Pickering.

Buckland, William. 1841. On the glacia-diluvial phænomena in Snowdonia and the adjacent parts of North Wales. [Read 15 December] Proceedings of the Geological Society of London 3 (1838-42): 579-88.

Bueno, Cosme. 1738-1796. El Conocimiento de los Tiempos. Ephemerides del añ̃o de [1738,] 1739 [1750, 51, 53, 54, 62, 65, 67, 69-77, 79, 81, 85, 87, 88, 91, 92, 96]. Con calendario de las fiestas ... [1739] Por el doct. D. P. de Peralta Barnuevo y Rocha. ([1751-54] Por J. Rer. [1765-96]. Lima: Niños Huérfanos.

Burchell, William John. 1822-1824. Travels in the interior of Southern Africa. 2 vols. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown.

Burgess, Thomas Henry. 1839. The physiology or mechanism of blushing. London: John Churchill.

Burkhardt, F. et al eds. 1985-. The correspondence of Charles Darwin. 18 vols. Cambridge: University Press, (

Burmeister, Hermann. 1834. Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Rankenfüsser (Cirripedia). Berlin: G. Reimer.

Burnes, Alexander. 1842. Cabool: being a personal narrative of a journey to, and residence in the city, in the years 1836, 7, and 8. London: John Murray.

Burnett, John, 1837. Phenomena at sea. Nautical Magazine 291-292.

Butler, Samuel. 1879. Evolution, old and new; or, the theories of Buffon, Dr. Erasmus Darwin, and Lamarck, as compared with that of Mr. Charles Darwin. London: Hardwicke and Bogue.

Byron, George Anson. 1826. Voyage of H.M.S. Blonde to the Sandwich Islands, in the years 1824-25. London: John Murray.

Byron, John. 1832. Byron's narrative of the loss of the Wager : with an account of the great distresses suffered by himself and his companions on the coast of Patagonia from the year 1740 till their arrival in England 1746. London: H. Leggatt.

Caldcleugh, Alexander. 1825. Travels in South America, during the years 1819 - 20 - 21: containing an account of the present state of Brazil, Buenos Ayres, and Chile. 2 vols. London: John Murray.
Vol. 1 Text Image A332.1
Vol. 2 Text Image A332.2

Caldcleugh, Alexander. 1834. Geology of the Island of Juan Fernández. Proceedings of the Geological Society of London 1: 21-6.

Caldcleugh, Alexander. 1836. An account of the great earthquake experienced in Chile on the 20th of February, 1835, with a map. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 126: 21-26.

Campbell, Robert. 1826. Chart of the island of Ascension, with remarks on its geognosy. Edinburgh Philosophical Journal 14 (January): 47-51 (Plate 3).

Candolle, Alphonse de. 1855. Géographie botanique raisonnée ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l'époque actuelle. 2 vols. Paris: Victor Mason and Geneva: J. Kessmann.

Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de. 1820. Géographie botanique. In Cuvier, G. ed., Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles. Paris, 18: 359-422.

Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de. 1839-40. Vegetable organography; or an analytical description of the organs of plants. Translated by Boughton Kingdon. 2 vols. London: Houlston & Stoneman.

Carmichael, Dugald. 1818. Some account of the Island of Tristan da Cunha and of its natural productions. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London vol. 12, no. 29, pp. 483-513.

Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1850. On the mutual relations of the vital and physical forces. [Read 20 June.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (1850): 727-57.

Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1862. Introduction to the study of the Foraminifera. Assisted by W. K. Parker and T. R. Jones. London: Ray Society.

Catling, D. C. 2009. Revisiting Darwin's Voyage. In A. Kelly, M. Kelly, B. Dolan, J. Hodge, M. Waithe, A. C. Grayling, K. Ward, G. Dyson, and D. C. Catling eds. Darwin: For the Love of Science. Bristol: Cultural Development Partnership.

Champneys, F. N. 1881. Notes on an infant. Mind No. 21 (January): 104-7.

Chancellor, Gordon. 2008. The Beagle paintings of John Chancellor (1925-1984). Journal of the Linnean Society. Darwin Commemorative Edition.

Chancellor, Gordon and John van Wyhe, with the assistance of Kees Rookmaaker. 2009. Charles Darwin's notebooks from the voyage of the Beagle. [With a preface by Richard Darwin Keynes] (Cambridge University Press).

Chancellor, John. 1984. The maritime paintings of John Chancellor. Newton Abbot: David & Charles.

Chancellor, Rita and Austin Hawkins. 1989. John Chancellor's classic maritime paintings. Foreword by Sir Patrick Bayly. Newton Abbot: David & Charles.

Clarke, William Branwhite. 1839. A notice of showers of ashes which fell on board the Roxburgh, at sea, off the Cape de Verd islands, February, 1839. [Read 6 November.] Proceedings of the Geological Society of London 3 (1838-1842): 145-146.

Clarke, William Branwhite. 1842. On the occurrence of atmospheric deposits of dust and ashes; with remarks on the drift pumice of the coasts of New Holland. The Tasmanian journal of natural science, agriculture, statistics, &c. 1 (5): 321-30.

Cleaveland, Parker. 1816. An elementary treatise on mineralogy and geology: being an introduction to the study of these sciences, and designed for the use of pupils,—for persons attending lectures on these subjects,—and as a companion for travellers in the United States of America. Boston: Cummings and Hilliard; Cambridge: University Press.

Cohn, Ferdinand. 1882. Die Pflanze: Vorträge aus dem Gebiete der Botanik. Breslau: J. A. Kern.

Colnett, James. 1798. book A Voyage to the South Atlantic and Round Cape horn… London: W. Bennett.

Colp, Ralph, Jr. 1987. Charles Darwin's "insufferable grief". Free Associations 9: 7-44.

Colp, Ralph, Jr. 1992. "I Will Gladly Do My Best": How Charles Darwin obtained a Civil List Pension for Alfred Russel Wallace. Isis 83, no. 1 (March): 3-26.

Conrad, Timothy Abbot. 1835. Observations on the tertiary strata of the Atlantic Coast. American Journal of Science and Arts 28: 104-111, 280-282.

Conybeare, William Daniel and Phillips, William. 1822. Outlines of the geology of England and Wales. Pt 1. London: William Phillips.

Cooke, Benjamin. 1745. Extract of a letter from Mr Benj. Cooke, FRS, to Mr Peter Collinson, FRS, concerning the effect which the farina of the blossoms of different sorts of apple-trees had on the fruit of a neighbouring tree. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 43 (1744-5): 525-6.

Cordier, Pierre-Louis-Antoine 1837. Expeditions scientifique: Voyage au pôle austral. Geologie. Institut 5 (219): 283-284.

Courrejolles. 1802. Observations qui prouvent la nécessité d'observer et de méditer longtemps, avant de rien prononcer en physique en général, et en particulier sur la cause des tremblemens de terre. Journal de Physique, de chimie, d'histoire naturelle, et des arts 54: 103-115.

Crisp, D. J. 1983. Extending Darwin’s investigations on the barnacle life-history. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 20: 73-83.

[Crocker, Charles William.] 1861. Vincas. Gardeners' Chronicle (27 July): 699.

Crompton, A. W. and Singer, R. 1958. Darwin's visit to the Cape. Quarterly Bulletin of the South African Library (September): 9-11.

Crowe, Michael J. 1986. The extraterrestrial life debate 1750-1900: the idea of a plurality of worlds from Kant to Lowell. Cambridge: University Press.

Crüger, Hermann. 1864. A few notes on the fecundation of orchids and their morphology. [Read 3 March] Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 8 (1865): 127-35.

Cumming, Joseph George. 1846. The posidonian schist amidst trappean beds, and on traces of drift-ice in the South of the Isle of Man. Report of the 15th meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science held in Cambridge, June 1845: 60-61.

Cumming, Joseph George. 1848. The Isle of Man; its history, physical, ecclesiastical, civil and legendary. London: John Van Voorst.

Cuvier, Georges. 1817. Essay on the theory of the earth, with geological illustrations by Professor Jameson. Edinburgh & London.

Cuvier, Georges. 1830. The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organization...with additional descriptions of all the species hitherto named, and of many not before noticed. By Edward Griffith and others. Supplementary volume on the fossils. London: Whittaker, Treacher and Co.

'D. of Deal'. 1861. The Auricula bloom of 1861. Journal of Horticulture (4 June): 174-6.

Darling, L. 1984. H M S Beagle 1820-1870. Sea History 31: 27-42.

Darwin Correspondence Project Online Database ( incorporates and supercedes: Burkhardt Frederick H. and Sydney Smith eds. 1994. Calendar of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, 1821-1882, with supplement. Rev. edition. Cambridge: University Press.

Darwin, Bernard. 1955. The world that Fred made. London: Chatto and Windus.

Darwin, Francis and Acton, Edward Hamilton. 1894. The practical physiology of plants. Cambridge: University Press.

Darwin, Francis. 1876. The process of aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science series 2, 16: 309-319.

Darwin, Francis. 1877. On the glandular bodies on Acacia sphaerocephala and Cecropia peltata, serving as food for ants: with an appendix on the nectar-glands of the common Brake Fern, Pteris aquilina. Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 15: 389-409.

Darwin, Francis. 1877b. On the protrusion of protoplasmic filaments from the glandular hairs on the leaves of the common teasel (Dipsacus sylvestris). Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science 17 (July): 245-272,1 plate.

Darwin, Francis. 1895. The elements of botany. Cambridge: University Press.

Darwin, Francis. 1912. FitzRoy and Darwin, 1831-1836. Nature 88: 547-8. Text Image A259

Darwin, Francis. 1920. Springtime and other essays. London: John Murray. Text A265

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John van Wyhe


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