What's new

Darwin Online is by far the largest Darwin resource/publication in the world—and probably the most comprehensive scholarly website on any historical person. It contains 217,075 searchable text pages, 226,721 page images, 103,118 scans of manuscripts, 2,682 PDFs, 10,000 illustrations in books, Darwin's writings in 29 languages, 5,388 bibliographical records and 76,142 manuscript and archive records. The majority of have been edited and annotated here for the first time with more than 5,000 new editorial notes and hundreds of new editorial introductions. Significant additions and discoveries are listed on this page.

2021, 05.04

A newly recorded Darwin publication:

Darwin, C. R. 1877. Aus einem Briefe von Mr. Charles Darwin an die Redaktion. Kosmos. Text Image PDF F3333

German translations of Darwin articles in Kosmos:

Darwin, C. R. 1880. Die geschlechtlichen Faerbungen gewisser Schmetterlinge. Kosmos. PDF F1787b

Darwin, C. R. 1880. Fruchtbarkeit von Bastarden zwischen der gemeinen und chinesischen Gans. Kosmos. PDF F1786b

Darwin, C. R. 1881. Vererbung. Kosmos. Images PDF F1795b

After Darwin's death in 1882, an 1873 letter he wrote about his belief in God was widely reprinted in newspapers around the world. This is the original publication by the recipient of the letter:

Darwin, C. R. 1882. [Letter to N. D. Doedes on 2 April 1873 on Darwin's religious views]. In N. D. Doedes, Darwin's geloof aan God. De Nederlandsche Spectator. PDF F3334

See an English translation based on this:

Darwin, C. R. 1883. Rutland Daily Herald. Text F2531


2021, 05.02

A new and very detailed introduction to Darwin's Journal of researches or 'Voyage of the Beagle' by Gordon Chancellor has been added.

Introduction to Darwin's Voyage of the Beagle by Gordon Chancellor.

2021, 04.18

Darwin, C. R. 1895. [Letter to Andrew Crombie Ramsay, 10 October 1846]. In Archibald Geikie, Memoir of Andrew Crombie Ramsay, p. 85. Text PDF F3302

Darwin, C. R. 1947. [Letter to James Croll, 1868]. In H. P. Zuidema, Discovery of letters by Lyell and Darwin. Journal of Geology 55 (5): 439-445. PDF F2107

Newly transcribed recollections of Darwin

Darwin died 19 April 1882. Tributes and accolades soon poured in from all over the world. Perhaps none so personal as letters sent to the Darwin family, particularly to Francis Darwin. Francis placed notices, following his father’s death, in various newspapers and scientific journals asking for the loan of letters by Darwin, for a biography of his father. The biography is of course the Life and Letters of Charles Darwin published in 1887. The response to the notices was overwhelming. We have transcribed those with reminiscences and recollections of Darwin.

Agassiz, Alexander. 1882.06.07. [Recollection of Darwin in a letter to Francis Darwin]. Text  PDF CUL-DAR198.1.

Bates, Henry Walter. 1886.04.30. [Recollection of Darwin and Wallace’s civil list pension]. Text  PDF CUL-DAR198.11.

Cambridge, Octavius Pickard. 1882.10.02. [Recollection of Darwin in a letter to Francis Darwin]. Text PDF CUL-DAR198.31a.

Carpenter, W. B. 1882.06.13. [Recollection of Darwin in a letter to Francis Darwin]. Text PDF CUL-DAR198.33.

Downing, John. 1882.06.26. [Recollection of Darwin in a letter to Francis Darwin]. Text  PDF CUL-DAR198.60.

Du Bois-Reymond, Emil Heinrich. 1882.05.24. [Recollection of Darwin in a letter to Francis Darwin]. Text PDF CUL-DAR198.62.  

Fiske, John. 1882.07.27. [Recollection of Darwin in a lett er to Francis Darwin]. Text  PDF CUL-DAR198.71.

Galton, Francis. 1882.06.27. [Recollection of Darwin in a letter to Francis Darwin]. Text PDF CUL-DAR198.73.

Haliburton, Sarah Harriet née Mostyn Owen. 1882.11.12. [Recollection of Darwin in a letter to Francis Darwin]. Text  PDF CUL-DAR198.85.

Hooker, J. D. 1918. [Recollections of Darwin]. In L. Huxley ed., Life and letters of Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker. London: John Murray, vol. 2. Text A2094

Judd, John Wesley. 1882.06.04. [Recollection of Darwin in a letter to Francis Darwin]. Text PDF CUL-DAR198.113.  

Mengden, Nikolai von, Baron. 1882.00.00. [Recollection of Darwin in a letter to Francis Darwin]. Text PDF CUL-DAR198.139.  

Skertchly, Sydney B. J. 1882.06.08. [Recollection of Darwin in a letter to Francis Darwin]. Text PDF CUL-DAR198.191.

Sulivan, Bartholomew J. 1882.06.16. [Recollection of Darwin in a letter to Francis Darwin]. Text PDF CUL-DAR198.201.

Woodd, Charles H. L. 1882.06.21. [Recollection of Darwin in a letter to Francis Darwin]. Text PDF CUL-DAR198.222.

2021, 03.24

A newly discovered Darwin letter!

Darwin, C. R. 1848. Kent [letter on the potato disease]. Gardeners’
, no. 30 (22 July): 491. Text PDF F1901

This Darwin letter to the Gardeners’ Chronicle had been previously overlooked. We first re-publish it here. Darwin makes reference to the spread of the infamous potato blight of 1848. There is no other reference to the blight in Darwin's surviving correspondence making this brief line particularly interesting. See the pdf for the full context in which this line by Darwin appeared.

Previously unrecorded Darwin letters in print:

1875. Mr. Thomas Carlyle. The Standard, (6 December): 5. Text PDF F2754

1887. [Letter to W. H. Dallinger, 1878]. In Dallinger, The president's address. Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society: 191-192. PDF F2760

1891. [Letter to George Bentham, 25 November 1869]. In W. T. Thiselton Dyer, The multiplication of races. Nature, vol. 43, no. 1119, (9 April): 535-536. PDF F2756

1909. Letters from Charles Darwin [to F. A. Sampson]. Science, n.s. vol. XXX, no 766: 303-304. PDF F2755

1936. [Extract of a letter to John Richardson, 24 July 1837]. Aftermath of the Beagle voyage. The Times (12 October): 10. Text F2758

1995. [Letter to Rudolph Amandus Philippi, 3 April 1882]. In Darwin en Chile (1832-1835), Viaje de un naturalista alrededor del mundo, p. 32. Text F2759

And a strange apocryhal paper- the result of a garbled press report :

Anon. 1839. [On the gradual uprising of the Earth in certain Places, by Charles Darwin.] The Literary Gazette. Text A2084


2021, 03.05

The first large Darwin manuscript that was transcribed after the Darwin Online project set up its office in Cambridge was Darwin's Beagle diary. This transcription is true to the manuscript rather than being cleaned up for publication in print and is presented side-by-side with images of the original from the 1979 Genesis facsimile.

Darwin, C. R. [Beagle diary (1831-1836)]. Transcribed by Kees Rookmaaker. Text & image EH88202366

After the launch of Darwin Online, this transcription of the Beagle diary inspired the BBC to produce an abridged (c.60 minutes) audio version as BBC Radio 4's 'Book of the Week' in 2006. This is available only on Darwin Online here.

The Beagle diary was first transcribed and published in 1933 by Darwin’s granddaughter Nora Barlow. The standard edition now with an important introduction and excellent notes was published by Richard Keynes in 1988. Both are available online only on Darwin Online here (Barlow) and here (Keynes).


2021, 03.04

In 1979 a lavish 843-page 3.4kg facsimile edition of Darwin's Beagle diary was published together with a foreword by Prince Charles, an introduction by Richard Darwin Keynes and a reproduction of the crew list of the Beagle. The edition was limited to 500 copies, each signed by Darwin's great-grandson George Pember Darwin. Today book dealers still offer a few for hundreds of pounds. Most readers will never see a copy. We here provide the introductory and editorial material.

[Keynes, R. D. ed.] 1979. The journal of a voyage in H.M.S. Beagle by Charles Darwin. PDF F1583b

2021, 02.19

A new introduction to Charles Lyell's Principles of geology (1830-1833) and its influence on Darwin's scientific thinking by Gordon Chancellor.

Gordon Chancellor, Introduction to Charles Lyell’s Principles of Geology.

2021, 02.13

In 1873, Francis Galton asked Darwin to fill in a questionnaire for a study "on the dispositions of original workers in science". Darwin answered Galton's queries in the enclosure to a letter to Galton on 28 May 1873. Darwin's answers are interesting and very revealing. Galton only printed selected parts of Darwin's responses, but anonymously, in his book English men of science, their nature and nurture in 1874. In 1924 the complete questionnaire and many letters between Darwin and Galton were published by Karl Pearson.

These additions to Darwin Online have increased the number of transcribed text pages to over 200,000.

Darwin, C. R. 1874. [Answers to personal questionnaire]. In Francis Galton, English men of science, their nature and nurture. London: Macmillan: 90, 105, 119, 130, 165, 256. Text PDF F2059

Darwin, C. R. 1924. [Correspondence with Francis Galton]. In Pearson, Karl. The life, letters and labours of Francis Galton. 3 vols, in 4. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, vol. 2: 156-202. Text PDF F2753


2021, 01.30

A collection of articles in various languages on Darwin. See for example the news report of cricket matches played on the Down House grounds in 1870, a spoof of Darwin playing draw poker and an article by Horace Darwin on the 'worm stone'. Two early biographies of Darwin have been proofread and corrected.

Whewell, William. 1838. [Extracts of the address delivered at the anniversary meeting of the Geological Society of London, etc.] Proceedings of the Geological Society, (16 February): 3-4; 6-7, 24-27. Text A2037

Anon. 1870. [Cricket matches at Down House.] Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser (6 August): 2. PDF A2038

Spencer, H. 1872. The survival of the fittest. Nature 5: 263-264. PDF A2060

Anon. 1887. [Draw poker: A spoof or a forgery of words attributed to Darwin]. Los Angeles Herald (20 November): 6. PDF A2039

Anon. 1889. [Recollection of Darwin by John Lynn]. Death of the head-constable of Devonport. Western morning news (14 January): 5. PDF A2061

B. N. 1900. [On Darwin’s botanical activities]. Botanická činnost Darwinova. Praha: Matice česká při Museu Království českého, vol. 10:7: 198-201. PDF A2040

Darwin, Horace. 1901. On the small vertical movements of a stone laid on the surface of the ground. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, vol. 68: 253-61. PDF A2041

Rami, A. 1909. [Biographical sketch with portrait]. Nuori Voima (1 March), pp. 46-47. PDF A2042

Rordgaard, D. 1909. [Centenary with portrait]. Trondhjems Adresseavis (11 February): 1. PDF A2043

Anon. 1909. [Centenary with portrait]. Landsbladet (12 February): 1. PDF A2044

Anon. 1942. Darwin manuscripts and letters. Nature, no. 3810 (7 November): 535. PDF A2045

Early biographies of Darwin

Holder, Charles Frederick. 1892. Charles Darwin: his life and work. Text Image PDF A268

Woodall, Edward. 1884. Charles Darwin. a paper contributed to the Transactions of the Shropshire Archæological Society. Text Image PDF A317

Printed letters

Darwin, C. R. 1897. [Two letters to Gustav Jäger]. In Schlichter, H. G. edited and translated, Problems of Nature, etc. Text PDF F2752


2021, 01.24

Family Letters  

Darwin, Emma. [1879.28.06]. [Letter to Francis Darwin] Text CUL-DAR211.93

Darwin, Leonard. 1906.03.30. Letter to Bernard Darwin. Text CUL-DAR211.95

Darwin reading notes (abstracts):

Darwin, C. R. [1842]. [Abstract of J. F. Royle, Illustrations of the botany of the Himalayan Mountains, 1839]. Text CUL-DAR71.20-25

Darwin, C. R. [1844]. [Abstract of L. Lloyd, Field sports of the north of Europe, 1842, vol. 1]. Text CUL-DAR71.80-81

Darwin, C. R. [1847]. [Abstract of E. T. Bennett, The natural history and antiquities of Selborne, 1837, by Gilbert White]. Text CUL-DAR71.29-30

Darwin, C. R. [1847]. [Abstract of J. J. von Tschudi, Travels in Peru during the years 1838-1842]. Text CUL-DAR71.66-67

Darwin, C. R. [1849]. [Abstract of J. D. Dana, Geology of the U.S exploring expedition, 1849, vol 10]. Text CUL-DAR71.51-52

Darwin, C. R. [1852 or after]. [Abstract of R. Knox, Great artists and great anatomists, 1852]. Text CUL-DAR71.60-61

American editions

Darwin, C. R. 1846. Journal of researches into the natural history and geology of the various countries visited by H.M.S. Beagle etc. New York: Harper and Brothers. PDF F16

Darwin, C. R. 1889. The structure and distribution of coral reefs. 3d edition. New York: D. Appleton.  PDF F278

Darwin, C. R. 1891. Volcanic islands and South America. 3d edition. New York: D. Appleton. PDF F283

Darwin Centenary

Kraemer, Henry. 1909. The centenary of Charles Darwin. American Journal of Pharmacy, vol. 81 (April): 196-99. PDF A2033 

Harshberger, John W. 1909. Charles Darwin, as a botanist. American Journal of Pharmacy, vol. 81 (July): 342-51. PDF A2034

Power, F. B. 1909. Biographical sketch of Charles Darwin and the Darwin Commemoration at Cambridge. American Journal of Pharmacy, vol. 81 (November): 511-22. PDF A2035 

2020, 12.21

Online for the first time today, the foreword, introduction, maps, chronological register and a list of Darwin's equipment during the voyage of the Beagle, 78 pages in all, from:

Gordon Chancellor & John van Wyhe eds. with assistance from Kees Rookmaaker. 2009. Charles Darwin's notebooks from the voyage of the Beagle. With a foreword by Richard Darwin Keynes. PDF F2044

2020, 12.11

Charles and Emma Darwin were passionate about preventing animal suffering. In 1863 they jointly wrote a privately printed pamphlet, 'An appeal' against steel vermin traps. Darwin also published the text in the Gardener's Chronicle. Emma Darwin published it in the local newspaper, The Bromley Record, now added to Darwin Online. During the heated debates over vivisection (or operating on live animals) in the 1870s, she wrote a letter about animal cruelty to the editor of The Spectator, also added today.

Darwin, Emma. 1863. [An appeal]. The Bromley Record, (1 September): 168. PDF A2031

Darwin, Emma. 1877. Vivisection and cruelty. To the editor of the "Spectator". The Spectator, (6 January): 15. Text A2030

2020, 12.04

A great deal has been written about Charles Darwin and Karl Marx. Here are the first publications containing two letters by Darwin relevant to that convoluted story. The 1931 publication initiated the long-standing myth that Darwin had declined to have Marx's Das Kapital dedicated to him.

Darwin, C. R. 1897. [Letter to Karl Marx and recollection of Darwin by Aveling]. In E. B. Aveling, Charles Darwin and Karl Marx: a comparison. Text PDF F2565

Darwin, C. R. 1931. [Letter purported to be to Karl Marx but in fact to E. B. Aveling.] Pod Znamenem Marxizma [Под зна́менем маркси́зма]. [In Russian]. Text PDF F2566

2020, 11.29

Some more of Darwin's scientific reading notes have been transcribed and published for the first time.

[1844]. [Abstract of W. Scrope, The art of deer-stalking, 1839]. Text & image CUL-DAR71.70-73

[1847]. [Abstract of Prichard, Researches into the physical history of mankind, 1836]. Text & image CUL-DAR71.139-142

[On shells and plant migration]. Text & image CUL-DAR205.2.53

2020, 11.23

Today we are delighted to launch an extraordinary collection of scans (all transcribed here) of rare and important Darwin manuscripts from a private collection in the USA including notes on ants for the Origin of species, draft leaves of the Origin of species, Descent of man and Expression of the emotions. There is also the letter in which Darwin nervously presents Adam Sedgwick a copy of the Origin of species, a letter to T.H. Huxley about pigeons in preparation for his Royal Institution lecture, and a letter to Asa Gray on Variation. There is also the original receipt from Darwin's publisher for Descent of man- for £630.

Darwin, C. R. [c. 1858]. [Reading notes on Huber's Recherches sur les Moeurs des Fourmis Indigènes [Researches on the Habits of Indigenous Ants] (1810)]. Text & image PC-USA-OriginAnts

Darwin, C. R. 1858. [Draft leaf of Origin of species]. Text & image PC-USA-OriginMS270

Darwin, C. R. 1858-59. [Draft leaf of Origin of species]. Text & image PC-USA-OriginMS324

Darwin, C. R. 1859.11.11. [Letter to Adam Sedgwick on sending Origin of species]. Text & image PC-USA-SedgwickOrigin

Darwin, C. R. [1859].12.24. [Letter to T. H. Huxley on a manuscript on the evolution of pigeons]. Text & image PC-USA-HuxleyPigeons

Darwin, C. R. 1870. [Draft leaf of Descent of man]. Text & image PC-USA-DescentMS10

Darwin, C. R. 1871. [Receipt for Murray's payment for Descent of man]. Text & image PC-USA-DescentReceipt

Darwin, C. R. 1871. [Draft leaf of Expression]. Text & image CUL-DAR185.143

Darwin, C. R. 1871. [Draft leaf of Expression]. Text & image CUL-DAR185.144

Darwin, C. R. 1868.02.09. [Letter to Asa Gray on Variation]. Text & image PC-USA-GrayVariation

2020, 11.12

Some fascinating rare items on Darwin's home, Down House.

Anon. 1945. Down House during the war. The Advancement of Science. PDF A2012 (with thanks to J. David Archibald)

Dobson, Jessie. 1971. Charles Darwin and Down House. PDF A2011

Compare to this later guide to the house:

[Titheradge, P.] 1981. The Charles Darwin memorial at Down House, Downe, Kent. Text PDF A691

Here are some of the other items already on Darwin Online:

Anon. 1897. [Down House to be let]. The Times. Text A541

Anon. 1897. A run to Darwin's Downe. Image A987

Darwin, L. 1929. Memories of Down House. Text Image A224

Keith, A. 1922. Darwin's famous home. The Straits Times. Text A1103

[Keith, A.] 1929. Down House. British Association for the Advancement of Science Report of the ninety-sixth meeting…1928. PDF A1335

North, Marianne. 1894. [Recollection of a visit to Down House]. Text Image F2002

Skinner, A. J. 1927. [Letter of reminiscences of Darwin at Down House]. Text Image A543


2020, 10.16

Darwin, C. R. 1901. [Letters to Lyell and Thomas Francis Jamieson] in A. I. M'connochie, Across Creag Meaghaidh. The Cairngorm Club Journal, vol. 3: 236-37. Text F2564

Darwin, C. R. and Covington, S. 1832. [Diodon in Bahia]. Text & image CUL-DAR29.1.A49

Darwin, C. R. and Covington, S. [Reading notes on Thomas Bell's A History of British Quadrupeds]. Text & image CUL-DAR71.116-124

2020, 10.06

Published today, a recollection of Darwin on the Beagle by a shipmate has been transcribed as well two important transcriptions of Darwin's post-voyage geological notes from the UK by Michael B. Roberts.

Usborne, A. B. 1882.09.15. [Recollection of Darwin on the Beagle]. Text
& image

Darwin, C. R 1838.07.16. [Geological notes on Shrewsbury]. Text & image CUL-DAR5.B19-B22

Darwin, C. R. 1842.06.19. [Glacier notes]. Text & image CUL-DAR27.1.B1-B20

Darwin, C. R. 1932. [Brief extracts from 3 letters not previously published in 1932]. Darwin letters show personal side of author. The Times Dispatch [Richmond, Virginia] (20 November): 6. Text F2550

2020, 09.19

Today we publish transcriptions of some of Darwin's earliest notes including one on treating patients from information from his father and his grandfather's Zoonomia, characteristics of birds, notes on materia medica from Edinburgh University and some of his first geological notes taken near the family home. We have also transcribed the correspondence relating to the transfer of the Darwin papers to Cambridge University Library in the 1940s.

Darwin, C. R. [1825]. [Medical notes based on information from his father and grandfather]. Text & image CUL-DAR5.A3

Darwin, C. R. [1826]. [Birds – List of generic characters]. Text & image CUL-DAR5.A30-A31

Darwin, C. R. 1826. Dr. Duncan's Materia Medica. Text & image CUL-DAR5.A24-A27

Darwin, C. R. [1831]. [Early geological notes near Shrewsbury]. Text & image CUL-DAR5.B1-B4

Darwin, C. R. [c.1827-31?] [Note on rock formation in Massachusetts]. Text & image CUL-DAR5.B92

1942-1949. Correspondence between members of the Darwin family, British Association, etc., & Cambridge University Library, on the gift of the Darwin MSS. Text & image CUL-DAR156

2020, 08.30

A newly discovered memorial signed by Darwin (for the National Sunday League) and previously unrecorded recollections of Darwin with words attributed to him, including an overlooked visit by the Czech philosopher Josef Durdík.

Darwin, C. R. et al. 1860. Memorial to the Queen, presented by the National Sunday League. [London, printed]. Text PDF F2561

Darwin, C. R. 1876. [Recollection. "Yes, I am Darwin"]. In Durdík, Josef. [Visit to Darwin] Návštĕva u Darwina. Osvěta, Prague: Václav Vlček, vol. 6:10, (October): 717-27. Text F2562

Darwin, C. R. 1881. [Letter to Frithiof Holmgren on vivisection, 15 April 1881], Darwin on vivisektionen. Helsingfors Dagblad, no. 114, (29 April): 3. Text F1352a

Darwin, C. R. 1881. [Recollection of Darwin as a schoolboy by W. A. Leighton]. In Smith, W. G. A holiday in Shropshire. Gardeners' Chronicle (20 August): 232. Text F2563

2020, 08.27

Today we have added nine early translations of Darwin into Japanese as well as transcribed some draft fragments of Origin, Expression and other notes by Darwin.

Darwin, C. R. 1887. The descent of man [in Japanese]. Translated by Nitta Keijirou. Tokyo. PDF F2333

Darwin, C. R. 1891. Autobiography [in Japanese]. Translated by Gotō Seitarō. PDF F2339

Darwin, C. R. 1905. The origin of species [in Japanese]. Translated by Senzaburo Tachibana. Tokyo: Kaisekan. PDF F719

Darwin, C. R. 1909. The descent of man [in Japanese]. Translated by Shigeho Tanaka. Tokyo: Ryūbunkan. PDF F1099d

Darwin, C. R. 1912. Journal of researches [in Japanese]. Translated by Kaneteru Koiwai. Tokyo: Dōbun-kan. PDF F2312

Darwin, C. R. 1915. Foundations of The origin of species. [in Japanese] Tokyo: Dainihon Bunmei Kyukai. Translated by Fumio Abe. PDF F1563a

Darwin, C. R. 1921. The expression of the emotions [in Japanese]. Translated by Genjiro Ando & Aikichi Okamoto. Tokyo: Nihonhyōron-sha Shuppan-bu. PDF F1202b

Darwin, C. R. 1924. The origin of species [in Japanese]. Translated by Sakae Õsugi. Tokyo: Shinchō-sha. PDF F2324

Darwin, C. R. 1926. The descent of man [in Japanese]. Translated by Ohata Tatsuo. Tokyo: Nihonhyōron-sha. PDF F2335


Darwin, C. R. 1859. [Draft of Origin, folio 209]. Text & image CUL-DAR185.141

Darwin, C. R. 1871. [Draft page of Expression]. Text & image CUL-DAR185.143

Darwin, C. R. 1871. [Draft page of Expression]. Text & image CUL-DAR185.144

Darwin, C. R. 1863. [Abstract of The Game-Preserver's Manual by Edward Levett Darwin]. Text & image CUL-DAR185.147

2020, 08.23

Darwin, C. R. 1825-1826. Dr Hope's Chymistry. Text & image CUL-DAR5.A6-A11

Darwin, C. R. 1871. [Comment on Brehm's, The Life of Birds, 1871]. Morgenbladet (11 March): 4. Text PDF F2560

2020, 07.29

Today we add a new book on John Clements Wickham, 1st Lieutenant during Darwin's voyage on the Beagle, and the officer that Darwin got on better with than with any other. This richly illustrated book has been provided courtesy of its author Barrie Jamieson.

Jamieson, Barrie. 2019. John Clements Wickham: Charles Darwin's Glorious Fellow. Minos Books. PDF A1855

2020, 07.12

Huxley, Leonard. 1929. At Downe House, June 7, 1929. Cornhill Magazine (July), vol. 67: 80-83. Text A1798

Anon. 1891. Bromley Naturalists' Society: Excursion to Keston Rectory, the Rookery, and home of Darwin. Bromley & District Times (7 August): 6. Text A1793

Bain, Alexander. 1904. [Recollections and an 1873 letter of Darwin]. Autobiography. Text F2024

2020, 07.11

Thanks to the diligence of Christine Chua, we are adding a large collection of supplementary works that cover a myriad of topics in various languages. There are biographical sketches of Darwin, discussions of his work and tributes, several with interesting illustrations.

About Darwin

Anon. 1864. Royal Society Anniversary. [Copley medallist of the year: Charles Darwin.] Reader (3 December): 708-09. PDF A1782

Anon. 1874. [Biographical sketch with drawing by Frederick Waddy]. Men Of The Day, 2nd edition: 6-7. PDF A1785

Anon. 1879. Mr. Charles Darwin [Baly medal]. British Medical Journal, vol. 2, no. 966 (5 July): 15. PDF A1774

Anon. 1879. [Darwin and his writings, with portrait]. Examiner (11 October): 1311-12. PDF A1786

Anon. 1882. Hommage a Darwin. Revue Scientifique de la France et de l'etranger, Paris, series 3, vol. 4: 829. PDF A1755

Anon. 1896. [Charles R. Darwin in The Library of Historical Characters, etc.] William Finley & Co., pp.46-54. PDF A1788

Anon. 1897. In honour of Darwin – An honour to Salop. Shrewsbury Chronicle (13 August): 6. PDF A1790

Anon. 1908. The naturalist: The Darwin-Wallace Celebration. Field (4 July): 24-25. PDF A1797

Bidwell, W. H. 1871. Professor Charles Darwin [with engraving]. Eclectic magazine, vol. 13, n.s., (June): 757-58. PDF A1783

Cadman, Parkers, S. 1911. [Lecture 1:Charles Darwin]. Charles Darwin and other English thinkers. Pilgrim Press (New York): 3-44. PDF A1799

Dove, A. 1871. Was macht Darwin popular? Im Neuen Reich, vol. 2, (July): 1-6. PDF A1653

Graham, Richard D. 1897. The masters of Victorian Literature. Simpkin, Marshall & Co., Ltd (London); James Thin (Edinburgh): 453-65. PDF A1789

Gray, Asa. 1874. Charles Robert Darwin. American Naturalist, vol. 8, no. 8, (August): 473-79. PDF A1784

Kidder, M. Grier. 1909. Moral Courage. Overland Monthly: 201-04. PDF A1791

Marshall, T. F. 1910. Shropshire men: Charles Darwin; Darwin as a boy. Shrewsbury Chronicle (24 June: 10); (1 July: 10). PDF A1792

Sunderland, J. T. 1936. [Biographical sketch] Charles Darwin. The Modern Review, vol. 59:1, (January): 1-7. PDF A1795

Wells, H. G. 1923. Outline of History. Washington Post (16 September): 76. PDF A1794

Wells, G. P. 1932. The Great Victorians: Charles Robert Darwin. Doubleday, Doran & Company Inc., pp.135-45. PDF A1796

About Darwin's work

Agassiz, J. L. R. 1874. Evolution and Permanence of Type. Atlantic Monthly, Boston. (January): 92-101. PDF A1656

Allen, J. A. 1877. The evolution of morality, a reply. Canadian Monthly and National Review, vol. 11, (May): 490-501. PDF A1660

Anon. 1861. Respect to the Earth-worm. California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences, vol. 16:11, (20 December): 82. PDF A1171       

Anon. 1867. Note [concerning Anthropological Review, April, 1866]. Journal and Transactions of the Victoria Institute, vol. 2: 125-28. PDF A1643

Anon. 1868. Ludwig Schmarda's Ansichten uber die Darwin'sche Hypothese. Globus, illustrierte Zeitschrift, vol. 15 (February): 91-92. PDF A1645

Anon. 1870. Sur le transformisme. Revue Scientifique de la France et de l'etranger, Paris, vol. 7, (30 July): 545-60. PDF A1650

Anon. 1870. Darwin before the French Academy. Nature, vol. 2, (11 August): 298. PDF A1647

Anon. 1872. [Review of]. Palaeontographica: Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Vorwelt, herausgegeben von Dr. W. Dunker and Dr. K. A. Zittel, 1872. Nature, vol. 7, (21 November): 45. CUL-DAR205.9.42. PDF

Anon. 1872. "E.L.G." and the proof of deluge. English Mechanic and World of Science, vol. 15, (June): 303-06. PDF A1654

Anon. 1874. [Review of Descendenzlehre und Darwinismus, Oskar Schmidt; die Fortschritte des Darwinismus. Separatabdruck aus Dr. Klein's. Revue der Naturwissenschaften, J. W. Spengel. Jenaer Literaturzeitung, no. 1, (3 January): 7-8. PDF A1657

Anon. 1874. The origin of man. New York Times (5 September): 1. PDF A1767

Anon. 1875. [Review of Benson L. S. Philosophic reviews; Darwin answered, or evolution a myth]. Penn Monthly, vol. 6, (May): 368-72. PDF A1658

Anon. 1876. [Review of Lessons from nature, Mivart St. G. J.] Biological controversy and its laws. Quarterly Journal of Science, vol. 6, n.s., (April): 201-28. PDF A1659

Anon. 1876. Darwin's theory of pangenesis. Scientific American, vol. 34, no. 25. (17 June): 384. PDF A1768

Anon. 1878. [Review of]. Cook's lecture on biology. New Englander, (January): 100-13. PDF A1661

"A field naturalist", Edward Bell. 1902. The Primrose and Darwinism. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., London Grant Richards, 250pp. PDF A1520

Brace, C. L. 1870. Darwinism in Germany. North American Review, vol. 110, (April): 284-99. PDF A1648

[Bell, Edward]. 1902. [Letter to the editor.] The Primrose and Darwinism. Nature (9 October): 574-76. PDF A1521

Bennett, A. W. 1870. The theory of natural selection from a mathematical point of view. Nature, vol. 3, (10 November): 30-33. (R156[b]); Mr. Wallace's reply to Mr. Bennett, (17 November: 49-50). PDF A1646

Cope, E. D. 1870. On the Hypothesis of Evolution. Lippincott's Magazine of Literature, Science and Education (July: 29-41); (August: 173-80); (September: 310-19. PDF A1649

Ewbank, Thomas. 1863. Cursory thoughts on some natural phenomena, bearing chiefly on the primary cause of the succession of new species, and on the unity of force. New York Scribner, 2nd edition. 46pp. PDF A1641

Farrar, F.W. 1870. Philology and Darwinism. Nature (24 March): 527-29. PDF A1758

Fiske, J. 1873. Agassiz and Darwinism. Popular Science Monthly, vol. 3 (October): 692-705. PDF A1557

Fry, Edward. 1872. Darwinism and theology. London: Henry Sotheran and Co. Reprinted with slight alterations from the Spectator, of the 7th, 14th, and 21st September, 1872. 24pp. PDF A1671

Greg, W.R. 1868. On the failure of natural selection in the case of man. Fraser's Magazine, vol. 78 (September): 353-62. PDF A1644

Hitchman, Francis. 1881. Erasmus Darwin. Eighteenth Century Studies: Essays, Sampson Low, et al.: 360-86. PDF A1787

Laugel, Auguste. 1868. Darwin et ses critiques. Revue des Deux Mondes, vol. 74, (1 March): 130-36. PDF A1781

Löwenthal, E. 1864. Herr Schleiden und der Darwin'sche Arten-Entstehungs-Humbug. Nebst einer Anhange: Sechs Thesen für die künftige Philosophie und Natürforschung. Berlin: Schlingman. 13pp. PDF A1642

Meehan, Thomas. 1871. Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (August 1870): 280-82. PDF A1761

"Minister". 1871. Evolution and Theology. Radical, vol. 9, (December): 375-85. PDF A1652

Müller, Max F. 1873. Lectures on Darwin's philosophy of language. Fraser's Magazine (May), 61pp. PDF A1754

Paulhan, Fr. 1881. La theoria di Darwin criticamente esposta. Revue Philosophique de la France et de l'Étranger, vol. 11, (January to June): 559-60. PDF A1775

Quatrefages, Armand de. 1868-69. Origines des espèces animales et végétales. Revue des Deux Mondes, vol. 78, (15 December: 832-60); vol. 79 (1 January: 208-40). PDF A1756

Rougemont, F von. [1871]. Der Mensch und der Affe. Stuttgart Marriott. 56pp. PDF A1651

Westwood, J. O. 1860. Mr. Darwin's theory of development. Gardeners' Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette (11 February): 122. PDF A1196

Wright, C. 1870. Limits of Natural Selection. North American Review (October): 282-311. PDF A1759

Zacharias, Otto. 1874. Zur Kritik des Darwinismus. Ausland, no. 28, (13 July): 541-48. PDF A1655


2020, 07.10

Darwin, C. R. 1930. An early letter from Darwin to Owen. Nature, vol. 125,no. 3163, (14 June): 910-11. Text F2553

Darwin, C. R. 1882. [Letters to Charles E. Norton, 1881]. Letters from Mr. Charles Darwin. Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, vol. 19 (May): 311-312. Text PDF F2551

Darwin, C. R. 1899. [Letters with J. D. Dana]. The Life of James Dwight Dana: 209-10, 287, 302-15. PDF F2552

Darwin, C. R. 1945. [Letter to James E. Todd, 10 April, 1882]. Charles Darwin's last letter? Transactions Kansas Academy of Science, vol. 48, no. 3: 317-18. Text PDF F2555

W.A.H. 1930. Charles Darwin: Some reminiscences [with words attributed to Darwin]. Telegraph, (Brisbane, Queensland), (10 March): 20. Text F2554


Darwin, C. R. 1872. [Letter to Paolo Mantegazza]. Dell 'Elezione Sessuale di Darwin. Archivio della Società Italiana di Antropologia e di Etnologia, vol. 2: 112. PDF F2548

Anon. 1882. Darwin's Selbstbiographie. Prager Tageblatt (25 April): 8. Text A1640

Anon. 1909. [Apocryphal retraction by Darwin after his death.] Brief aus dem Jenseits. Kikeriki [Austria] (21 February): 2. Text A1639


A newly discovered Darwin letter, three new Darwin publications as well as a transcription of his list of shells collected during the voyage of the Beagle.

Darwin, 1873. Testimonial to Dr. James Murie. Medical Times and Gazette, (29 March): 350. Text PDF F2547

Darwin, 1877. [Letter to Anton Kerner]. Neue Freie Presse (5 January): 2. Text F2546

Darwin, 1877. [Letter to Anton Kerner]. Nature (1 February): 305. Text PDF F2545

Darwin & [Covington, S]. 1832-6. Shells. Text & image CUL-DAR29.3.4-8


A fascinating glimpse into how FitzRoy talked about the voyage and Darwin the day after their return to England in 1836.

Pym, H. N. ed. 1882. [Recollection of FitzRoy on Darwin.] Memories of old friends being extracts from the journals and letters of Caroline Fox: 13-14. Text PDF A1338

[Keith, Arthur]. 1929. Down House. British Association for the Advancement of Science Report of the ninety-sixth meeting…1928. London. PDF A1335

2020, 05.17

Four contemporary biographical articles on Darwin.

Anon. 1870. Charles Robert Darwin. Appleton's Journal., vol. 3: 439-41. PDF A1288

Anon. 1873. Charles Robert Darwin. Popular Science Monthly, vol. 2: 497-98. PDF A1289

Gray, Asa. 1874. Charles Robert Darwin. Nature, vol. 10 (4 June): 79-81. PDF A1290

Anon. 1878. Contemporary portraits: Charles Darwin, F.R.S. University Magazine, vol. 2, (August): 154-163. PDF A1291

Adams, W.H. Davenport. 1886.  'Charles Darwin' In: Master minds in art, science, and letters, London: 251-76. PDF A1292

2020, 05.11

Some overlooked items by Darwin's son Francis, one dictated by Darwin on a press report about a race of men with tales "even if it should, prove true, it would...have no important bearing on evolution" and his father's view of Greek in education. Also, an anonymous report about how Darwin respected and facilitated the church attendance of his servants.

Darwin, Francis. 1877. Charles Darwin on tailed men. The Star [Christchurch], (2 March): 2. Text A1284

Darwin, Francis. 1904. Darwin and Greek. The Times (29 December): 9. Text A1285

Anon. 1903. [Darwin's religiously tolerant agnosticism]. Sunderland Daily Echo (29 June): 2. Text A1287

2020, 05.05

Five newly recorded Darwin publications, in this case some of his letters in print.

Darwin, 1876. [Letter to James Torbitt] in Northern Whig (21 April): 4, and Professor Ansted's letter to Torbitt in Belfast News-Letter (22 April): 2. Text F2542

Darwin, 1896. [Letter to George Birkbeck Norman Hill] in Hill, Talks about autographs: 58-9. Text/PDF F2540

Darwin, 1909. Letters from Charles Darwin [to R. A. Blair] Science, vol. 30:766 (3 September): 303-4. PDF F2541

Darwin, 2002. [Letters with F. de Furtado]. in Correspondência científica de Francisco de Arruda Furtado: 107-118. PDF F2041

Darwin, 1891. Darwin on the unity of the human race. [Letter from Darwin, 23 September 1878]. Nature, (5 March): 415. PDF F2539

2020, 05.03

An important previously unrecorded manuscript by Charles Darwin - courtesy of a private collector in California. The scans were kindly provided by Sophia Rare Books. The Darwins moved to Down in 1842. This 11-page document lists a vast array of trees and plants in the grounds of Down House when Darwin began extensive planting and landscaping.

Darwin, 1844-1846. [Catalogue of trees and plants at Down House.] Private collection, California. PC-California Text Images PDF


2020, 03.10

Darwin letters in:

Jones, H. F. 1912. Samuel Butler's lost dialogue: On the origin of species. The Press [Christchurch, New Zealand] (1 June): 9. Text F2536

2020, 03.01

On the occasion of Annie Darwin's 180th birthday letters by Annie, her governess Miss Thorley and Emma Darwin's personal memorial and other related items have been transcribed and published online for the first time.

Darwin, Anne E. (Annie). [1851]. Letters to Greta and Katherine Euphemia (Effie) Wedgwood. CUL-DAR210.13.1 Text & images

Darwin, Emma. 1851. Last letter to Annie Darwin. [29 March]. CUL-DAR210.13.4 Text & images

Thorley, C. A. 1851. Letter to Emma Darwin. [14 April]. CUL-DAR210.13.5 Text & images

Thorley, C. A. 1851. Letter to Emma Darwin. [16 April]. CUL-DAR210.13.6 Text & images

Darwin, Erasmus A. 1851. Telegram to Emma Darwin. [19 April]. CUL-DAR210.13.12 Text & image

Darwin, Emma. 1851. Transcription of a poem on early death by Hartley Coleridge. (9 May). CUL-DAR210.13.27 Text & image

Darwin, Emma. [1851]. [Reminiscence of Anne Elizabeth Darwin]. CUL-DAR210.13.ED Text & images

Already transcribed: Darwin's memorial of Annie.

Darwin, 'Our poor child, Annie' (30.04.1851). CUL-DAR210.13.40 Text & images


2020, 01.26

Another memorial signed by Darwin has been added:

Darwin, et al. 1879. The society for the protection of ancient buildings (Venice Memorial). The Times, 19 November: 8. Text & image F2534

2020, 01.25

Another newly discovered Darwin letter in print. This one explains why Darwin omitted the famous whale-bear story from later editions of Origin of species. And, curiously, the Christian lecturer whose unflattering remarks on Darwin had prompted the exchange, claimed he had a letter in his possession that showed that Darwin wrote that "he can with confidence look to Calvary". Obviously Darwin did not write such a thing.

Darwin, 1887. [Letter to R. G. Whiteman, 1881.] Notes by citizen. Worcestershire Chronicle (26 November): 1. Text F2533

Further newly discovered and highly interesting sketches of Wallace have been added in an appendix to the earlier article:

Some original sketches of Alfred Russel Wallace in contemporary newspapers. By Christine Chua with assistance from John van Wyhe. PDF A1126

2020, 01.14

Some original sketches of Alfred Russel Wallace in contemporary newspapers. By Christine Chua with assistance from John van Wyhe. PDF A1126

2020, 01.03

More newly discovered Darwin publications and letters in print:

Darwin, 1884. [Letter to "A. Panchin", 1880.] Ein Brief von Charles Darwin. Kosmos vol. 2: 80. Text F2526

Darwin, 1875. [Letter to Mary Treat, 1874]. Carnivorous Plants.- Vegetable insect traps. Australian Town and Country Journal [Sydney] (23 January): 17. Text F2494

Darwin, 1878. Memorial of the Afghan Committee. Manchester Guardian (19 November). p. 8. Text F2527

Darwin, 1881. [Letter to E. W. Bok, 1881.] New-York Daily Tribune (9 November): 8. Text F2528

Darwin, 1882. Memorial on the persecution of Jews in Russia. Manchester Weekly Times (28 January): 5. Text F2529

Darwin, 1883. [Letter to Doedes on Darwin's religious views, 1873.] Rutland Daily Herald [Rutland, Vermont] (23 February): 2. Text F2531

Darwin, 1884. [Letter to James Torbitt.] Belfast News-Letter (8 February): 4. Text F2532

2019, 12.30

A newly discovered Darwin letter to an Austrian admirer:

Darwin, 1869. [Letter to F. M. Malvern.] Ein Brief Darwin's. Neue Freie Presse [Vienna] (4 March): 8. Text Image F2492

Also new Darwin words found in print:

Darwin, 1882. [Letter to Emil Holub, 1882.] Ein Brief Charles Darwin's. Wiener Allgemeine Zeitung (4 February): 5. Text F2524

Darwin, 1882. [Letters to Julius Wiesner, 1882.] Charles Darwin. Neue Freie Presse [Vienna] (22 April): 5. Text F2525

Thomatis, D. 1875. Carnivorous Plants and Darwinism. The Telegraph [Brisbane] (29 September): 3. Text A1123

[Chambers, Robert.] 1875. [Review of Insectivorous Plants]. A carnivorous plant. Chambers's Journal, no. 608, (21 August): 530. Text A1124

Anon. 1873. [Mocking comments on Expression.] Mr. Charles Darwin at Home. Public Ledger [Memphis, Tennessee] vol. XV, no. 126 (25 January): 1. Text A1125

Darwin, C. R & Emma Darwin. 1956. [Correspondence extracts with Hooker, Huxley and Leonard Darwin, 1861, 1863, 1871, 1873.] In W. Irvine, Apes, Angels and Victorians. London: 88, 93, 139, 216. Text F2497

2019, 12.29

Three newly discovered Darwin publications and a purported fragment of a lost letter to Julia Margaret Cameron:

Darwin, 1878. The declaration against war [with Russia]. The Times (1 May): 10. Text F2449

Darwin, 1878. Lord Salisbury and the declaration against war. London Evening Standard (23 May): 5. Text F2482

Darwin, 1893. [Purported quotation from a letter to Julia Margaret Cameron.] H. H. H. Cameron. Alfred, Lord Tennyson and his friends. Text F2491

Darwin, 1882. [Fragment of an 1881 letter to Balfour.] Memorial to the late Professor Balfour. Cambridge Independent Press (4 November): 5. Text F2485

Other new items:

Darwin, 1917. [Letter to F. J. Muniz.] A letter of Ch. Darwin in Argentina. Nature (14 June): 305-306. Text F2481

Darwin, 1930. An early letter from Darwin to Owen. Nature, no. 3163, vol. 125 (14 June): 910-911. Text F2476

Darwin, L. 1934. Myths about Darwin. The Times (15 August): 11. Text A1122


2019, 12.26

Fragment of a previously unknown Darwin letter and reference to a lost one:

Darwin, 1884. [Quotation from a letter to Harrison Weir.] In Anon. Mr. Harrison Weir at Weirleigh. Celebrities at home. From The World. Kent & Sussex Courier (25 April): 7. Text F1884

Lewins, Robert. 1882. [Darwin on the non-existence of the soul.] Mr. Darwin and Professor Haeckel. Journal of science vol. 19: 751-752. Text A1119

Newly transcribed:

Anon. 1861. Darwin library. List of books received in the University Library Cambridge March – May 1961. Text A1036

Darwin, [1845-6?]. On care of M.S. Text & image CUL-DAR43.1.1a

Darwin, List of shells from Patagonia: 51-2. Text & image CUL-DAR43.1.51-52

Darwin, G. H. 1882.04.26 List of mourners for information of the Press. Text CUL-DAR140.5.2

Darwin, 1890. [Letter to J. S. Henslow, 25 July 1845] Darwin on allotments. Croydon Advertiser and East Surrey Reporter (29 March): 3. Text F1882

[Griffith, J.] 1875. [Darwin donated £5 to the charity.] The Rector of Merthyr's Sermon on the Children's Meal. The Merthyr Telegraph (2 April). Text A1120

Darwin, B. 1955. The world that Fred made: An autobiography. London: Chatto & Windus. PDF A1121

2019, 12.24

Two newly discovered Darwin letters:

Darwin, 1929. [Letter to Charles Augustus Bennet, Lord Tankerville.] S. Gordon. Famous cattle. The Chillingham herd. The Scotsman (19 July): 13. Text F2377

Darwin, 1909. [Autograph note to J. T. Page, 1881.] In John T. Page. Rambles among my autographs. Tower Hamlets Independent and East End Local Advertiser (27 February): 6. Text F2224

Two newly discovered and important recollections of Darwin:

Anon. 1927. [Recollection of Darwin by gardener Henry Wheeler.] Darwin at home: a crusty, snuff-taking recluse. Sunday Post (4 September): 3. Text PDF A1111

Anon. 1927. [Recollection of Darwin by gardener Bailey.] A glimpse of Darwin. Gardener's story of his life at Downe. Londonderry Sentinel (8 September): 8. Text A1112

More letters in print:

Darwin, 1884. [Letters to Syms Covington.] Original Letters of Charles Darwin to an Australian Settler. Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (9 August): 254-5. Text F2219

Darwin, 1930. [Letter to James Crichton-Browne.] In James Crichton-Browne. What the doctor thought. London: 61-65, 71. Text F2446

Darwin, 1929. Unpublished Darwin letter [to Symington Grieve, 1882.] The Scotsman (18 January): 12. Text F2260

More recollections of Darwin:

Tegetmeier, W. 1891. How Darwin accumulated his facts. St James's Gazette (7 April): 6. Text A1117

Anon. 1929. [Recollection of Darwin and Carlyle.] The Cheyne Row Household. The Scotsman (5 February): 8. Text A1116

Darwin, 1883. [Purported remark on Margaret Oliphant.] Shields Daily Gazette (16 January). Text F1886

Stephen, L. 1906. [Recollection of Darwin]. In F. W. Maitland, Life and letters of Leslie Stephen: 488-9. Text A1114

Early visits to Down House

[Newman, George]. 1893. Darwin's house at Down. Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser (22 June): 5. Text A1107

Darwin, 1896. [Words attributed to Darwin.] [T. B.] Darwin's Coffin. The Sketch (15 April): 528. Text F2360

Anon. 1893. A visit to Charles Darwin's home. Cambridge Independent Press (8 September): 7. Text A1115

'Natura'. 1893. [A visit to Downe]. Wanderings in the Kent and Surrey Lanes. Norwood News (24 June): 5. Text A1118

Fordyce, J. 1879. Aspects of Scepticism (chapter only). PDF F1861

2019, 12.19

Two newly discovered Darwin letters:

Darwin, 1875. [Letter to H.K. Rusden.] Darwin on Criminals. Ovens and Murray Advertiser (27 March): p. 5. Text & image F1891

Darwin, 1875. [Letter to 'Pomona'.] Letter from Mr. Darwin. Rockhampton Bulletin (Queensland) (22 August): 2. Text F2131

Darwin, 1900. [Correspondence with A.D. Bartlett and Edward Bartlett.] In E. Bartlett ed., Bartlett's life among the wild beasts in the 'Zoo': 330-338. Text PDF F2183

Nicholson, H.A. 1886. Charles Darwin. In Natural history: its rise and progress in Britain as developed in the life and labours of leading naturalists. PDF A1106

Anon. 1882. The home of the late Charles Darwin, Down, Kent. The Graphic, (1 July): 16. Image A1109

Anon. 1894. Darwin & Darwinismus. Brockhaus' Konversations=Lexkion. 14th edn. vol. 4: 819-823. PDF A1112

2019, 11.23

Many newly discovered items including recollections of Darwin, obituaries of his family and a transcription of his collection of Beagle rocks, all transcribed by Christine Chua, have been added to Darwin Online.

Harker, Alfred, [1907]. Catalogue of the "Beagle" Collection of Rocks. Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge. Text & images HarkerCatalogue. Transcribed by Christine Chua.

Anon. 1868. Charles Darwin, the eminent naturalist. American Phrenological Journal (October) vol. 48, no. 4: 121-123. PDF A1105

Derby, Lord, [Stanley, E.H]. 1883. [Recollection of Darwin]. The Times (1 October): 9. Text A1100

Vaughan, John. 1893. Boyhood of Charles Darwin. Boys Own Paper (8 April): 445-446. Text & images A986

Anon. 1896. Obituary [Emma Darwin]. The Times (5 October): 6. Text A1093

Anon. 1912. Obituary of George Howard Darwin. The Times (9 December): 9. Text A1094

Anon. 1914. Obituary of William Erasmus Darwin. The Times (12 September): 11. Text A1095

Anon. 1925. Obituary of Francis Darwin. The Times (21 September): 12 and 14. Text A1096

Anon. 1927. Obituary of Mrs. Litchfield. The Times (20 December): 1, (24 December): 10. Text A1097

Anon. 1928. Obituary of Sir Horace Darwin. The Times (24 September): 21 and funeral (27 September): 15. Text A1098

Anon. 1943. Obituary of Leonard Darwin. The Times (27 March): 1, 6 and 14. Text A1099

Farrar, F. W. 1897. [Recollection of Darwin] Men I have known: 140-149. Text A1101

Morley, J. 1901. [Recollection of Down House visit with Gladstone in 1877]. The Times (24 October): 9. Text A1102

Collier, J. 1929. [Recollection of and quote from Darwin] A famous artist's recollections. The Straits Times (8 October): 17. Text F1864

Collier, J. 1930. [Recollection of Darwin] When Shaw posed for a portrait. Darwin and Huxley. Famous artist on celebrities he has painted. The Singapore Free Press, (15 August): 18. Text A1092

Keith, A. 1922. Darwin's famous home. The Straits Times (29 November): 11. Text A1103

2019, 10.05

Darwin, Emma, 'The pound of sugar'. Transcribed by Christine Chua. Text CUL-DAR185.101

Darwin, 2019. [1838 Autobiographical fragment in Portuguese]. Translated by Pedro Navarro, Tradução de texto primário da história da biologia: O primeiro relato autobiográfico de Darwin: tradução do manuscrito "vida" de 1838. Boletim de História e Filosofia da Biologia. vol. 13, no. 3 (September): 10-15. Text F2230

Anon. [1908?] Index to annotations by Darwin in his copies of Gardeners' Chronicle; List of the numbers of special interest to Darwin and kept by him in separate parcels, 1847-71. Text & images CUL-DAR222.1

Stebbing, T. T. R. 1871. The 'Times' Review of Darwin's 'Descent of Man'. Nature, (20 April): 488-9. Text Image A1027

2019, 09.22

We have combined the text of all sixty notebooks of Emma Darwin's diary into a single file for easier searching:

Emma Darwin's diary (1824-1896): Text CUL-DAR242

2019, 09.11

Wedgwood, H. A. 1887. The Bird talisman. An eastern tale. Preface by Emma Darwin. Cambridge: privately printed. PDF A1091

[Wedgwood, H. A.] 1852. The Bird talisman. An eastern tale. The family tutor. vol. 3: 49-52, 89-92, 109-111, 143-146, 168-171, 234-237. PDF A1090

Seward, A. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London. PDF A1089

Courtesy of the Library of the Zoological Institute, St. Petersburg:

1950 Fertilisation of Flowers [in Russian]. Darwin's preface only. PDF F1433

List of personal friends invited to funeral of Darwin Charles Robert. 1882.04.26. Transcribed by Christine Chua, edited by John van Wyhe. Text & image CUL-DAR215.3c.

Anon. 1860. Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Oxford Chronicle and Berks and Bucks Gazette, (21 July): 3. Text A1088

Scott, John. 1864. Observations on the functions and structure of the reproductive organs in the Primulaceæ. Communicated by Charles Darwin. [Read 4 Feb.] Journal of of the Linnean Society (Botany) 8 (1865): 78-126. PDF A1057

Brown-Séquard, C.Ē. 1861. Review of Origin of Species [In French]. Revue germanique (July): pp. 523-59. PDF A1065

Anon ed. 1909. Fifty years of Darwinism: modern aspects of evolution, centennial addresses in honor of Charles Darwin before the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Baltimore, Friday, January 1, 1909. PDF A1087

2019, 07.13

A newly discovered letter to Darwin. Emma Sophia Galton to Darwin, 19 Nov. 1879 on corrections to Erasmus Darwin. Text & images (From a private collection)

This letter fits between others exchanged between Galton and Darwin on the subject, see the Darwin Correspondence Project website here.

2019, 07.13

Newly transcribed by Christine Chua:

William Darwin, Francis Darwin and Albert Dicey on the religious part of Darwin's Autobiography. Text & images DAR210.8

2019, 07.12

Newly discovered, the first translation from Darwin's book Expression of the emotions in Hungarian, thanks to Christine Chua:

1873. Expression of the emotions [in Hungarian]. (Chap. VIII on laughter only) Trans. by Lajos Felméri. Természettudományi közlöny (Budapest) vol. 5: 179-192, 1 plate. PDF F1849

2019, 07.11

Darwin, G. H. 1873. Instinct: moving in a circle. Nature, May 1: 6. Text A1056

Darwin, G. H. 1873. Variations of organs. Nature, (16 Oct.): 505. Text A1054

Darwin, G. H. 1874. Endowment of Research. Nature, Nov. 12: 27. Text A1060

Darwin, G. H. 1874. Science at Cambridge. Nature, Aug. 13: 286. Text A1055

Darwin, G. H. 1875. Marriages between first cousins in England and their effects. Journal of the Statistical Society of London, vol. 38, No. 2, Jun.: 153-84. PDF A1058

Darwin, G. H. 1877. On a suggested explanation of the obliquity of planets to their orbits. The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, 3:17, 188-192. PDF A1061

Darwin, G. H. 1877. On the influence of geological changes on the Earth's axis of rotation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, vol. 167: 271-312. PDF A1059

Darwin, G. H. 1878. On Professor Haughton's estimate of geological time. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, vol. 27: 179-183. PDF A1063

Darwin, G. H. 1878. On the precession of a viscous spheroid, and on the remote history of the Earth. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Dec. 19: 447-593. PDF A1062

Darwin, G. H. 1879. The Determination of the Secular Effects of Tidal Friction by a Graphical Method. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Jun. 19: 168-81, with illustrations. PDF A1064

Darwin, G. H. 1880. History of planet and single satellite. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Mar. 6: 255-78. PDF A1066

Darwin, G. H. 1885. Note on a previous paper. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Mar. 19: 322-28. PDF A1067

Darwin, G. H. 1885. Results of the harmonic analysis of tidal observations. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Mar. 19: 135-207. PDF A1068

Darwin, G. H. 1886. On Jacobi's figure of equilibrium for a rotating mass of fluid.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Oct. 12: 319-36. PDF A1075

Darwin, G. H. 1886. On the correction to the equilibrium theory of tides for the continents.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Mar. 12: 303-15. PDF A1076

Darwin, G. H. 1886. On the Dynamical Theory of the Tides of Long Period, Nov. 5: 337-42. PDF A1074

Darwin, G. H. 1889. Second series of results of the harmonic analysis of tidal observations.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Feb. 7: 556-611. PDF A1077

Darwin, G. H. 1890. On the harmonic analysis of tidal observations of high and low water.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Jun. 17: 278-340. PDF A1078

Darwin, G. H. 1892. On the Apparatus for facilitating the Reduction of Tidal Observations.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Nov. 12: 345-389. PDF A1086

Darwin, G. H. 1898. On Sea-beaches and sandbanks: discussion. The geographical Journal, vol. 11, No. 6, Jun.: 647-651. PDF A1079

Darwin, G. H. 1899. The tides and kindred phenomena in the solar system. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and company. PDF A1080

Darwin, G. H. 1902. The stability of the pear-shaped figure of equilibrium of a rotating mass of liquid. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Containing Papers of a Mathematical or Physical Character, Jun. 19: 251-314. PDF A1081

Darwin, G. H. 1903. The approximate determination of the form of Maclaurin's spheroid. Transactions of the American Mathematical Society, vol. 4, No. 2, Apr.: 113-133. PDF A1082

Darwin, G. H. 1906. On the figure and stability of a liquid satellite. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Containing Papers of a Mathematical and Physical Character, vol. 77, No. 519, May 14: 422-425. PDF A1083

Darwin, G. H. 1907. Oceanic tides and lunar disturbance of gravity, vol. 1. Cambridge University Press. PDF A1069

Darwin, G. H. 1908. Tidal Friction and Cosmogony, vol. 2. Cambridge University Press. PDF A1070

Darwin, G. H. 1909. The genesis of double stars. Cambridge University Press. PDF A1084

Darwin, G. H. 1910. Figures of equilibrium of rotating liquid and geophysical investigations, vol. 3. Cambridge University Press. PDF A1071

Darwin, G. H. 1910. The tidal observations of the British Antarctic Expedition, 1907. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Dec. 15: 403-422. PDF A1085

Darwin, G. H. 1911. Periodic Orbits and Miscellaneous Papers, vol. 4. Cambridge University Press. PDF A1072

Darwin, G. H. 1912. Sir William Herschel. Science, New Series, vol. 36, No. 917, Jul. 26: 97-108. PDF A1086

Darwin, G. H. 1916. Supplementary volume, vol. 5. Cambridge University Press. PDF A1073


2019, 07.07

A new introduction to Darwin's book the Fertilisation of Orchids by Gordon Chancellor. Introduction.

2019, 07.05

Fullerton, W. Y. 1931. [Recollection and letter of Darwin] J. W. C Fegan: A tribute, The Life of Mr. Fegan. Text F2523

Tait, L. 1875. Insectivorous plants. Nature (29 July): 251-2. (Forwarded to Nature by Darwin.) Text A1053

2019, 06.24-27

John van Wyhe, 2012. Darwin in translation. American Philosophical Society Darwin-Valentine collection.

Cooper, T. ed., 1878. Men of mark: a gallery of contemporary portraits...photographed from life by Lock and Whitfield with brief biographical notices. With photograph. Text & image A2052

Thackray, J.C. 2003. [Recollections of Darwin at the Geological Society of London] In: To see the fellows fight. Text A1050

Cohn, Ferdinand. [1876]. [Recollection of a visit to Darwin]. Breslauer Zeitung, 1882. (English translation) Text A654

Anon. 1871. Mr. Darwin, F.R.S. Illustrated London News. (11 March): 243-4 (with portrait). PDF A1051

Origin of species in Dutch, corrected text by Toon van der Ouderaa:

1860. Het ontstaan der soorten van dieren en planten door middel van de natuurkeus, of het bewaard blijven van bevoorregte rassen in de strijd des levens.
Vol. 1 PDF F2056.1
Vol. 2 PDF F2056.2

Variation vol. 1 in French, corrected by F. Précy:

1872-3. La descendance de l'homme et la sélection sexuelle. Vol. 1 PDF F1058.1


2019, 06.22

Completely transcribed for the first time, courtesy of Christine Chua:

Emma Darwin's Recipe Book. Text & images DAR214

2019, 06.18

Darwin in Finnish- a new language for Darwin Online- bringing the number of languages to 29. Courtesy of Christine Chua.

Journal of Researches

1924. Matka maapallon ympäri. Translated by Alfred Jotuni. Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Kirja. PDF F179a

Origin of Species

1928. Lajien synty luonnollisen valinnan kautta eli Luonnon suosimien rotujen säilyminen taistelussa olemassaolosta. Translated by A. R. Koskimies. Hämeenlinna: Karisto. PDF F2026


1987. Elämäni. Translated by Anto Leikola. Oulu: Pohjoinen. PDF F2028

2019, 05.13

A critical review of Darwin's first book. Courtesy of J. David Archibald.

Anon. 1839. [Review of] Narratives of the Surveying Voyages of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle, between the Years 1826 and 1836 [Second Notice]. Athenaeum no. 607 (15 June): 446-449. PDF A1049

2019, 05.11

Published here for the first time- complete transcriptions of Emma Darwin's diaries. They contain a treasure trove of unique information about the lives of the Darwin family and many others.

This final installment covers 1824-1835 and 1860-1896. This new content includes Darwin's life from the publication of the Origin of species to his death in 1882. Emma Darwin continued the diaries until her own death in 1896.

After clicking on a diary, scroll up to see a brief introduction. See the general introduction here.

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1824] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.1]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1833] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.2]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1834] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.3]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1835] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.4]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1860] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.24]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1861] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.25]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1862] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.26]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1863] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.27]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1864] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.28]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1865] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.29]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1866] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.30]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1867] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.31]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1868] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.32]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1869] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.33]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1870] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.34]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1871] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.35]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1872] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.36]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1873] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.37]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1874] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.38]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1875] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.39]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1876] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.40]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1877] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.41]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1878] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.42]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1879] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.43]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1880] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.44]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1881] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.45]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1882] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.46]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1883] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.47]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1884] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.48]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1885] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.49]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1886] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.50]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1887] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.51]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1888] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.52]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1889] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.53]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1890] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.54]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1891] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.55]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1892] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.56]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1893] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.57]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1894] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.58]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1895] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.59]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1896]  Text & images CUL-DAR242[.60]


2019, 04.13

The Origin of species in Chinese. Courtesy of Christine Chua.

1972. 物种起源. 谢蕴贞译, 伍献文, 陈世骧. PDF F640a

2019, 04.01

Published here for the first time- transcriptions of Emma Darwin's diaries from 1850-1859. This period includes the deaths of her children Annie and Charles Waring and the writing and publication of Darwin's Origin of species.

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1850] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.14]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1851] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.15]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1852] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.16]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1853] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.17]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1854] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.18]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1855] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.19]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1856] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.20]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1857] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.21]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1858] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.22]

[Emma Darwin's diary for: 1859] Text & images CUL-DAR242[.23]




For previous entries see the History of Darwin Online page.


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